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26 Cards in this Set

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Good health encompasses what three areas?

Physical, mental, and social health

What should we as PTAs do to teach someone in good health?

Prevention

What should we as PTAs teach someone in poor health?

To be as functional as possible

Three levels of disease prevention

Primary


Secondary


Tertiary

Primary prevention

Removing risk factors.



Initial actions such as vaccinations, eating healthy, not smoking, wearing a bike helmet.

Secondary prevention

Early detection and treatment.



Ex: fall risk assessment

Tertiary prevention

Limiting impact of established diseases


Ex: chemo, spinal cord injury

Pathology

Study/process of disease

Etiology

Cause of disease

Pathogenesis

Progression of disease

Acute illness

Rapid onset, short duration

Sub-acute illness

Lasts longer than acute, not chronic

Chronic illness

Several months or years. Fluctuates in intensity

Congenital disease

Born with it

Hereditary disease

May not show at birth. (High cholesterol)

Inflammatory disease

RA, infection

Degenerative disease

OA, arterial sclerosis

Metabolic disease

Diabetes, thyroid

Neoplastic disease

Abnormal formation of new tissue

Symptoms are ______ and signs are ______.

Subjective


Objective

Asymptomatic

No symptoms. Early stage of disease can be asymptomatic

Idiopathic

Don't know what caused the disease

Iatrogenic

Caused by medical treatment

Falls screening tests

TUG, BBS, & FR


Timed up and go, Berg balance scale, functional reach

Describe the ICF model

When is a good time to suggest additional imaging?

When progress is not being made and further injury is suspected. (Fractures)