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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abstraction
an idea disassociated from any specific instance; expresses a quality apart from an object
aesthetic
A guiding principle in matters of artistic beauty and taste; artistic sensibility
allegory
the expression by means of symbolic fictional figures and actions of truths or generalizations about human existence
alliteration
the repetition of the same sound at the beginning of successive words (consonant)
allusion
a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in previous literature or history
ambiguous
a word, phrase, or sentence whose meaning can be interpreted in more than one way
analogy
an extended comparison between two things/instances/people etc. that share some similarity to make a point
anaphora
repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses, sentences, or lines
anastrophe
normal word order is reversed or rearranged
antithesis
the rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangement of words, clauses, or sentences
aphorism
a brief saying embodying a moral, a concise statement of a principle or precept given in pointed words
apostrophe
when an absent person, an abstract concept, or an important object is directly addressed
appositive
a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds but not consonant sounds
asyndeton
conjunctions are omitted, producing a fast-paced and rapid prose
atmosphere
the mood or pervasive feeling insinuated by a literary work
audience
part of your rhetorical situation (speaker, subject, audience); the person or persons to whom comments are directed (affects tone, meaning)
bildungsroman
this genre of literature denotes the story of a single individual's growth and development within the context of a defined social order. The growth process, at its roots a quest story, has been described as both "an apprenticeship to life" and a "search for meaningful existence within society"
cacophony
harsh, discordant sounds. Opposite of euphony.
chiasmus
repetition of ideas in inverted order
climax
writer arranges ideas in the order of importance (not that good of a definition/explanation of this term...)
colloquialism
characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
concrete
opposite of abstract; identifies things perceived through the senses (touch, smell, sight, hearing, and taste), such as soft, stench, red, loud, or bitter
connotation
the set of associations implied by a word in addition to its literal meaning
consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds, but not vowels, as in assonance.
denotation
the literal meaning of a word, the dictionary meaning. Opposite of connotation
detail
think of "The Rattler" (oh no!). The snake "turned a little to watch what I would do." This quote is strictly detail, creating a simple image, with no connotation at all. (Im still waiting for a defintion...)
dialect
a regional variety of language distinguished by features of vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation from other regional varieties and constituting together with them a single language (think Jim in Huck Finn)