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324 Cards in this Set

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When you check overrun, you are checking...
a. Excess stock in the storeroom
b. surplus soap and rinse aids in the dishmachine
c. the weight of ice cream
d. the total cost of unexpected meal served
C. the weight of ice cream
What is the process by which the water content of a vegetable is replaced by a concentrated salt solution?
a. gelling
b. osmosis
c. diffusion
d. retrogradation
C. diffusion
Which recipe ingredient should be adjusted in a recipe if a cake has a crunchy crust and compact moist texture?
a. milk
b. flour
c. sugar
d. baking powder
C. sugar
Why do egg whites beat easier at room temperature?
a. the pH is increased
b. the protein is denatured
c. the surface tension is lower
d. the surface tension is higher
C. the surface tension is lower
Which pigment does not change color in a acid or an alkaline solution?
a. anthocyanin
b. chlorophyll
c. carotene
d. flavone
C. Carotene
The end products of cellular oxidation are:
a. water, carbon dioxide, energy
b. carbon hydrogen, nitrogen
c. indigestable fiber, nitrogen,
d. monosaccharides, amino acids, energy
A. water, carbon dioxide, energy
Carbohydrates listed in order of decreasing sweatness:
a. fructose, glucose, sucrose, sorbitol
b. sucrose glucose, fructose, sorbitol,
c. fructose, sucrose, glucose, sorbitol
d. sorbitol, fructose, sucrose, glucose
C. fructose, sucrose, glucose, sorbitol
Which is more costly?
a. fruit packed as "dietetic"
b. fruit packed in its own natural juice
c. fruit packed in light syrup
d. fruit packed in heavy syrup
a. fruit packed as "dietetic"
A group of rats being fed gelatin as the sole protein source were not growing well. What was the likely reason?
a. gelatin has to tryptophan, and is low in methionine and lysine
b. gelatin has no methionine, and is low in in tryptophan
c. gelatin has no lysine or methionine, and is low in tryptophan
d. gelatin has no arginine
a. gelatin has to tryptophan, and is low in methionine and lysine
How can you decrease the cholesterol in a recipe?
I. use skim milk II. Use margarine III. Use egg substitute
a. I, II
b. I, II, III
c. II, III
d. III
B. I, II, III
If you replace half and half with whipping cream in ice cream, the effects on the ice crystals will be:
a. an increase in size because there is less fat
b. a decrease in size because there is more fat
c. no change because homogenization decreases the effect of fat
d. an increase in size because there is more fat
B. a decrease in size because there is more fat
Fat produces more calories than carbohydrate when oxidized because:
a. fat has more carbon and hydrogen in relation to oxygen
b. fat has less carbon and hydrogen in relation to oxygen
c. fat is larger molecule
d. fat is smaller molecule
A. Fat has more carbon and hydrogen in relation to oxygen
Research has shown that neural tube defects can be reduced with proper supplementation of:
a. iron
b. folic acid
c. gluatmine
d. arginine
B. folic acid
The best laboratory value to use in assessing iron status is:
a. hemoglobin
b. hematocrit
c. ferritin
d. serum iron
C. ferritin
Which is the best flour when making cakes?
a. graham flour
b. all-purpose flour
c. Whole wheat flour
d. Durum flour
B. all purpose flour
Where is lactose absorbed?
a. small intenstine
b. stomach
c. pancreas
d. liver
a. small intestine
Considering the following smoke points of various fats, which would be the best to use for frying?
a. 300° F
b. 325° F
c. 375° F
d. 400° F
D. 400° F
Which minerals are involved in carbohydrate metabolism?
a. cobalt, zinc
b. chromium, zinc
c. copper, chromium
d. iron, zinc
B. chromium, zinc
Acidic Chyme becomes neutralized in the duodenum by:
a. mixing with bicarbonate and fluids
b. mixing with intestinal enzymes
c. mixing with sodium and potassium
d. mixing with bile
A. mixing with bicarbonate and fluids
The colon functions in the absorption of:
a. amino acids, fatty acids
b. unsaturated fatty acids, electrolytes
c. water, salts, vitamin K, thiamin, riboflavin
d. glucose, fatty acids
C. water, salts, vitamin K, thiamin, riboflavin
To prevent frozen gravy from separating when thawed..
a. reheat slowly and stir constantly
b. thaw it before heating and stir constantly
c. prepare it with modified starch
d. cook it longer before freezing to stabilize the gravy
C. prepare it with modified starch
How much fluid is lost through insensible losses?
a. 0.5 liters
b. 1 liter
c. 2 liters
d. 3-4 liters
B. 1 liter
One of the amino acids that cannot be made in the body is
a. alanine
b. glycine
c. tyrosine
d. tryptophan
D. tryptopohan
The following is an irreversible reaction:
a. pyruvic acid into lactic acid
b. pyruvic acid into acetyl CoA
c. Glucose-6 phosphate into glycogen
d. glucose-6-phosphate into pyruvate
B. pyruvic acid into acetyl CoA
Riboflavin, thiamin and niacin are all involved in:
A. metabolism of carbohydrate
B. metabolism of fat
C. metabolism of protein
D. metabolism of amino acid
A. metabolism of carbohydrate
An increased plasma pyruvate level is an indication of:
a. iron deficiency
b. riboflavin deficiency
c. excess carbohydrate ingestion
d. thiamin deficiency
D. thiamin deficiency
Which of the following stabilizes an egg white foam:
a. an acid
b. water
c. flour
d. salt
a. an acid
Winterized oil is:
a. cloudy when refrigerated
b. clear when refrigerated
c. cloudy when stored for long periods of time
d. clear if only kept at room temperature
b. clear when refrigerated
What may cause EKG abnormalities:
a. high serum potassium level
b. low serum potassium level
c. low serum sodium level
d. high serum sodium level
a. high serum potassium level
In the fed state, the brain uses which nutrient as a source of energy:
a fatty acid
b. lactic acid
c. glucose
d. ketone bodies
c. glucose
In starvation, the brain uses which nutrients as an energy source?
a. fatty acids
b. lactic acid
c. glucose
d. ketone bodies
D. ketone bodies
Gluconeogenesis is the:
A. catabolism of carbohydrate
B. creation of glucose from glycerol and amino acids
C. breakdown of glycogen to release glucose
D. creation of glycogen
B. creation of glucose from glycerol and amino acids
Glycolysis is the:
A. catabolism of carbohydrate
B. creation of glucose from glycerol and amino acids
C. breakdown of glycogen to release glucose
D. creation of glycogen
A. catabolism of carbohydrate
Glycogenolysis is the:
A. catabolism of carbohydrate
B. creation of glucose from glycerol and amino acids
C. breakdown of glycogen to release glucose
D. creation of glycogen
C. breakdown of glycogen to release glucose
The following statements pertain to glycolysis:
I. catabolism of carbohydrates
II. end product is pyruvic acid
III. metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids and pyruvic acid
I & II

I. catabolism of carbohydrates
II. end product is pyruvic acid
Protein-bound iodine (PBI) measures:
I. thyroid acitivity
II. energy metabolism
III. level of thyroxine produced
IV. Nutritional status
I, II & III

I. thyroid acitivity
II. energy metabolism
III. level of thyroxine produced
Which of the following pertains to epinephrine:
I. lowers blood sugar
II. raises blood sugar
III. stimulates glycogenolysis
IV. is secreted fromt he pituitary gland
V. is secreted from the adrenal gland.
II, III, & V

II. raises blood sugar
III. stimulates glycogenolysis
V. is secreted from the adrenal gland.
a provitamin is a:
a nutrient that can be converted into a vitamin
b. a vitamin that can be converted intoa nutrient
c. the endogenous form of the vitamin
d. a professional vitamin
A. a nutrient that can be converted into a vitamin
The formula for producing the active form of Vitamin D:
A. vitamin D3 → 7 dehydrocholesterol
B. ergosterol → calciferol
C. cholesterol → calciferol
D. 7 dehydrocholesterol → cholecalciferol
D. 7 dehydrocholesterol → cholecalciferol
In the human, Vitamin K is affected by:
I mineral oil; II. anticoagulants; III. antibiotics
I, II & III

I. mineral oil
II. anticoagulants
III. antibiotics
which hormone regulates calcium levels in the body?
