Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/21

Click to flip

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

GREAT MIGRATION

Refers to the movement of African Americans after World War I from the rural South to Northern cities to find jobs in industry; increased economic opportunity

IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1924

Placed a quota on immigration, largely excluded southern and eastern Europeans;

1920s MASS CONSUMPTION


  1. Growing popularity of radio and motion pictures
  2. Prosperity resulted in part from increased demand for consumer goods
  3. Growing demand for the automobile
  4. Use of credit

CONFLICTING VALUES OF 1920s

Conflicting social values during the 1920s:



  • Liberal: flappers, speakeasies, consumer spending
  • Conservative: prohibition, Scopes trial, anti-immigration/nativist attitudes

18th AMENDMENT (1920)

National Prohibition; public opinion was divided; difficult to enforce because it did not ban consumption of alcohol

19th AMENDMENT (1920)

Constitutional Amendment granting suffrage to women

HARLEM RENAISSANCE

Cultural movement in the 1920s that expanded the influence of African Americans by promoting the artistic contributions of African Americans (i.e. Langston Hughes, Duke Ellington)

SCOPES TRIAL

Trial of a biology teacher who brazenly taught evolution; reflected the conflict in American society between science and religion

SACCO & VANZETTI

Trial of two foreigners executed for an alleged robbery/murder; represented anti-foreign attitudes and a fear of communism; linked to the Palmer Raids

FIRST RED SCARE

Anti-Immigrant / Anti-Communist attitudes; linked to the Palmer Raids

CAUSES OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION

  1. Installment Buying (paying in installments)
  2. Income inequality
  3. Buying goods on credit
  4. Stock Market Crash (1929)
  5. Overproduction

IMPACTS OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION


  1. Altered American political preferences
  2. Led to increased role of the federal government in Americans' lives (i.e. New Deal)

DUST BOWL

Poor farming methods and sustained drought in the 1920s and 1930s led to the Dust Bowl, which negatively impacted farmers on the Great Plains

PRESIDENT HOOVER'S "BONUS ARMY"

After WWI, 43,000 WWI veterans who demanded cash payment during the Great Depression for their service marched on Washington ; President Hoover ordered the U.S. army to clear the veterans' camp sites.

FDR'S NEW DEAL PROGRAMS

Creation of the Social Security Act, CCC, SEC Wagner Act

IMPACTS OF THE NEW DEAL

Led to increased role of the federal government in Americans' lives

PRE-WWII FOREIGN POLICY

FDR urged the U.S. to become an "arsenal of democracy" to provide war materials to allied nations; Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, 1937 > Neutrality Act of 1939 > Lend-Lease Act of 1941 (became increasingly less neutral over time)

CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II

Bombing of Pearl Harbor (December 7th, 1941)

IMPACTS OF WWII

Women were encouraged to conserve household products to support war effort and Americans were encouraged to conserve scarce resources (i.e. rationing gasoline)

JAPANESE INTERNMENT DURING WWII

Internment illustratd that civil liberties are sometimes limited during times of national crisis; Korematsu v. U.S. (1944) authorized exclusion of Japanese Americans as "a matter of national security"

TRUMAN & THE ATOMIC BOMB

Manhattan Project was part of WWII effort to develop the atomic bomb. Dropped on Hiroshima on Aug 6, 1945 and Nagasaki on Aug 9, 1945