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26 Cards in this Set

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Peritoneum

the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs.

the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs.

Umbilical Artery

either of a pair of arteries that arise from the hypogastric arteries of the mammalian fetus and pass through the umbilical cord to the placenta to which they carry the deoxygenated blood from the fetus

Umbilical Vein

vein present during fetal development that carries oxygenated blood from the placenta to the growing fetus

Liver

It cleans your blood. It produces an important digestive liquid called bile. It stores energy in the form of a sugar called glycogen

It cleans your blood. It produces an important digestive liquid called bile. It stores energy in the form of a sugar called glycogen

Gall Bladder

the small sac-shaped organ beneath the liver, in which bile is stored after secretion by the liver and before release into the intestine.

the small sac-shaped organ beneath the liver, in which bile is stored after secretion by the liver and before release into the intestine.

Hepatic Duct

Transports bile from the liver to the gall bladder then to the pancreas

Cecum (appendix)

pouchlike structure of the colon, located at the junction of the small and the large intestines

Anus

the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste matter leaves the body

Rectum

the final section of the large intestine, terminating at the anus

Stomach

the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion of food occurs

the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion of food occurs

Pyloric Valve

a strong ring of smooth muscle at the end of the pyloric canal which lets food pass from the stomach to the duodenum

Cardiac Valve

any of the valves that control blood flow to and from the heart and that include the atrioventricular valves, the aortic valve, and the pulmonary valve

Esophagus

the part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to the stomach

the part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to the stomach

Hard Palate

the bony front part of the palate.

Soft Palate

the fleshy, flexible part toward the back of the roof of the mouth

Pharynx

the membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus

Abdominal Cavity

contains a number of crucial organs including the lower part of the esophagus, the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, and bladder

Pancreas

a large gland behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum as well as creating insulin

Spleen

an abdominal organ involved in the production and removal of blood cells in most vertebrates and forming part of the immune system

Large Intestine

the cecum, colon, and rectum collectively
absorbs water from the remaining indigestible food matter and transmits the useless waste material from the body

the cecum, colon, and rectum collectively


absorbs water from the remaining indigestible food matter and transmits the useless waste material from the body

Small Intestine

the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and the large intestine; the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum collectively
absorbs nutrients and minerals from food

the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and the large intestine; the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum collectively


absorbs nutrients and minerals from food

Mesentery

a fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen

a fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen

Duodenum

the first part of the small intestine immediately beyond the stomach
receives partially digested food (known as chyme) from the stomach and plays a vital role in the chemical digestion of chyme in preparation for absorption in the small intestine

the first part of the small intestine immediately beyond the stomach


receives partially digested food (known as chyme) from the stomach and plays a vital role in the chemical digestion of chyme in preparation for absorption in the small intestine

Jejunum

the part of the small intestine between the duodenum and ileum


specialized for the absorption, by enterocytes, of small nutrient particles which have been previously digested by enzymes in the duodenum

Ileum

the third portion of the small intestine, between the jejunum and the cecum


absorb vitamin B12 and bile salts and whatever products of digestion were not absorbed by the jejunum. The wall itself is made up of folds, each of which has many tiny finger-like projections known as villi on its surface

Descending Colon

the part of the large intestine that passes downward on the left side of the abdomen toward the rectum


store the remains of digested food that will be emptied into the rectum