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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

The Sociological Perspective

1. Seeing the general in the particular


2. Seeing the strange in the familiar


3. Seeing individuality in a social context


4. The importance of global perspective

Benefits of Sociological Perspective

1. Assesses common sense


2. Assesses opportunity and constraints of our lives


3. Empowers us to be active in society


4. Helps us live in diversity

Micro Sociology

Small groups, patterns of social interaction. How each person reads a situation and their individual motivations.

Foundations of sociological theory

A statement of how and why specific facts are related.

Theoretical Aprroach

A basic image of society that guides thinking and research.

Structural functionalists

1. Spencer


2. Compte


3. Durkheim


4. Martin

Conflict theorists

1. Marx


2. Weber


3. Mills

Feminism

Both Macro and Micro.


Focuses on women's lives but does not exclude men.

Post-modernism

Both Macro and Micro.


Topic of power is important


Power permeates all of society

4 Criteria of Causality

1. Correlation


2. Time priority


3. Rationale


4. Nonspuriousness

Advantages of Surveys

1. Reliable


2. Isolates effects of each variable using statistical control. (Construction of questions is incredibly important.


3. Useful for describing a large population.

4 Elements of Culture

1. Shared symbols: means by which we make sense of our lives


2. Language


3. Values


4. Beliefs

Sapir-whorf thesis

We perceive the world through cultural lens of our 1st language.

Mores

Widely observed and moral significant norms. Can be turned into laws.

Folkways

Routine for social interactions

Cooley

The Looking-glass self / Imagine Imagination

The Thomas Theorem

Situations defined as real become real in their consequences.

Dramaturgical Analysis

Goffman: The presentation of self/impression management

Robert Provine

Studied humour.


Speaker laughs more than listeners

Structure

Stable pattern of behaviour in social institutions

Function

Consequences for operation of society as a whole.

Importance of Global Perspective

1. Where we live shapes the lives we lead


2. Societies throughout the world are increasingly interconnected


3. What happens in the world affects life in Canada


4. Many social problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere


5. Thinking globally helps us learn about ourselves.

Gender problems in research

1. Androcentricity


2. Overgeneralizing


3. Gender blindness


4. Double standards


5. Interference

Canadian Values and Beliefs

1. Democracy and human rights


2. Health care and the social safety net


3. Support for the environment


4. Importance of gender and racial equality


5. Value of immigration


6. Support for diversity


7. Free market and property rights

Cultural Integration

The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system

Goffman's 5 types of total institutions

1. Institutions that care for "incapable" or "harmless" people


2. Institutions that care for those who pose and unintended threat to community


3. Institutions that protect the community against those who intent to threaten it


4. Institutions that pursue instrumental tasks


5. Institutions that pursue normative tasks

Mead's Generalized other

Widespread cultural norms and values we use as references in evaluating ourselves.

Ethnomethodology

The study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings

Social construction of reality

The process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction