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48 Cards in this Set

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route of administration of biologics
injection or infusion
What is the brand name for a biologic used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis?
Enbrel
What is the brand name for etanercept
Enbrel
What is the brand name for a medication that is a synthetic version of a protein developed from the saliva of the Gila monster??
Byetta
What is the brand name for trastuzumab?
Herceptin
What is the brand name for a biologic used for the treatment of breast cancer?
Herceptin
What biologic medication is used for the treatment of diabetes?
Byetta
What is the brand name for quadrivalent HPV Types 6, 11, 16, and 18 recombinant vaccine?
Gardasil
What is the brand name for a biologic vaccine for prevention of cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, genital warts, and various precancerous genital lesions caused by certain types of human papillomavirus
Gardasil
What is the brand name for infliximab?
Remicade
What biologic medication is used for the treatment of Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, plaque psoriasis?
Remicade
What 2 terms refer to products that are claimed to have the same mechanism of action and treat the same clinical indications as the original biologic?
"biosimilar" or "follow-on biologic"
Name 3 follow-on biologics that are marketed in third-world countries and are in development in the US?
erythropoietin, growth hormone, & insulin
What are three classes of commonly used medications that are increasing in popularity and market share?
Biologics (biotics), nutraceuticals, combination drugs
The FDA defines _______________________________ as “therapeutic and diagnostic products that combine drugs, devices, and/or biological products.”
combination drugs
a combination of ezetimibe (brand name Zetia) and the statin drug simvastatin (brand name Zocor), used in the treatment of dyslipidemia
Vytorin
a combination of rosiglitazone (Avandia) and glimepiride (Amaryl), used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Avandaryl
combination of repaglinide (brand name Prandin) and metformin HCl (Fortamet), used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Prandimet
combination of atorvastatin (Lipitor) to treat hypercholesterolemia and amlodipine (Norvasc) to treat hypertension
Caduet
combination of amlodipine (Norvasc) and valsartan (Diovan), used in the treatment of hypertension
Exforge
Which class of medications does not have to be approved by the FDA before marketing?
nutriceuticals
One notable example of a nutraceutical is the use of ______________ in pregnant women to help prevent neural tube defects in the baby
folic acid
Name the nutraceutical:
There is evidence that these fatty acids lower triglycerides, reducing the risk of death, heart attack, dangerous heart rhythms, and strokes in people with known cardiovascular disease & slow the buildup of plaques.
Omega-3
Name the nutraceutical:
microorganisms that may help with digestion and offer protection from harmful bacteria
Probiotics
Name the nutraceutical:
an antioxidant that may help maintain a healthy cardiovascular system
Coenzyme Q10
Name the nutraceutical:
may enhance the immune system, contribute to cardiovascular health, and reduce cancer risk
Antioxidants

vitamin E, vitamin C, beta-carotene, coenzyme Q10
In terms of the FDA, what does NME stand for?
new molecular entity
What is a new molecular entity used to treat schizophrenia?
Latuda
What medication class does Botox belong to?
biologics
Which of the following is responsible for the rise in popularity of combination drugs?
a. Government requirements and restrictions
b. Consumer convenience and safety
c. Manufacturer convenience and safety
d. Electronic health records
b. Consumer convenience and safety
The combination of atorvastatin and amlodipine marketed as which of the following drugs?
A. Jalyn
B. Caduet
C. Advil
D. ASA
B. Caduet
All of the following are considered biologic medications except which answer below?
A. Humulin
B. Enbrel
C. Herceptin
D. Protonix
D. Protonix
What is one of the primary routes of biologic administration?
A. Tablets
B. Topical
C. Injection
D. Inhalation
C. Injection
To what class of medication does Coenzyme Q10 belong?
A. Combination
B. Biosimilar
C. Nutraceutical
D. New molecular entity
C. Nutraceutical
What is the expected result when prescribing probiotics?
a. Lower blood pressure
b. Aid with digestion
c. Treat restless leg syndrome
d. Treat obstructive sleep apnea
b. Aid with digestion
Krystexxa is a new biologic approved by the FDA in 2010. What is the generic name for this drug?
a. Ibuprofen
b. Gardasil
c. Pegloticase
d. Pantoprazole
c. pegloticase
Actemra
tocilizumab

Rheumatoid arthritis

biologic
Ampyra
dalfampridine

multiple sclerosis

NME
Vpriv
velaglucerase alfa

Gaucher disease--a genetic disease in which a fatty substance (lipid) accumulates in cells and certain organs

NME
Xiaflex
Collagenase clostridium histolyticum

Dupuytren contracture

biologic
Asclera
polidocanol

Varicose veins

NME
Carbaglu
carglumic acid

Chronic hyperammonemia

NME
Natazia
estradiol valerate; estradiol valerate dienogest

Oral contraception

NME
Lumizyme
alglucosidase alfa

Pompe disease -- an inherited disorder caused by the buildup of a complex sugar called glycogen in the body's cells. The accumulation of glycogen in certain organs and tissues, especially muscles, impairs their ability to function normally.

biologic
Jevtana Kit
cabazitaxel

Metastatic prostate cancer

NME
Prolia
denosumab

Osteoporosis

biologic
Pradaxa
dabigatran etexilate mesylate

Prevent blood clots and strokes in atrial fibrillation

NME
Dulera
formoterol fumarate; mometasone furoate

Asthma