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3 Cards in this Set

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What is the definition of a genome? What different components of typical prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells make up the genome?

Genome: all the genetic material of an organism. Genomes consist of chromosomes, may also include plasmids and DNA in organelles.

What are some differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic chromosomes (mostly this is review)…which are only haploid?

Prokaryotes: Usually single,circular chromosomes,located in cytoplasm,DNA is condensed into a packetEukaryotes:have multiple linear chromosomes,they’re located in nucleus,DNA wound around histones.Prokaryotes are only haploid

What differentiates a chromosome from a plasmid?

Chromosomes contain essential genes and are usually largePlasmids contain non-essential accessory genes. They’re much more common in prokaryotes