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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the structures and propensities inside people that explain their characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior
cultural values
shared beliefs about desirable end states or modes of conduct in a given culture
Big Five factors to summarize personalities
Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness to experience, Extraversion
dependable, organized, reliable, ambitious, hardworking
kind, cooperative, sympathetic, helpful, courteous, warm
nervous, moody, emotional, insecure, jealous, unstable
curious, imaginative, creative, complex, refined, sophisticated

talkative, sociable, passionate, assertive, bold, dominant

(nature decides)

accomplishment striving
strong desire to accomplish task-related goals as a means of expressing personality
communion striving
strong desire to obtain acceptance in personal relationships as means of expressing personality
zero acquaintance
situation where two people have just met
status striving
reflects a strong desire to obtain power and influence within a social structure as a means of expressing personality

positive affectivity
dispositional tendency to experience pleasant, engaging moods such as enthusiasm, excitement, and elation
negative affectivity
dispositional tendency to experience unpleasant moods such as hostility, nervousness, and annoyance
differential exposure
neurotic people are more likely to appraise day-to-day situations as stressful
differential reactivity
neurotic people are less likely to believe they can cope with stressors

locus of control
whether people attribute the causes of events to themselves or to the external environment
expressions of personality that influence behavior through preferences for certain environments and activities
shared values, beliefs, motives, identities and interpretations
propensity to view one's own cultural values as right and those of others as wrong
typical performance
performance in the routine conditions that surround daily job tasks
maximum performance
performance in brief, special circumstances that demand best effort
situational strength
strong situations have clear behavioral expectations, incentives, or instructions that make differences between individuals less important whereas weak situations lack those cues

trait activation
some situations provide cues that trigger the expression of a given trait
integrity tests

personality tests that focus specifically on a predisposition to engage in theft and other counterproductive behaviors

(honesty tests)

clear purpose tests
ask applicants about their attitudes toward dishonesty, beliefs about the frequency of dishonesty, and confessions of past dishonesty
veiled purpose tests
don't reference dishonesty explicitly but instead assess more general personality traits that are associated with dishonesty acts
exaggerating your responses to a personality test in a socially desirable fashion