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31 Cards in this Set

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~ざるを得ない
cannot avoid doing~; one must do~ (despite one's opposite intent), no choice but to
ここ+期間
these~(length of time); over the past/next (length of time)
V plain past + のは~(時)のことだ
it was (time expression) when; since~
~にとどまる|~のとどまらず
limited to/not exceed
いわば
so to speak, as one might put it, as if it's, it's like ~ (explain term in a way that listener would know)
もとはといえば
if asked the origin, originally
~通り (~とおり|~どおり)
according to; in accordance
~に対して
in response to, considering~, contrast in opinion
~ものだ
-making indirect command, show common knowledge
~つつある
in the process/middle of~; while~, continuously
なんとか
do anyway; manage to do; do with difficulty; barely; somehow
なんといっても
when all is said and done; after all
よほど~ない;よほど~なくては
unless...really
AをBに関連づける
Connect/link A with B
A, Bというように
like A or B
~て、しかも
and furthermore; in addition to~
ぽい
looks like something, but not (or the opposite), quick/easy to ~ (objective)
~らしい
a typical ~
いったい~(か)
how in the world
~にかんして;~にかんするN
regarding; concerning; with respect to
AまるでBのようだ; まるでBのようにC
A is just like/as if it's B; Like B (it's) C
AをBにあてる
Apply A to B; Use A for be
いかに~か
How difficult/easy/other adji, it is doing
~でしかない
Nothing but~
~(こと)によって
Makes use of something, so the other become possible
~に過ぎない
be nothing but; only; merely
~途中で
On the way to; during; in the middle of
~とすれば
Given that; suppose that
AはBにつながる
A is connected /related/linked to B; A leads to B
たいして~ない;たいした~ない
not really; not too
~ねばならぬ;~ねばならない
must; have to