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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
This system divides powers between the state and national governments
federal
A plan that provides the rules for government is called a
constitution.
This man was known as the father of the Constitution
James Madison
Federalists were concerned that without a strong national government this would triumph.
Absolute rule
As established by the Framers, the voice of the people would be represented in the
House of Representatives
Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution lists specific powers granted to Congress, known as
enumerated powers.
The judicial branch can check the power of the other two branches of government through the power of
judicial review.
This action is required to override a presidential veto.
2/3 vote in Congress
To protect liberty and specify its powers, the Framers gave Congress
expressed powers.
An amendment may be proposed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or by
a national constitutional convention
The Constitution grants these powers to the national government.
supremacy powers
This gives the federal government the right to tax your income.
Sixteenth Amendment
This constitutional power gave Congress the authority to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
to protect citizens
This deals with presidential succession.
25th Amendment
This section of the Constitution states why it was written.
the Preamble
The judicial branch can check the power of the other two branches of government through the power of
judicial veto.
The Framers provided this section of the Constitution so that it will grow with the changing nation.
the Amendments
The first 10 Amendments are called the
Bill of Rights.
This amendment protects the freedom of speech.
1st Amendment
Which amendment addressed the salaries of the members of Congress?
27th
Which amendment establishes the need for a warrant or probable cause before a person can be searched?
4th
Which amendment repealed Prohibition?
21st
Which amendment abolished the poll tax?
24th
The 13th , 14th , and 15th amendments cover what category?
Civil War Amendments
What is the least number of Congressmen (Representatives + Senators) a state can
have?
2
The U. S. Senate has how many members?
50
Which office holds the title of Commander-in-Chief?
President
The U. S. House of Representatives has how many members?
435
The term of office for the President is how many years?
4
The U. S. Supreme Court has how many justices?
9
The term of office for a U. S. Representative is how many years?
2
What name is given to the President’s group of advisors?
Cabinet
In what month are federal elections held?
November
The term of office for a U. S. Senator is how many years?
6
Which branch of government has the authority to print and coin money?
Legislative
Membership in which chamber of Congress is based on equal representation from each state?
House of Representatives
What is the age required to become a U.S. Senator?
30
Who is responsible for declaring war?
Congress
Which branch is responsible for making the laws?
Legislative
Which branch is responsible for enforcing the laws?
Executive
Which branch is responsible for interpreting the laws?
Judicial
amendment that grants the rights to know charges, to change of venue, to a speedy trial, and the right to a defense
6th
This plan was supported by the larger states (population), which created a two-chamber house in the legislative branch.
Virginia Plan
How long does a Supreme Court justice serve?
Life
This remained legal in the original Constitution in order to get ratification from the Southern states.
Slavery
What are the three parts of the 5th Amendment?
Double Jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law