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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
GeorgeWashington's Challenges
invented the job of President

Unstable economy

French Revolution threat,


George Washington's Successes
Established precedents

asserted gov authority

enlisted a Cabinet

maintained neutrality

stabilized the economy

set precedent for 2 terms

George Washington's Failures
Force was "excessive" in handling the Whiskey Rebellion
George Washington's Legacy
Set foundation for the Presidency

Integrity, strength and honesty,

Did not abuse power

Built trust in government

John Adam's Challenges

Opposition from Dem-Republicans & VP, Defending sovereignty of nation

Resisting public pressure for war

Maintaining neutrality

John Adam's Successes

Strengthened Navy

Used diplomacy to maintain neutrality

Placed Federalists in position to influence government

John Adam's Failures

Alien & Sedition Acts

Didn't create harmony in government.

John Adam's Legacy

Conducted himself with best interests of nation at heart

Maintained neutrality

Thomas Jefferson's Challenges

Defending national sovereignty

maintaining neutrality

Using executive action to expand nation promoting balance between opposing parties, downsizing the government,

managing embargo tactic.

Thomas Jefferson's Successes

enlarged national territory

Defended national sovereignty in Tripolitan conflict

Lewis & Clark de-mystify the west

Thomas Jefferson's Failures

Over-reached on executive authority

reduced military readiness

embargoes proved economic disaster

Thomas Jefferson's Legacy

1st peaceful transfer of power

Expands nation

Rids European Neighbor

Lewis & Clark investigate west

James Madison's Challenges

Resisting War Hawk pressure

presiding over a nation under attack

promoting infrastructure development

James Madison's Successes

Oversaw expansion of states

development of infrastructure

defended national sovereignty in War of 1812, Increased national defense and readiness promoted international respect for nation and nationalism at home.

James Madison's Failures

Failed to maintain neutrality and engaged nation in a potentially fatal conflict,

James Madison's Legacy

Asserted national sovereignty in the “2nd war of independence”

helped nation develop internally and externally

James Monroe's Challenges
Presiding over nation dealing with the slave/Free state debate,

promoting infrastructure

Maintaining neutrality

Asserting national power as protectorate of Western Hemisphere

James Monroe's Successes
Acquires Florida

Promoted development of infrastructure,

found compromise on free/slave state issue in 1820

James Monroe's Failures
Missouri Compromise temporary fix

Monroe Doctrine places U.S. in a potentially indefensible military position

James Monroe's Legacy

Establishes U.S. as a prominent nation on national stage

sets the course for foreign policy,

sets short-term course of action for dealing with the free/slave state issue

Importance of the Judiciary Act of 1789
officially established the U.S. Federal Court system
Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan
National gov assumes all debts,

protective tariffs

national excise tax

The reason the south finally supported Hamilton's financial plan

New capital for the nation would be built in the South –Washington D.C
Key differences that led to the development ofpolitical parties

Interpretation of the Constitution

Amount of power given to the National Gov.

Leader of the Federalist Party

Alexander Hamilton

Leader of the Democratic-Republican party

Thomas Jefferson

What did Federalists favor?

strong national gov.

pro-British alliance

loose interpretation of the Constitution



What did Democratic-Republicans favor?

strong state gov.

pro-French alliance

strict interpretation of the Constitution



Who wrote Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions

Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
Why the Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions were written.
disapproval of the Alien and Sedition Acts

What concept did the Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions introduce?

States had the right to nullify laws that the states considered unconstitutional
The significanceof the election of 1800?
“Revolutionof 1800” set the precedent for a peaceful transition of power fromone party to another.

Importance of Marbury v. Madison

Establishes power of Judicial Review
Importance of McCulloch v Maryland
Establishes authority of National government to createa National Bank
Importance of Gibbons v Ogden
Defines theConstitution’s commerce clause to give the national government the authority tocontrol all areas of economic activity in the United States

Significance of the Louisiana Purchase

Doubled the size of U.S.

gained control of theMiss. River

gained control of the port of New Orleans

What were Lewis and Clark looking for?

Northwest Passage

Results of the Lewis and Clark expedition

scientific discoveries of plants and animals

trade agreements with Native Americans

opened west for expansion

Manifest Destiny

Causes of the War of 1812


Native Am. Conflicts

trade embargoes

War Hawks

key event that took place during the war of 1812

Burning of Washington D.C.

key event that took place during the war of 1812

Francis Scott Key writes Star Spangled Banner

key event that took place during the war of 1812

Ended Native American resistance in West

Result of War of 1812


Result of War of 1812

international respect

Result of War of 1812

Treaty of Ghent
Provision of the Missouri Compromise
Missouri admitted as a slave state
Provision of the Missouri Compromise
Maine admitted as a free state
Provision of the Missouri Compromise
36-30 line of latitude
Monroe Doctrine
U.S. intent to remain neutral in European affairs
Monroe Doctrine
warns Europe that interference in the western hemisphere considered act of war.