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32 Cards in this Set

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verb

shows action or being or links a subject to a subject complement

purpose of the VERB

main word about the noun




show action OR equation

linking verbs

they say that 2 things are the same




create an equation




=

Most common linking verb

to be

being verb

expresses pure existence





action verb

express action

name 6 verb tenses

1. present go


2. Past went


3. Future will go


4. Present perfect have gone


5. Past perfect had gone


6. future perfect will have gone

name 4 parts of the verb

infinitive


present participle'


past


past participle

primary auxiliary verb

be, do, have

Modal auxiliary verb

can/could


may/might


must


shall/should


will/would




conditional forms of verbs









marginal auxiliary verb

dare, need, ought to, used to




enhance the meaning of main verb

Perfect Tense

HAVE finished

Progressive tense

IN progress





past prefect tense

HAD .....





regular verbs

infinative


present partipile -ing


past participle -d OR -ed





irregular verbs

lmust be memorized, 300 verbs do not follow this regular pattern

irregular verb that stay the same

bet


burst


cast


cost


fit


hit


put


quit


rid


set


shut

irregular verb- past & past participle are same

bring brought


build built


buy bought


catch caught


cling clung


dig dug


fling flung


lay (to place) laid


lose lost


sneak snuck


sit sat

irregular verb, past participle is different from the past

begin began begun


bite bit bitten


break broke broken


do did done


drink drank drunk


eat ate eaten


fly flew flown


grow grew grown


know knew known


lie (recline) lay lain


see saw seen


show showed shown


wear wore worn

transitive verb

an action verb that acts on a direct object

intransitive verb

sometimes a subject just acts




(Roberto laughed.)

list of verbs that are ALWAYS Transitive

enjoy


find


excuse


reward


feed


sell

list of verbs that are ALWAYS INTRANSITIVE

disappear


belong


laugh


wonder


giggle


arise


feast


go

Active voice verb

shows the subject acting




(vigorous voice)

passive voice verb

shows the subject receiving an action




passive voice make the sentence weak because the subject isn't doing anything

emphatic

shows emphasis

the 3 MOODS of tenses

indicative=standard mood


imperative=command mood


subjunctive=wish mood

indicative

I AM he.

imperative

BE on time.

subjunctive

I WISH I WERE more

3 forms of CONDITIONAL

1st=real possibilites


2nd =unreal possibilites


3rd=impossible sitiuations in the past

parallel verb tense

construction of sentence is all PARALLEL TENSE