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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
five stage model
a set of phases that temporary groups go through that involves transitions between inertia and activity.
zimbardo experiment
prisoners/guards quickly adhered to respective stereotyped roles. students set into learned stereotyped conceptions from mass media/personal experiences. this allowed them to easily assume roles very different from inherent personalities
role perception
role expectations
a set of expected behavior patterns attributed to someone occupying a given position in a social unit

an individual's view of how he or she is supposed to act in a given situation

how others believe a person should act in a given situation
acceptable standards of behavior within a group that are shared by the group's members
Hawthorne studies
illumination => brightness changes increased productivity

special group => increased productivity and cut absenteeism

groups determined levels of fair output and established norms for individual work rates that conformed with output
group members desire acceptance by the group, and thus, are susceptible to conforming to the group's norms.

in contradictory settings, members conform to the group they desire to be a part of called 'reference groups'
asch study
75% of unsuspecting subjects gave at least one wrong answer to conform with the group.

group norms press us toward conformity. we avoid being visibly different
higher status group members influenced by
the power he wields over others

his ability to contribute to the group's goals

personal characteristics
status and norms
the higher a person's status, the less need he feels conform to group norms
consequences of differences in group statuses
inhibit diversity of ideas and creativity in groups. lower-level group members tend to participate less, even if they have insightful contributions
group size efficacy
smaller groups are good at completing small tasks

larger groups take longer for said tasks, but excel in problem solving scenarios. [more diverse views are provided]
social loafing
the tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually.

caused by the belief that others are not carrying their fair share. members then reduce their own exertion

dispersion of responsibility
cohesiveness => affects productivity
high cohesiveness/high performance norms => HIGH PRODUCTIVITY

high cohesiveness/low performance norms => LOW PRODUCTIVITY

low cohesiveness/high performance norms =>MODERATE PRODUCTIVITY

low cohesiveness/low performance norms => MODERATE TO LOW PRODUCTIVITY