A. insulin
B. thyroid
C. parathyroid
D. aldosterone
C. parathryoid
Pyridoxine acts as a coenzyme in:
A. iron transfer
B. deamination and transamination
C. fat transfer through the lymph system
D. osmotic pressure of body fluids
B. deamination and transamination
Which of the following are synthesized in part by intestinal bacteria.
A. biotin, pantothenic acid, vitamin K
B. vitamin E, Vitamin K, biotin
C. pyridoxine, vitamin E
D. ascorbic acid, pyridoxine, vitamin K
A. biotin, pantothenic acid, vitamin K
Ascorbic acid aids in would healing. Which of the following applies:
A. collagen → hydroxyproline
B. proline → hydroxyproline → collagen
C. hydroxyproline → proline → collagen
D. hydroxyproline → collagen
B. proline → hydroxyproline → collagen
Biotin is considered a coenzyme in the synthesis of:
A. protein
B. carbohydrate
C. glyogen
D. fatty Acids
D. fatty acids
Food iron is in the ______ form.
A. ferric
B. ferritin
C. transferrin
D. ferrous
ferric
Food iron is reduced in the stomach to the more absorbable _____ form.
A. ferric
B. ferrous
C. transferrin
D. ferritin
ferrous
When taking an iron supplement which would aid absorption?
I. Orange Juice
II. egg
III. hamburger
IV. cow's milk
I & III

Orange Juice and Hamburger
Bile is produced in the ____ and stored in the ____.
Bile is produced in the LIVER and stored in the GALLBLADDER.
cholecystokinin causes:
A. contraction of the gallbladder
B. peristalsis
C. secreation of pancreatic Juices
D. contration of the liver
A. contraction of the gallbladder
Which enyzmes are involved in protein digestion?
A ptyalin, lipase, sucrase
B. Amylase, lipase, trypsin,
C. pepsin, trypsin, chymotrypsin, carboxypeptidase
D. trypsin, lipase and amylase
C. pepsin, trypsin, chymotrypsin, carboxypeptidase
Protein digestion begins in the
A. mouth
B. stomach
C. small intestine
D. ileum
B. stomach
Lactase is made in the ______.
small intestine
Which enzymes are secreted by the pancreas?
A. amylase, lipase, cholesterol, esterase, trypsin, chymotrypsin, carboxypeptidase
B. sucrase, maltase, lactase, lecithinase, aminopeptidase
C. ptyalin
D. aminopeptidase, dipeptidase
A. amylase, lipase, cholesterol, esterase, trypsin, chymotrypsin, carboxypeptidase
Which conversion requires glucose-6-phosphatase?
A. glucose → liver glycogen
B. glucose → pyruvic acid
C. pyruvic acid → lactic acid
D. liver glycogen → glucose
D. liver glycogen → glucose
NADPH is:
I. produced in the pentose shunt
II. essential for the synthesis of fatty acids
III. a substance whose production requires niacin
I, II & III

I. produced in the pentose shunt
II. essential for the synthesis of fatty acids
III. a substance whose production requires niacin
The following are required for the conversion of pyruvic acid into active acetate:
A. thiamin, NAD, oxaloacetic acid
B. oxygen, coenzyme A, vitamin E
C. thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, coenzyme A, NAD
D coenzyme A, oxaloacetate, citric acid
C. thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, coenzyme A, NAD
Which vitamin acts as a coenzyme in transamination?
A. pyridoxine
B thiamin
C. riboflavin
D. B12
A. pyridxoine
Glucocorticoids are:
A thyroid hormones
B. pituitary hormones
C. adrenal hormones
D. parathyroid hormones
C. adrenal hormones
Glucocorticoids;
A. convert glucose into protein
B. convert fatty acids into glucose
C. convert glucose into fat
D. convert protein into glucose
D. Convert protein into glucose
Fats enter the blood as ______ and leave the liver as ______.
Fats enter the blood as CHYLOMICRONS and leave the liver as LIPOPROTEINS.
the oxidation of fatty acids forms:
A. acetyl CoA
B. pyruvic acid
C. lactic acid
D. oxaloacetate
A. acetyl CoA
Pantothenic acid, thiamin, riboflavin and niacin are all involved in:
A. converting pyruvate into acetyl CoA
B. converting tyrosine into phenylalanine
C. converting glycogen into glucose
D. converting lactic acid into oxaloacetate
A. converting pyruvate into acetyl CoA
Which of the following can be reversed with vitamin A?
A. xerophthalmia
B. nyctalopia
C. Wilson's disease
D. homocysteinuria
B. nyctalopia
Fresh meat contamination comes mianly from:
A. botulism
B. staphylococcus
C. clostridium
D. salmonella
D. salmonella
Which of the following amino acids must be present in a parenteral solution:
A. valine, leucine, glycine, alanine
B. tryptophan, phenylalanine, threonine, isoleucine
C. phenylalanine, methionine, arginine, tyrosine,
D. lysine, glutamic acid, alanine, glycine
B. tryptophan, phenylalanine, threonine, isoleucine
The absorption of iron is enhanced by:
A. acidic chyme in the duodenum
B. the alkalinity of the duodenum
C. oxalates and phytates
D. the absence of ascorbic acid
A. acidic chyme in the duodenum
Which of the following inhibits gluconeogenesis?
A. glycogen
B. insulin
C. catecholamines
D. glucocorticoids
B. insulin
Which has the lowest cholesterol content?
A. peanut butter and crackers
B. yogurt with fruit
C. choclate cake
D. roast beef sandwich
A. peanut butter and crackers
What is the difference between cake and bread flour?
A. cake flour has less gluten, weaker gluten, less protein
B. bread flour has less gluten, weaker gluten less protein
C. Cake flour has weaker gluten, but has more protein
D. bread flour has stronger gluten and less protein
A. cake flour has less gluten, weaker gluten, less protein
Vitamin A is responsible for:
A. groth and development
B. blood clotting
C. growth of bones and teeth
D. Development of tissue and skin
D. development of tissue and skin
A patient with metabolic alkalosis would have
A. excess excretion of base through the kidneys
B. retention of base by the lungs
C. excretion of base by the lungs
D. retention of base by the kidneys
D. retention of base by the kidneys
Which foods should be washed just before serving?
A. plum, grapes
B. peach, carrots
C. strawberry, mushroom
D. apple, celery
C. strawberry, mushroom
Which government agency inspects and grades meat?
A. FDA
B. DHHS
C. USDA
D. Department of Commerce
C. USDA
If linoleic acid replaces carbohydrates in the diet:
a. LDL decreases, HDL decreases
b. LDL and HDL decrease
c. LDL and HDL increase
d. LDL increases, HDL decreases
a. LDL decreases, HDL decreases
Which is not absorbed directly into the portal blood?
A. monosaccharides
B. amino acids
C. medium chain fatty acids
D. long chain fatty acids
D. long chain fatty acids
WHen subsituting buttermilk for whole milk in pastry:
A. decrease the liquid
B. increase the baking soda
C. use additional butter as a plastic fat
D. increase the liquid
B. increase the baking soda
Ground meat will spoil faster tha nsliced meat because:
A. it has more enzyme activity
B. it has more fat
C. more surface area is exposed
D. it has less fat
C. more surface area is exposed
Evaporated milk has:
A. slightly more than half of the water removed
B. sugar added
C. a fat content of 3-6%
D. the lactose removed
A. slightly more than half of the water removed
Ketones are most associated with:
A. complex carbohydrates
B. simples sugars
C. fats
D. amino acids
C. fats
Which best describes sorbitol and glucose?
A. sorbitol is sweeter ant glucose
B. they each provide 7 caloreis per gram
C. sorbitol is absorbed more slowly
D. they both metabolize into glucose
C. sorbitol is absorbed more slowly
What causes egg yolk color to change?
A. alteration of the feed provided
B. storage length
C. shell color
D. storage color
A. alteration of the feed provided
Which data is needed to convert weight to volume?
A. mass
B. temperature
C. specific gravity
D. pH
C. specific gravity
The tartness in fruits and vegetables is due to:
A. flavones
b. chlorophyll
C. anthoxanthins
d. tannins
D. tannins
When a white sauce tastes starchy and grainy, the likely cause is:
A. too much starch in the recipe
B. improper proportions of the ingredients
C. the starch was added before the fat melted
D. uncooked flour
D. uncooked flour
The scientific process by which water makes lettuce crisp is
A. osmotic pressure
B. diffusion
C. transaminatoin
D. water active diffusion
A. osmotic pressure
Four hours after dining in a restauarant you develop nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, but no fever. The cause may be:
A. staphylococcus aureus
B. clostridium botulinum
C. clostridium perfringens
D. streptococcus
A. staphylococcus aureus
Which hormone grealty influences the BMR?
A. the endocrine hormone
B. thyroxine
C. the growth hormone
D. insulin
B. Thyroxine
If linoleic acid replaces saturated fat in the diet:
A. total cholesterol including HDL decrease
B. HDL increases
C. LDL increases
D. no change in lipid levels
A. total cholesterol including HDL decrease
Which oil is the highest in monounsaturated fatty acids?
A. olive
B. canola.
C. peanut
D. sunflower
A. olive
Which oil is the highest in saturated fat?
A. coconut
B. palm
C. cocoa butter
D. butter
A. coconut
Which of the following may result in metabolic acidosis?
A. decreased retention of bicarbonate
B. decreased retention of hydrogen
C. decreased retention of chloride
D. increased retention of bicarbonate
A. decreased retention of bicarbonate
A high protein diet increases the need for:
A. riboflavin and water
B. thimain
C. water
D. ascorbic acid
A. riboflavin and water
Dry heat cookery should be used for which cut of meat?
A. shoulder
B. neck
C. brisket
D. near the backbone
D. near the backbone
What color do onions when cooked in an aluminum pan?
a. purple
b. blue
c. red
d. yellow
d. yellow
Which cooking method would best convert collagen to gelatin in a bottom round roast?
A. grilling it to medium rare
B. braising
C. broiling
D. searing
B. braising
Which method of bread-making is not as dependent on the length of time the dough sits to rise?
A. straight dough method
B. sponge dough method
C. continous method
D. prime bake method
C. continous method
Which nutrient is added for flour enrichment
A. vitamin A
B. iodine
C. fluorine
D. iron
D. iron
What does the term "USDA graded" on meat tell the consumer?
A. it assures wholesomeness
B. it was free of disease at the time of slaughter
C. the meat is fit for human consumptions
D. it defines quality.
D. it defines quality
A cake with a fallen center may be the result of:
A. too little fat
B. too little sugar
C. excess sugar and excess fat
D. too little baking powder
C. excess sugar and excess fat
Which of the following has the least amount of saturated fat?
A. 2% milk
B. half and half
C non-dairy creamer
D. evaporated skim milk
D. evaporated SKIM milk
Coarse texture in a cake is due to:
A. too little baking powder
B. over-mixing
C. too much baking powder or sugar
D. oven temperature too high
C. too much baking powder or sugar
Nitorgen equilibrium is associated with:
A. a 25 year old pregnant female
B. a 25 year old male
C. a 15 year old girl
D. a 4 year old child
B. a 25 year old male
Children's diets are found to be low in iron due to emphasis on:
A. vegetables
B. milk
C. fruits
D. cereals
B. milk
Which mineral is involved in blood clotting:
A. calcium
B. phosphorus
C. iron
D. selenium
A. calcium
Which of the following is true regarding flour?
A. all -purpose flour is made form soft wheat
B. all-purpose flour has more protein than bread flour
C. cake flour has the least and weakest gluten
D. cake flour has less starch than bread flour
C. cake flour has the least and weakest gluten
The main function of glycolysis is to provide:
A. pyruvate for the TCA cycle
B. lactic acid for energy use by muscles
C. muscle and liver glycogen
D. a substrate for the Cori cycle
A. pyruvate for the TCA cycle
Food service employees should wash their hands for at least:
a 30 seconds
b. 25 seconds
c. 20 seconds
d. 15 seconds
C. 20 seconds
Metabolites of the Kreb's cycle are:
A. water, energy, carbon dioxide
B. energy and pyruvic acid
C. electrolytes and water
D. lactic acid and glycogen
A. water, energy, carbon dioxide
Meat graded "US Standard" is the grade given at the:
A. time of purchase
B. time of delivery
C. storage facility
D. time of slaughter
D. time of slaughter
Which of the following substitutions will most decrease the sodium content of a biscuit?
I. low sodium milk for whole milk
II. egg substitute for egg
III. low sodium baking powder
A. I
B. I, II
C. all of the above
D. I, III
D. I, III
Which pasta contains egg?
A. noodles
B. spaghetti
C. macaroni
D. linguini
A. noodles
A patient who is iron-deficient should consume _____ with a good iron source.
A. apple juice
B. orange juice
C. milk
D. cheese
B. orange juice
A serum sodium level of 150 mEq/L indicates:
A. sepsis
B. dehydration
C. hypertension
D. hyperglycemia
B. dehydration
Cabbage should be cooked:
A. covered
B. in small amount of wwater
C. in a large quantity of water
D. covered in a small amount of water
C. in a large quantity of water
To decrease sodium intake, substitute:
A. carrots for celery
B. unsalted margarine for regular margarine
C. diet margarine for regular margarine
D. carrots for pepper
B. unsalted margarine for regular margarine
Apples stored in a controlled environment would:
A. ripen quickly
B. last one to two years
C. have extended life and improved marketing quality
D. only be used as a processed food
C. have extended life and improved marketing quality
The following oils can be winterized:
A. corn, soy, cottonseed
B. olive, corn, soy
C. cottonseed, olive
D. olive, corn
A. corn, soy, cottonseed
Which would you give to a person who is mildly hypokalemic:
A. 1 cup blueberries
B. 1 cup cranberries
C. 1/2 cup applesauce
D. 1 piece cantaloupe
D. 1 piece cantaloupe
A serum sodium level of 150 mEq/L is a sign of:
A. a very high sodium intake
B. a very low sodium intake
C. hyponatremia
D. hypernatremia
D. hypernatremia
To increase potassium intake, consume a snack of:
A. cheese and crackers, plums, cranberry juice
B. a bagel, milk and an apple
C. a grilled cheese and tomato sandwich and strawberries
D. tuna salad, a wheat roll and cola
C. a grilled cheese and tomato sandwich and strawberries
If protein intake is doubled, which nutrient needs to be increased:
A. pyridoxine
B. folic acid
C. niacin
D. vitmain C
A. pyridoxine
Illness due to Bacillus Cereus is due to contaminated:
A. rice products and starchy foods
B. fruits
C. dairy products
D. eggs
A. rice products and starchy foods
The cori cycle converts:
A. glucose tinto galatctose
B. lactate into pyruvate
C. lactic acid into glycogen
D. glycogen into glucose
B. lactate into pyruvate
Fats high in monounstaruted fatty acids include:
A. olive and canola
B. safflower and corn
C. coconut and palm
D. soy and peanut
A. olive and canola
Fats high in polyunsaturated fatty acids include:
a. olive and canola
b. safflower and corn
c. coconut and palm
d. soy and peanut
b. safflower and corn
Green beans cooked in tomato sauce turn ___ due to ____.
A. bright green ; chlorophyllin
B. olive green; pheophytin
C. brown; carotenoids
D. black anthoxanthins
B. olive green; pheophytin
If you are on a low phosphorous diet, what food shoud you most avoid?
A. beef.
B. orange juice
C. yogurt
D. bread
A. beef
a 5 month old is diagnosed with salmonella. What is likely the cause?
A. fruit juice
B. milk
C. table food
D. evaporated milk
C. table food
An 8 month old baby contracts botulism. What is the likely cause?
A. cereal and evaporated milk
B. cereal and honey
C. cereal and table food
D. ceral and fruit juice
B. Cereal and Honey
Which is the best source of emulsification
A. eggs
B. milk
C. salt
D. flour
A. eggs
The kidneys respond to respiratory acidosis by:
A. increasing the secretion of magnesium
B. Exchanging sodium for calcium
C. Increasing the retention of bicarbonate
D. Exchanging potassium for hydrogen
C. increasing the retention of bicarbonate
A serum sodium level of 160 mEq/L may be due to:
A. an increase in the intake of sodium-rich foods
B. Decrease steroid formation
C. an increased level of aldosterone
D. a decrease in the intake of sodium-rich foods
C. an increased level of aldosterone
Green peas held on the serving line may turn olive green due to:
a. pheophytin
b. chlofophyllin
c. anthoxanthins
d. flavones
A. pheophytin
In cereal production enrichment adds:
a. vitamin A
b. Vitamin D
c. Iron
d. Iodine
C. iron
Cured meat is pink due to:
A. sugar
B. salt
C. vinegar
D. nitrites
D. nitrites
A serum sodium level of 115 mEq/L may be due to:
a. overhydration
b. dehydration
c. a very high sodium intake
d. a sodium intake of 5.5 grams per day
A. overhydration
Butter has fatty acids in this order predominance
A. PUFA, MUFA, SFA
B. SAT, MUFA, PUFA
C. MUFA, SAT, PUFA
D. MUFA, PUFA, SAT
B. Sat, MUFA, PUFA
Margarine has fatty acids in this order of predominance
A. PUFA, MUFA, SFA
B. SAT, MUFA, PUFA
C. MUFA, SAT, PUFA
D. MUFA, PUFA, SAT
A. PUFA, MUFA, Sat
Lactic acid is produced by:
A. glycolysis
B. gluconeogeneisis
C. glycogeneisis
D. lactolysis
A. glycolysis
Which of the following amino acids is a precursor for serotonin?
A. phenylalanine
B. Methionine
C. Tryptophan
D. tyrosine
C. tryptophan
When on Dicumarol, avoid increasing your intake of:
A. spinach
B. beets
C. corn
D. beef
A. spinach
Food was held at 70F for a long time in anaerobic conditions. Eight hours after eating it you became ill. What is the culprit?
A. salmonella
B. Staphyloccus
C. Clostridium perfringens
D. Campylobacer jejuni
C. Clostridium perfringens
Energy expenditure of humans can be measured by:
A. heat intake
B. good intake
C. nitrogen output
D. oxygen consumption
D. oxygen consumption
Gastric proteoloysis requires
a. pyridoxine
b. ascorbic acid
c. hydrochloric acid
d. the intrinsic factor
c. hydrochloric acid
Sorbitol is:
a. is less sweet than sucrose and has a lower glycemic index than sucrose
b. is less sweet than sucrose and has a higher glycemic index than sucrose
c. is sweeter than sucrose
d. is sweeter than sucrose and has a lower glycemic response than sucrose
a. is less sweet than sucrose and has a lower glycemic index than sucrose
Sorbitol is:
a. less sweet than sucrose and has a lower glycemic index than sucrose
b. less sweet than sucrose and has a slighly higer glycemic index than sucrose
c. sweeter than sucrose
d. sweeter than sucrose and has a lower glycemic response than sucrose
a. less sweet than sucrose and has a lower glycemic index than sucrose
Which mineral is absorbed through the intestine and transported with ceruloplasmin in the blood?
A. copper
B. iodine
C. sodium
D. calcium
A. copper
The schilling test detects defects in the absorption of :
A. folic acid
B. Cyancobalamin
C. Pyridoxine
D. iron
B. Cyancobalamin
Which of the following should be avoided on a low sodium diet?
a. pork loin
b. turkey roll
c. beef sirloin
d. lamb chop
B. turkey roll
What is the effect of excess caffeine intake:
a. insomnia
b. nausea
c. bloating.
d. Weight gain
A. insomnia
The toxic level of vitamin A has been identified as
A. 5000 IU
B. 10000 IU
C. 15000 IU
D. 20000 IU
B. 10000 IU
The best way to prevent the spread of food-borne illness is to:
a. wash hands regualrlary
b. cook all foods thoroughly
c. purchase food from trusted vendors
d. prepare food shortly before serving
A. wash hands regularly
The amino acid tryptophan can be converted into:
a. serotonin
b. catecholamines
c. phenylalanine
d. tyrosine
a. serotonin
A muffin has long tunnels from top to bottom. Next time you make this recipe you should:
a. add more baking soda
b. avoid over-mixing the batter
c. add less butter
d. cook it for a shorter time
b. avoid over-mixing the batter
prevention of an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes requires special care because
a. it is insensititve to light
b. it is sensitive to a low temperatures
c. of it’s ability to grow at temps at 34 – 113 F
d. of its ability to grow at temps of 140 – 160 F
c. of it’s ability to grow at temps at 34 – 113 F
Phenylalanine is a precursor for:
a. Serotonin
b. Catecholamines
c. Tryptophan
d. Tyrosine
d. Tyrosine
A cutting board was used to cut up raw chicken. It was then used to cut up raw vegetables. Guests eating the meal became ill most likely from:
a. clostridium botulinum
b. Clostridium perfingens
c. salmonella
d. streptoccus
c. salmonella
Decreased levels of serotonin are associated with
a. decrease in carbohydrate appeitte
b. increase in carbohydrate appetite
c. decrased sensation of taste
d. increased sensation of taste
b. increase in carbohydrate appetitie
Carbohydrate, fat and protein are all converted into:
a. pyruvic acid
b. acetyl CoA
c. oxaloacetic acid
d. ketoglutamic acid
b. acetyl CoA
If energy needs increased, which vitamins are needed in higher amounts?
A. A, C, folate
B. A, C, thiamin
C. Thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid
D. Pyridoxine, cyancobalamin
C. Thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid
How many mEq sodium are in 1 gram of sodium?
a. 25
b. 43
c. 65
d. 110
b. 43
How can you preserve thiamin when cooking pork?
a. use the drippings after the fat has been removed
b. insert a meat thermometer and cook it to 170F in an oven at 325°
c. Increase the cooking temperature to lessen cooking time
d. Add a small quantitiy of water during cooking
b. insert a meat thermometer and cook it to 170F in an oven at 325°
A good source of vitamin A for pre-school children would be.
a. grapes
b. watermeolon
c. cantaloupe pieces
d. banana
c. cantaloupe pieces
Which amino acid is especially glucogenic
a. alanine
b. threonine
c. valine
d. methioinine
A. alanine
if a carbohydrate intake is increased, which vitamin needs to be increased?
a. thiamin
b. niacin
c. riboflavin
d. pyridoxine
A. thiamin
The rate of oxidation of which branched-chain amino acid increases significantly during the moderate exercise?
a. leucine
b. phenylalanine
c. tyrosine
d. threonine
a. leucine
what should you do with leftover sliced beef from lunch?
a. throw it out
b. let the meat cool at room temperature and then serve within two days
c. refrigerate immediately and then serve within two days
d. Keep it in the warmer until dinner time
c. refrigerate immediately and then serve within two days
A food is bacteria-safe if it is:
a. neutral and moist
b. neutral and dry
c. acidic and dry
d. acidic and moist
c. acidic and dry
French fries made from stored potatoes would have changes in:
I. taste II. Appearance III. Texture

A. I, II, III
B. II, III
C. I
D. I, III
Taste, Appearance & Texture
What percent of protein and fat converts to glucose?
a. 58% protein & 10% fat
b. 10% protein & 60% fat
c. 30% protein & 30% fat
d. 20% protein & 40% fat
a. 58% protein & 10% fat
Excess amonts of zinc may lead to deficiency of:
a. copper
b. magnesium
c. iron
d. cobalt
A. copper
When adding bran to a flour mixture, what should be changed?
a. baking temperature
b. Increase the fat and liquid
c. increase oxidizing agent
d. increase the flour and liquid
d. increase the flour and liquid
Glycerol, amino acid and free fatty acids will have what effect on the hypothalamus gland?
a. an increase in satiety
b. a decrease in satiety
c. an increased activity level
d. increased lethargy
b. a decrease in satiety
Which of the following is a digestive enzymes secreted by the pancrease?
a. pepsin
b. amylase
c. lactase
d. maltase
B. amylase
Clostridum perfringens is often found in:
a. meat and gravied mixtures in large quantities
b. fresh fruits and vegetables
c. dairy mixtures
d. uncured cheeses
a. meat and gravied mixtures in large quantities
Salmonella sources are often:
a. reheated foods
b. starchy foods and mixtures like casseroles
c. cooled slowly and reheated foods
d. raw produce and uncooked foods of animal origin
d. raw produce and uncooked foods of animal origin
What is fortified with folic acid?
a. skim milk
b. cornmeal
c. orange juice
d. canned vegetables
b. cornmeal
Pie crust is moist the day after cooking. Why?
a. overcooking of the crust
b. retrogradation
c. too much egg in the recipe
d. inadequate flour
b. retrogradation
What is the main purpose of water in the body?
a. it acts as a medium for cell metabolism
b. it helps transport calcium through cell membranes
c. it maintains electrolyte balance
d. to maintain body temperature
a. it acts as a medium for cell metabolism
What is fluid seeping from a congealed product called?
a. retrogradation
b. syneresis
c. coagulation
d. gelatinization
b. syneresis
Which of the following is a common cause of salmonella in a salad bar?
a. fresh fruit
b. egg salad
c. lettuce and tomatoes
d. pickles
b. egg salad
Which food-borne pathogen would most likely contaminate cooked rice or pasta in open pans at room temperature?
a. clostridium pefringens
b. bacillus cereus
c. staphylococcus, bacilius cereus
d. Campylobacter jejuni, Bacillus cereus
b. bacillus cereus
Frozen chicken thawed in warm water. You should:
a. prepare it immediately
b. discard it
c. refreeze it
d. refrigerate it
b. discard it
When substituting butter for lard in pastry
a. use the same amount
b. use less
c. use more
d. use less and decrease the water content
c. use more
The purpose of an emulsifier in margarine is to:
a. keep water and fat from separating
b. keep water and fat separated
c. sustain the natural flavor of the ingredients
d. retain the color
a. keep water and fat from separating
Which of the following must be reduced to simpler components before it can be transported across epithetlial cells of the intestine?
a. dipeptides
b. whey
c. casein hydrolysate
d. crystalline amino acids
b. whey
Adding bran to a bread recipe will:
a. increase the volume
b. decrease the volume
c. require an increase in oven temperature
d. require a decrease in oven temperature
b. decrease the volume
an angel food cake is made without cream of tartar. What is the result?
a. a yellow cake
b. a bright white cake
c. a cake with large volume
d. very tender cake
a. a yellow cake
all baking powders contain:
a. sodium bicarbonate
b. tartrate
c. phosphate
d. acetate
a. sodium bicarbonate
Beef bottom round should be cooked:
a. at a high temperature for a short time
b. in water for an extended time
c. in dry heat
d. in moist heat for a short time
b. in water for an extended time
Which of the following combines with CoA in two carbon fragments to make acetyl CoA to then enter the Kreb's cycle to make acetyl CoA to then enter the Kreb's cycle to make energy?

a. lactic acid
b. fatty acids
c. glucose
d. fructose
b. fatty acids
What is the best way to cook a roast?
a. sear the meat first, roast at 400 F
b. cook slowly in the oven at 325 F
c. cook it at 400 F for 10 minutes than at 350 F
d. brown the meat, then cook it at 350 F
b. cook slowly in the oven at 325 F
A #10 can holds how many cups?
a. 10
b. 11
c. 13
d. 15
c. 13
which of the following has the most bacteria?
a. roast chicken
b. ground beef
c. roast veal
d. roast pork
b. ground beef
what is the product of pyruvate breakdown
a. acetyl CoA
b. glycogen
c. NADPH
d. Glucose-6-phosphate
a. acetyl CoA
Which of the following is true?
a. fructose has sucrose
b. fructose is less concentrated than glucose
c. fructose takes longer to digest than glucose
d. fructose is sweeter than glucose
d. fructose is sweeter than glucose
which of the following is correct?
a. glucose is less sweet than sucrose
b. lactose is sweeter than glucose
c. glucose is sweeter than fructose
d. lactose is sweeter than fructose
a. glucose is less sweet than sucrose
Which of the following is a grade for fresh produce?
A. US select
B. US Grade A
C. US NO. 1
D. US Standard
C. US NO. 1
Which most likely to be a cause of salmonella
a. fresh fruit salad
b. canned fruit salad
c. Caesar salad
d. Avocado salad
c. Caesar salad
What gives the structure to quick breads
a. flour and milk
b. flour and water
c. egg and flour
d. egg
c. egg and flour
When taking an anticoagulant, avoid the following:
a. thiamin supplements
b. vitamin E supplements above 400 IU per day
c. supplements of calcium and vitamin D
d. niacin supplements
b. vitamin E supplements above 400 IU per day
What is a function of cream tartar in a recipe
A. prevents the maillard reaction
B. enhances the maillard reaction
C. increases the alkalinity allowing for better leavening
D. enhances gelation
A. prevents the maillard reaction
The flour with the most starch is
a. cake
b. whole wheat
c. instantized
d. durum
a. cake
Salmonella contamination in a foodservice can be best controlled by focus in
a. meat delivery procedures
b. sanitizing of the meat slicer
c. serving less meat
d. meat storage procedures
b. sanitizing of the meat slicer
Homemade rolls are crumbly and fall apart easily. The most likely cause of the poor texture in the yeast bread is:
a. use of a high-protein flour
b. use of a lower-protein flour
c. insufficient proofing time
d. excessive proofing time
b. use of a lower-protein flour
According to Chinese beliefs, foods and herbs that may be used to treat illnesses are grouped as:
a. yin (bright,hot) / yang (dark, cold)
b. yin (dark, cold) / yang (bright, hot)
c. action / maintenance
d. harmful / beneficial
b. yin (dark, cold) / yang (bright, hot)
A commercial muffin mix is described as a “rich formula” which means it contains:
a. high proportion of sugar and shortening
b. high-fructose corn syrup instead of crystalline sugar
c. high amounts of whey instead of nonfat dry milk solids
d. more chemical leavening than used in a “lean formula”
a. high proportion of sugar and shortening
The greatest effect on the yield of meat cooked to a uniform internal temperature is produced by the:
a. type of oven and source of the heat
b. weight of meat and the oven load
c. degree of tempering and the grade of meat
d. cooking time and the oven temperature
d. cooking time and the oven temperature
The most likely source of of Clostridium perfringens is:
a. egg
b. meat
c. fruit
d. vegetable
b. meat
Which of the following will stabilize the egg in a recipe?
a. a base
b. an acid
c. sugar
d. salt
b. an acid
A natural plant hormone that is used to ripen fruits is:
a. methanol
b. ethylene
c. acetyl acid
d. ethanol
b. ethylene
Aseptically packaged milk should be stored:
a. in dry storage
b. in the freigerator
c. in the freezer
d. below 40 degrees
a. in dry storage
which of the following has a slow onset and is anaerobic?
a. staphylococcus auerus
b. clostridium perfringens
c. clostridium botulinum
d. salmonella
c. clostridium botulinum
a frozen meal contains steak, mashed potatoes, BHA, BHT, and TVP. The TVP is used to:
a. add color
b. improve taste
c. retain water and add protein
d. act as an emulsifier
c. retain water and add protein
If broccoli in a vegetable mixture turns olive green during holding, it may be due to:
a. lemon juice
b. baking soda
c. salt
d. sugar
a. lemon juice
In the alanine cycle, alanine is released from muscle, taken up by the liver, and:
a. excreted in the urine
b. deaminated to release glucose
c. converted into adipose
d. oxidized to nitric acid
b. deaminated to release glucose
In the cori cycle, lactate is converted into:
a. ribose
b. NADPH
c. Pyruvate
d. Acetyl CoA
c. Pyruvate
Normal saline has _____ mEq sodium/L.
a. 154
b. 1000
c. 50
d. 200
a. 154
An amylase deficiency would result in:
a. decreased gluconeogenesis
b. decreased lipolysis
c. decreased glycolysis
d. decreased proteolysis
c. decreased glycolysis
Fresh eggs in the shell can be stored in a refrigerator at 40 degrees for:
a. 3 weeks
b. 2 weeks
c. 10 days
d. 4-6 days
a. 3 weeks
Trypsin and chymotrypsin are:
a. pancreatic enzymes that provide proteolytic action
b. intestinal enzymes that digest starch
c. liver hormones involved in fat digestion
d. intestinal enzymes that digest protein
a. pancreatic enzymes that provide proteolytic action
Acid-base abnormalities in an uncontrolled diabetic are likely due to:
a. respiratory alkalosis
b. metabolic acidosis
c. respiratory acidosis
d. metabolic alkalosis
b. metabolic acidosis
A patient’s nitrogen balance study showed he consumed 10 grams of protein and released 6 grams of nitrogen in the urine. This is:
a. nitrogen balance
b. negative nitrogen balance
c. positive nitrogen balance
d. plus 4 nitrogen balance
b. negative nitrogen balance
Kidneys help control pH by:
a. excreting sodium and calcium
b. controlling the ratio of hydrogen ions to bicarbonate excretion
c. excreting carbon dioxide and carbonic acid
d. excreting NADPH
b. controlling the ratio of hydrogen ions to bicarbonate excretion
Pernicious anemia is likely to occur following a:
a. colectomy
b. colostomy
c. gastrectomy
d. esophagostomy
c. gastrectomy
Looking at the following data, what is this person's total insensible fluid loss?
Input Output
oral fluids 2000 urine 2100
solid foods 800 intestinal 250
Metabolic water 250 lungs and skin 700

a. 700 mL
b. 950 mL
c. 2100 mL
d. 3050 mL
a. 700 mL
Which pigment can be converted into a vitamin?
a. chlorophyll
b. carotenoids
c. anthocyanin
d. anthoxanthins
b. carotenoids
The amount of ceruloplasmin is affected by what disease?
a. Addison’s disease
b. Pheochromocytoma
c. Cushing’s syndrome
d. Wilson’s disease
d. Wilson’s disease
An edematous person may actually be dehydrated because:
a. intravascular fluid is retained
b. intravascular fluid is diluted
c. fluid is retained intracellularly
d. fluid is retained extracellularly
d. fluid is retained extracellularly
What usually occurs when iso-caloric amounts of omega 3 fatty acids are substituted for saturated fatty acids?
a. increased HDL, reduced LDL
b. decreased triglycerides, lower total cholesterol
c. decreased triglycerides, little change in total cholesterol
d. lower HDL, increased LDL
c. decreased triglycerides, little change in total cholesterol
When substituted for saturated fats in the diet, which of the following oils will likely lower total cholesterol but also lower HDL cholesterol?
a. olive oil
b. Canola oil
c. Peanut oil
d. Safflower oil
d. Safflower oil
You are a Food Service Dietitian and would like to make lower fat brownies. What is the best way to cut the fat?
A. use margarine instead of butter
B. cut out all the fat
C. cut out half the fat
D. use prune puree in place of half the fat
D. use prune puree in place of half the fat
You want to keep lemon meringue pie at its peak. What should you do?
a. add sugar with eggs
b. add flour with butter keep the pie at room temperature
c. keep the pie at room temperature
d. keep the pie refrigerated
d. keep the pie refrigerated
A child is lethargic and irritable with diarrhea. The cause may be:
a. zinc toxicity
b. lead poisoning
c. iron overload
d. vitamin A toxicity
b. lead poisoning
A child is at the 95th percentile BMI for age. He is:
a. normal
b. obese
c. overweight
d. tall for his age
b. obese
A child is at the 85th percentile for BMI. He is:
a. overweight
b. tall for his age
c. muscular for his age
d. normal weight
a. overweight
How many calories are needed by a full-term infant weighing 11 pounds at 3 months of age?
a. 108
b. 365
c. 540
d. 720
c. 540
Which of the following study designs can best determine the effect of promotional techniques on cafeteria sales?
a. experimental
b. observational
c. survey
d. segmentation
a. experimental
What should you do with a new client who sits scowling at you during the session?
a. presume she understands what you are saying
b. ask her if she is uncomfortable about the session
c. recognize that new clients are seldom relaxed
d. presume that she just would rather be somewhere else
b. ask her if she is uncomfortable about the session
The absence of reinforcement following an undesirable behavior is:
a. positive reinforcement
b. punishment
c. extinction
d. avoidance
c. extinction
When training new employees, what should always be followed?
a. a planned orientation and training program
b. government orientation regulations
c. OSHA orientation regulations
d. country orientation regulations
a. a planned orientation and training program
In a study of the effects of saccharine, who received the placebo?
a. the experimental group
b. the group receiving saccharine
c. the group receiving sugar
d. the group which has never been tested before
c. the group receiving sugar
Before you teach a class on nutrition, you should:
a. research all current materials at the library
b. read a current nutrition textbook
c. take a survey to determine what they are interested in
d. assess the student's current nutrition knowledge
d. assess the student's current nutrition knowledge
What type of learning is used when you learn certain physical skills that require physical manipulation?
a. affective
b. cognitive
c. psychomotor
d. ambidextrous
c. psychomotor
Active listening in counseling session involves:
a. probing into specific areas of behavior
b. empathizing
c. selective perception
d. paraphrasing and responding
d. paraphrasing and responding
A study reported a 10% morbidity rate in infants in the country and a 12% morbidity for infants in the city. This means that:
a. 10% of infants died in the country
b. more infants died in the city than in the country
c. more disease in infants in the city than in the country
d. more disease in infants in the country than in the city
c. more disease in infants in the city than in the country
The outpatient Dietitian is planning a continuing education program. What should be done first?
a. locate the guest speaker
b. survey patients to see what interests them
c. survey other Dietitian's groups to see what they are doing
d. select a topic that has not been offered lately
b. survey patients to see what interests them
When planning a program for rural elderly, which is the most important?
a. the number of participants
b. what you will serve
c. where it will be held
d. how they will get to you
d. how they will get to you
WHich exhibits a definite positive correlation?
a. .05 -.07
b. 1.2 -1.3
c. 0.8 - 1.0
d. 0.2 - 0.9
c. 0.8 - 1.0
Where would this be placed in a research article:
"most of the changes seen were probably due to..."
a. introduction
b. discussion
c. results
d. summary
b. discussion
You are asked to give an inservice to the staff. What should you do first?
a. ask them what they want to learn
b. read up on the subject
c. observe the staff at work to identify problems
d. see what other hospitals are teaching
c. observe the staff at work to identify problems
When should performance objectives be given to workers?
a. several weeks before their evaluation
b. they should not be shown to the worker
c. the day of the evaluation
d. the day they are hired
d. the day they are hired
When developing educational plans, when do you plan the evaluation criteria?
a. when all else is completed
b. do it before you plan anything else
c. plan evaluation criteria at each step in the process
d. plan it just before you offer the program
c. plan evaluation criteria at each step in the process
When instituting an employee training program, begin by:
a. conducting a needs assessment of all to be trained
b. review programs offered by other facilities
c. determine who will conduct the sessions
d. decide on the appropriate sized group for training
a. conducting a needs assessment of all to be trained
Which of the following is the most useful for evaluating long term nutrition in a community assessment program?
a. height for age
b. weight for height
c. weight for age
d. length for weight
a. height for age
Which denotes a high correlation?
a. .2
b. .4
c. .6
d. .8
d. .8
The mean is a measure of:
a. a normal curve
b. central tendency
c. a frequency curve
d. a straight line
b. central tendency
In interpreting statistical data, if half the observations are above the number 8, and half are below the number 8, the number 8 is the:
a. mode
b. median
c. mean
d. average
b. median
The best advantage of self-instructional models is:
a. they minimize the time spent with each student
b. they allow the student to proceed at their own pace
c. they take less time than class instruction
d. they are best used with a large groups
b. they allow the student to proceed at their own pace
A study showed the morbidity of children with anemia to be 5:1000. This means:
a. 5 children out of 1000 died of anemia
b. 5 children out of 1000 had anemia
c. 1000 children had anemia
d. 1000 children died of anemia
b. 5 children out of 1000 had anemia
The results of a glucose tolerance test would be best plotted on:
a. a linear gregression graph
b. a line graph
c. a pie chart
d. a mean and standard deviation chart
b. a line graph
When you measure functional and manipulative skills, which domain of learning are you analyzing?
a. conceptual
b. affective
c. human
d. psychomotor
d. psychomotor
At your first counseling session with a new patient you should:
a. tell him you have to change his diet
b. find out what he eats
c. give him diet materials
d. teach him meal exchanges
b. find out what he eats
An appropriate purpose of analytical research is to _____
a. test the hypothesis..
b. investigate the...
c. formulate a hypothesis...
d. distinguish between...
a. test the hypothesis..
Which defines the statistical term "mean"?
a. the number that occurs most frequently
b. the average
c. the central tendency
d. a value in an ordered set of numbers below and above which fall in an equal set of numbers
b. the average
If patients in a counseling session become restless,
a. shorten the sessions
b. use a series of guest speakers
c. realize that this is to be expected
d. cancel the sessions
a. shorten the sessions
Which would be best when preparing staff for a new way to deliver trays?
a. include them during discussions of proposed methods
b. introduce the new method quickly
c. let them know it is a better process
d. ask employees if they will go along with the decision
a. include them during discussions of proposed methods
The best indicator that children profited from a nutrition education program about iron is:
a. their parents have increased knowledge about iron
b. the children have increased knowledge about iron
c. the children select more snacks with iron
d. the parents have normal hemoglobin levels
c. the children select more snacks with iron
In a study on custards which would be the dependent variable?
a. the amount of milk and sugar in the recipe
b. the cooked custard
c. the temperature of the oven
d the time of cooking
b. the cooked custard
What is the mean of the following set of numbers? 3, 2, 2
a. 3
b. 2.3
c. 3.2
d. 2.5
b. 2.3
Statistics that let you draw probable conclusions beyond your immediate univers of data are called
a. descriptive statistics
b. inferential statistics
c. variable interest statistics
d. continuous statistics
b. inferential statistics
To define performance objectives for a class for patients you must:
a. review the literature for the latest research
b. determine what what the learner should know or be able to do
c. review diet prescriptions and nutrition care plans
d. refer to the hospital's standards of care
b. determine what what the learner should know or be able to do
You are asked to evaluate a new herbal supplement that you know is not healthy. You should:
a. discredit the manufaturers of the product
b. because of liability laws, you cannot say anything
c. explain why it is not sound and give alternatives
d. do nothing
c. explain why it is not sound and give alternatives
Synergistics is:
a. two people working together
b. two people working in separate areas
c. a person working alone
d. a group of people working together to solve a problem
d. a group of people working together to solve a problem
When counseling an anorexic, the best advice is to:
a. be real strict in their food choices
b. be flexible and help them choose reasonable goals
c. provide a large variety of menu items
d. give them free rein with their intake
b. be flexible and help them choose reasonable goals
After you review the patient's medical record, the first step in counseling is:
a. assess the patient's nutritional status
b. collect all relevant data
c. establish a climate of trust
d. establish an overall evaluation plan for the patient
c. establish a climate of trust
The best way to improve communication with participants in a nutrition education group would be to focus on:
a. paraphrasing
b. internalizing
c. empathizing
d. referencing
a. paraphrasing
When counseling patients who have limited ability to speak and understand your language, you should:
a. provide only verbal instructions
b. use demonstrations and food models
c. instruct the patient's family
d. refer the patient to a language class
b. use demonstrations and food models
The number of individuals in a population diagnosed with a specific condition during a specified time is the:
a. prevalence
b. incidence
c. rate of the condition
d. duration of the condition
b. incidence
Results of a three day food record were obtained in June and again three months later. What is this called?
a. validity
b. reliability
c. sensitivity
d. specificity
b. reliability
Which of the following responses by a counselor indicates "reflection"?
a. "Yes, you can do that."
b. "You said, 'You want to lose weight?' "
c. "Explain what you mean by that, please."
d. "I can help you"
b. "You said, 'You want to lose weight?' "
How do you begin an interview with a patient?
a. obtain height and weight
b. Get a nutritional history.
c. Introduce yourself and make them comfortable.
d. Give the diet instruction.
c. Introduce yourself and make them comfortable.
Inferential statistics are associated with:
a. probability
b. mean
c. mode
d. graphs
a. probability
When teaching a non-English speaking patient about serving sizes:
a. show pictures of proper serving sizes
b. use food models to allow choice of recommended serving sizes
c. show slides of various foods and their serving sizes
d. show a videotape of serving sizes
b. use food models to allow choice of recommended serving sizes
What is your first concern when deciding how to teach?
a. the time you and the students have
b what learning resources are available
c. what you are best at
d. the needs and abilities of your students
d. the needs and abilities of your students
The statement "After class, the patient will be able to write a day's menu following the guidelines" is...
a. a goal
b. an objective
c. a plan
d. a research hypothesis
b. an objective
To determine the reading level of a text:
a. count the number of words with more than 1 syllable
b. count the number of paragraphs
c. count the average number of letters in the word
d. count the number of sentences in a paragraph
a. count the number of words with more than 1 syllable
In a normal curve, what % of data falls between +1 and -1 standard deviation
a. 52
b. 93
c. 35
d. 68
d. 68
When writing a research paper, a statement including "this is probably due to...." should be placed in which section?
a. discussion
b. results
c. implications
d. methodology
a. discussion
The statement :The county's infant mortality rate is 12.8, and the state's infant mortality rate is 10.5" means that:
a. more infants died in the county than in the sate
b. for every 1000 live births in the county, 12.8 infants died
c. two more infants died in the county than in the state
d. 12.8% of the infants born in the county died before the age of 1 year
b. for every 1000 live births in the county, 12.8 infants died
What reading level is appropriate for educational material for the general population?
a. 4th grade
b. 5th grade
c. 8th grade
d. 10th grade
c. 8th grade
What reading level is appropriate for written materials for a population with low literacy skills?
a. 4th grade
b. 6th grade
c. 8th grade
d. 9th grade
b. 6th grade
The formula that counts the number of polysyllabic words in text to calculate the reading level is the:
a. SMOG index
b. BACM index
c. Smith Reading index
d. Text Index
a. SMOG index
Which is the dependent variable?
a. leavening
b. storage days
c. volume
d. oven temperature
c. volume
The incidence of xeropthalmia in children between the ages of 1-5 is 5:1000. This means:
a. morbidity rate of xeropthalmia is 5 in every 1000 children ages 1-5
b. mortality rate of xeropthalmia is 5000 in this age group
c. morbidity rate of xeropthalmia is 5000 in this age group
d. mortality rate is 5 in every 1000 children aged 1-5
a. morbidity rate of xeropthalmia is 5 in every 1000 children ages 1-5
If there is no statistical difference between study groups, the hypothesis is:
a. negative
b. null
c. even
d. positive
b. null
A focus group contributes what data?
a. analytical
b. experimental
c. attitudinal
d. objective
c. attitudinal
An example of nominal (frequency) data is:
a. temperature
b. weight
c. attitudinal
d. objective
c. attitudinal
A three day recall is done and then repeated in 2 months. This is done to test:
a. validity
b. reliability
c. precision
d. assessment
b. reliability
Which result is desirable? Before After
Experimental group A B
Control group C D
a. the difference between A and B is more significant than the difference between C and D
b. the difference between B and D is statistically significant
c. the difference between A and C is more significant than the difference between B and D
d. the difference between A and D is more significant than the difference between C and B
a. the difference between A and B is more significant than the difference between C and D
A patient relates a story to the RD. The RD says: "This happened to me, too." This is:
a. reflection
b. clarification
c. attribution
d. self-disclosure
d. self-disclosure
An example of formative evaluation is:
a. IQ test
b. RD exam
c. Pretest quiz
d. Comparative evaluation
c. Pretest quiz
The lecture:
a. increases teacher-student involvement
b. is student-oriented
c. reinforces material presented
d. provides the most material covered in a short time
d. provides the most material covered in a short time
How can you encourage preschool children to eat more fruits and vegetables?
a. Have them participate in preparing fruits and vegetables.
b. Have them draw pictures of fruits and vegetables.
c. Give examples of good choices using a slide show.
d. Give examples of good choices using pictures
a. Have them participate in preparing fruits and vegetables.
Which is the best way to teach food sercice workers to prepare a full liquid diet:
a. video and discussion
b. prepare it themselves
c. written instructions
d. demonstration, then have them prepare it
d. demonstration, then have them prepare it
Following counseling, a client is able to plan a low sodium diet. The learning domain is:
a. affective
b. cognitive
c. psychomotor
d. psychosocial
b. cognitive
A client says: "I want to change my eating habits." You ask why. The learning domain is:
a. affective
b. cognitive
c. psychomotor
d. psychosocial
a. affective
What is the best way to assess what a group of students learned after diet instruction?
a. list their skills
b. have them explain their skills
c. have them demonstrate their skills
d. post-test on their skills
c. have them demonstrate their skills
A research study was done on plate waste. "Plate waste for breakfast is more than dinner. This was due to the familiarity and popularity of the food." What section of the research report would that statement be found?
a. methodology
b. results
c. implications
d. discussion
d. discussion
Which of the following methods is most effective for marketing a nutrition program to an inner-city, Hispanic population?
a. Spanish-language brochures written at high school reading level
b. public service announcements on TV
c. radio messages
d. Spanish food demonstrations at local grocery stores
d. Spanish food demonstrations at local grocery stores
An advantage of using focus groups to collect data is that they:
a. help you generalize to larger populations
b. help the researcher understand participants' perspectives
c. help participants stay focused on the topic
d. are inexpensive because many can be interviewed at once
b. help the researcher understand participants' perspectives
An example of a survey with negative correlations is:
a. when folic acid intake increases prior to pregnancy, the incidence of neural tube defects declines
b. when LDL levels increase, the rate of heart disease increases
c. when a person becomesmore obese, their LDL leels likely rise
d. as the intake of peanut butter and potato chips increases, dental caries increase
a. when folic acid intake increases prior to pregnancy, the incidence of neural tube defects declines
When providing nutrition education to a pregnant teenager, which characteristic of adolescents should be kept in mind?
a. interested in planning for the future
b. responds more to emotional stimuli
c. desire to be like their peers
d. has well-defined self-image
c. desire to be like their peers
A client's failure to become involved in a breast-feeding program may bedue to:
a. lack of funds
b. lack of social support
c. lack of knowledge about benefits
d. lack of medical care
b. lack of social support
A client states he can no longer return to the clinic for counseling due to a change in jobs. To ensure continued compliance with the diet, you should:
a. give additional practice to ensure thorough understanding
b. instruct him to call you if he has a problem
c. inform him about other resources for follow-up counseling
d. provide several educational pamphlets regarding his diet
c. inform him about other resources for follow-up counseling
The first step in evaluating the effectiveness of a series of nutrition education programs would be to:
a. identify the objectives of each of the programs
b. ask all participants to complete 24 hour recalls
c. administer nutrition-knowledge tests to all
d. verify attendance at each of the programs
a. identify the objectives of each of the programs
A behavioralstrategy for weight control intended to limit exposure to food would require an individual to;
a. record daily food intake
b. portion the food before serving at the table
c. clear the table immediately after eating
d. put the fork down between bites
b. portion the food before serving at the table
Which of the following is an achievable outcome for a community weight-control program?
a. promote desirable body weight among young adults
b. increase by 25% the number of physicians who refer patients fo weight-management counseling
c. screen and refer for treatment within two years thos whose body weight is >10% of desirable
d. reduce by 10% the number of obese adults, ages 25-49 years, within 2 years of starting the program
d. reduce by 10% the number of obese adults, ages 25-49 years, within 2 years of starting the program
A client refuses to follow the diet after you have explained the plan and its rationale. You should then:
a. reinforce the rationale and benefits of the diet
b. review the dangers of non-compliance
c. ask what changes he is willing to make
d. restate what the client needs to do to met the goals of the diet
c. ask what changes he is willing to make
Which of the following best encourages a client to take responsibility for making appropriate dietary changes>
a. "Do you think you will be able to do that?"
b. "Will you have family support for these changes?"
c. "What change will you be comfortable trying first?"
d. "These changes should not be too difficult for you,should they?"
c. "What change will you be comfortable trying first?"
To determine the effectiveness of an eighth grade nutrition program to be offered throughout a city:
a. first determine how many schools are willing to offer the program
b. pilot test the program in one school
c. request a review of the program by local dietitians
d. offer an incentive for schools to provide the program
b. pilot test the program in one school
The most effective way to increase the incidence and duration of breastfeeding among clients receiving prenatal care is to:
a. post breastfeeding posters in the waiting room
b. conduct prenatal breast-feeding classes
c. show breast-feeding videotapes in the waiting room
d. implement a breast-feeding peer counselor program
d. implement a breast-feeding peer counselor program
A client returns for a follow-up visit after diet instruction and states: "I have not lost any weight on this diet". You should respond with:
a. "Did you follow my advice?"
b. "What is you typical day like?"
c. "Did you follow the exercise plan?"
d."Have you been eating out?"
b. "What is you typical day like?"