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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
application areas
These are the areas of business, industry, and trade about which the project manager may need special knowledge. Common application areas include legal issues, technical issues, engineering information, and manufacturing information.
The outcome of a project or project phase; a deliverable of a project can be a product or service.
management by projects
This approach characterizes organizations that manage their operations as projects. These project-centric entities
could manage any level of their work as a project. These organizations apply general business skills to each project to
determine their value, efficiency, and ultimately, return on investment.
Project Management Body of Knowledge, which includes all knowledge and practices within the endeavor of project
A collection of related projects working in alignment towards a common cause.
progressive elaboration
The process of providing or discovering greater levels of detail as the project moves toward completion.
A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service.
project framework
The structure and fundamentals of project management. The project framework is composed of nine knowledge
areas: project integration management, project scope management, project time management, project cost
management, project quality management, project human resources management, project communications
management, project risk management, project procurement management and five processes: initiating, planning,
executing, controlling and close out.
project manager
The individual accountable for all aspects of a project.
project portfolio management
A management process to select the projects that should be invested in. Specifically, it is the selection process based
on the need, profitability, and affordability of the proposed projects.
A subproject exists under a parent project but follows its own schedule to completion. Subprojects may be
outsourced, assigned to other project managers, or managed by the parent project manager but with a different
project team.
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
The WBS is a deliverable-orientated collection of project components. Work that isn't in the WBS isn't in the
project. The point of the WBS is to organize and define the project scope.
Nine Knowledge Areas
1-Project Integration Management
2-Project Scope Management
3-Project Time Management
4-Project Cost Management
5-Project Quality Management
6-Project Human Resource Management
7-Project Communications Management
8-Project Risk Management
9-Project Procurement Management
Project Integration Management
The day-to-day actions of the project manager to ensure that all parts of the project work together. Composed of project plan development, project plan execution, and integrated change control.
Project Scope Management
Project scope management, according to the PMBOK, is “the processes to ensure that the project includes all of the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project successfully.”
Project Time Management
Time management is crucial to project success. This knowledge area covers
activities, their characteristics, and how they fit into the project schedule.
Project Cost Management
Cost is always a constraint in project management. This knowledge area is
concerned with the planning, estimating, budgeting, and control of costs.
Project Quality Management
This knowledge area centers on quality planning, assurance, and control.
Project Human Resource Management
This knowledge area focuses on organizational planning, staff
acquisition, and team development.
Project Communications Management
The majority of a project manager's time is spent communicating.
This knowledge area details how communications can improve.
Project Risk Management
Every project has risks. This knowledge area focuses on risk planning,
analysis, monitoring, and control.
Project Procurement Management
This knowledge area involves planning, solicitation, contract
administration, and contract closeout.
5 Project Management Processes
1- Initiating
2- Planning
3- Executing
4- Controlling
5- Closing
Initiating Project Management Process
This process launches the project, or phase. The needs of the organization are identified and alternative solutions are
researched. The power to launch the project or phase is given through a project charter, and when initiating the
project, the wonderful project manager is selected.
Planning Project Management Process
Can you guess what this process is all about? The planning process requires the project manager and the project
team to develop the various core and subsidiary management plans necessary for project completion. This process is
one of the most important pieces of project management.
Executing Project Management Process
This process allows the project team and vendors to move toward completing the work outlined in the Planning
process. The project team moves forward with completing the project work.
Controlling Project Management Process
The project manager must control the work the project team and the vendors are completing. The project manager
checks that the deliverables of the phases are in alignment with the project scope, defends the scope from changes,
and confirms the expected level of quality of the work being performed. This process also requires the project
manager to confirm that the cost and schedule are in sync with what was planned. Finally, the project team will inform
the project manager of their progress, who will, in turn, report on the project's progress to the project sponsor, to
management, and perhaps even to key stakeholders in the organization.
Closing Project Management Process
Ah, the best process of them all. The closing process, sometimes called the project postmortem, involves closing out
the project accounts, completing final acceptance of the project deliverables, filing the necessary paperwork, and
assigning the project team to new projects. Oh yeah, and celebrating!
3 Project Constraints
Project Scope
Project Scope
The scope of the project constitutes the parameters of what the project will, and will not,
include. As the project progresses, the stakeholders may try to change the project scope to include more
requirements than what was originally planned for (commonly called scope creep). Of course, if you change
the project scope to include more deliverables, the project will likely need more time and/or money to be
This is the expected time when the project will be completed.
The cost of completing the
Project Life Cycle
Projects are temporary, unique, and create a product or service.
(PMBOK Source)

Project Management Professionals
(PMBOK Source)

A project is a temporary
endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service
(PMBOK Source)

Define Temporary
Every project has a definite beginning and a definite end
(PMBOK Source)

Define Unique
The product or service is different in some distinguishing way from all other products
or services