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27 Cards in this Set

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Classification of a risk

The chance of something happening that will have an impact upon objectives. it can be measured in terms of likelihood and consequences

Why are records important?

Applicable technical documentation to review and assess the activity, equipment used and the location of the session.

E.G. of Equipment maintenance procedures and history

Equipment maintenance history: All equipment should be checked prior to and at the conclusion of the session. All maintenance history should be documented.

Maintenance schedule: maintenance should be regularly scheduled to ensure the safe use of all equipment. All services should be recorded and signed off.

Incident reports: Record of an accident or injury that occurred in a similar session or at a specific location. this information will allow to prepare for potential risks and hazards

E.G. of Equipment maintenance procedures and history #2

Injury statistics or records: Record and documentation of a range of statistics including the number of incidents, lost workdays due to work related incidents etc. Assists in the organisation to identify improvement and prevent further risks.

Failure reports: Record of an issue, problem or setback. Failures should be identified and recorded so a preventative strategy or corrective action can be implemented.

Equipment or activity specific policies or procedures: Specific equipment or activity policies that must be adhered to e.g. bush walking requires an Activity trip intention form.

Risk evaluation criteria

Vital to define how risks are measured, the level of risk and the reduction of the risk.

It is used to make decisions about the risks identified it may include:

-predetermined standards

-target risk levels

-other relevant criteria


Law that has been established by the government. Must be adhered to at all times. Generally regard safety , operation and employment. e.g.

-WH and S

-Equal opportunity


-Duty of care

-Industrial relations



-Derived from legislation and are created to comply with the legislative requirements.

-Government bodies set the task of creating and enforcing the regulations

Australian Standards

-Standards related to guidelines established by peak bodies and organisations that oversee industry areas.

-They are not governed by law but breaches in these standards may result in loss of registration or qualification.

-Ensures the safety of participants and clients

Organisational policies, aims and objectives

Risks that are likely to impact on a business or organisation for the long term may take priority over those that will only affect the organisation in the short term

Operating procedures and guidlines

-Created by the organisation itself relating to the process of the organisation

-Based upon legislation, regulations and Australian standards.

-Should be translated into easy to understand steps that can be followed on a daily basis

Identification of risks include...

-Drawing on expertise from within the organisation e.g. brainstorms and questionnaires

-Drawing on expertise from outside the organisation e.g. case studies, industry specialists

Potential sources of risks

-Physical: Any risk caused by tangible things ie materials and equipment. Easily identifiable can be internal or external.

-Chemical: Severely hazardous, potential to cause injury, Chemicals enter the body through inhalation ingestion etc.

-Environmental: Uncontrollable and impact directly on the session. increase the likelihood of accidents

-Psychological: Mind and thought process, relates to whether the participant is mentally prepared for the session. Most evident when risk is high.

-Financial, commercial and legal: Potentially lose money or assets. Potential to cause relationship breakdowns, affect profit margins and affect ability to continue trading. Potential to be legally sued

Behavioral: Cause harm to others within the group. Dealt with swiftly and tactfully

Relevant legislation: WH and S

ensuring the safety of all employees and others in the workplace. WH&S legislation includes

- Hazards and risks

-Emergency response

-Consultation and participation

Relevant legislation:Equal opportunity

-Offering an opportunity in a discrimination free environment.

-An instructor will explore ways to involve all participants in the session.

Relevant legislation:Privacy

-Protection of peoples personal information.

-Responsibility to ensure the security of all clients personal details.

-Breach may result in legal action.

Relevant legislation: Duty of care

-Taking reasonable care to ensure the safety of all individuals.

-Taking responsibility to foresee any possible dangers that may harm anyone in your care.

-Breach of their duty of care is seen to be negligent.

Relevant legislation: Industrial relations

-Obligations, duties and conditions under which an employee must work and what they are entitled in the eyes of the law

- different in each state or territory

-e.g. pay rates,amount of annual or sick leave etc.

Relevant legislation: Licensing

-Licenses may need to be obtained through peak bodies, local councils and state governments.

-Common licenses include...

fundraising license, liquor license, indoor sports license etc

Who and why must a risk analysis be conducted?

-The person in charge must complete a risk analysis to ensure the safety of all participants and to ensure the session complies with the work health and safety legislation.

I Like Controlled Risks

1. identify the hazard

2.assess the likelihood

3. assess the consequences

4. rate the risk

Classification of risks and examples


Diseases: affect humans, animals & plants

economic perils: currency fluctuations

environment: noise, contamination, pollution

financial: contractual risks, fraud, fines

Human perils: explosions, riots, strikes

Natural perils: climatic conditions, natural disasters

WH&S: inadequate safety measures

product liability: design error

Professional liability: wrong advice, negligence

property damage: Fire, human errors, water damage

public liability: public access, safety

security: vandalism, theft, illegal entry

technology: obsolescence, advances & failure

Undertaking risk assessment

-Compare the risk established with the risk evaluation criteria

-prioritised based on the immediacy for action e.g. short term or long term risks

Risk treatment options (A RAFT)

Avoidance: do not become involved in the risk situation.

Reduction: reduce the likelihood of the risk occurring

Acceptance: accept that the risk is going to happen. Retaining the responsibility for loss

Finance: fund the loss

Transfer: Shift the responsibilty

Risk management plan

-Plan of action to reduce the risks

-vary depending on the nature of the organisation

Should include...

1. Objectives (what is the objective of the risk treatment options?)

2. Equipment and resources (What equipment and resources are involved? and what is seen to be dangerous?)

3. Contingencies ( alternative management strategy)

Evaluation of risk treatment options

-Extent of the risk reduction: How much has the chosen risk treatment option reduced the likelihood of the risk?

-Extent of benefits: Has the risk treatment option been successful?

-Taking into account the risk-evaluation criteria: Based on the risk evaluation criteria suitable to the organisation

Risk treatment plans

-reviewing and monitoring the risk management of an activity, will vary depending on the level of risk involved in the activity.

1. implementation details: how the risk treatment option is going to be applied.

2. Responsibilities: Who will implement the risk management strategies.

3. Schedules: When the task should be completed

4.Expected outcomes: what is predicted to be achieved.

5. Budgeting: financial resources required to implement the plan.

6. performance measure: how the organisation will measure the success of the risk treatment plan.

7. Review process: review the risk through repeating the risk analysis.

Monitoring and reviewing risk management

-to ensure they are effective in preventing risk

-should be completed regularly

-allow responsible parties to review the likelihood and consequences to determine whether the risk treatment options are effective.

-documented and monitored

-communicating information regarding risk treatment through staff meetings, emails, notices and talking.