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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Cahokia
East St. Louis; Capitol of Mississippian's
Tenochtitlan
Aztec Empire; Located in the valley of Mexico
Pre-1942 America
Paleo Indians (Bering Straight); Mississippian Society (Spiro Mounds, Cahokia); The Vikings (Vinland)
Mound-Builders
Built mounds and other earthworks. Ex: Cahokia
Hernando Cortes
Conquered Aztec Empire
John Cabot
Found Newfoundland, Canada
Sir Walter Raleigh
Founded the "lost colony" of Roanoke
Columbian Exchange
Exchange of animal, plants, culture (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas
Hernando De Soto
Explored Southeastern US
Francisco Coronado
Spanish conquistador, who visited New Mexico and other parts of what are now the southwestern United States
Moctezuma
Aztec emperor
Conquistadors
Spanish explorers
God, Glory, Gold
Motivation of Spanish conquistadors
Roanoke
First English settlement in America
Puritanism
Protestants who sought to 'purify' the Church of England of all traces of Catholicism
Sir Francis Drake
The first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe; helped to defeat the Spanish Armada
Jamestown
First permanent English settlement in America
William Bradford
Plymouth Governor
Massachusetts Bay Company
English settlement on the east coast of North America; Boston and Salem
Anne Hutchinson
Banished from Boston for her religious views
John Winthrop
Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; "City upon a hill."
Quakers
Religious Society of Friends: a Christian sect founded by George Fox
Roger Williams
Co-founder of Rhode Island and seperatist
Indentured Servents
under contract to an employer for a fixed period of time, typically three to seven years, in exchange for their transportation, food, clothing, lodging and other necessities
Samuel de Champlain
established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec
Tobacco
Main source of income for early settlers
Jesuits
The Society of Jesus; Form of Catholicism
Pequot Massacre
Many died; people went on killing rampage.
Smallpox
Killed many Indians; settlers brought it over
William Penn
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania