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16 Cards in this Set

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ch. 1 forensic science

the application of science to criminal and civil laws

ch.1 CSI affect

an unrealistic view that the prosecution should always have forensic evidence

ch.1 "Accidental" kitchen fire

coroner used pigs to recreate the crime and interpret data. used evidence, such as smoke in lungs, burns etc.

ch.1 Marcello Mlpighi

recorded first notes on fingerprints

ch1. Locard's exchange principle

when a criminal comes in contact with an object or a person, a cross-transfer of evidence occurs.


(Edmond Locard)

ch. 1 3 reasons for increase in number of crime labs

1) supreme court decided that


investigations needed stronger scientifically


evaluated evidence.




2) crime labs flooded with drug specimen due to accelerated drug abuse.




3) the emergence of DNA profiling.



ch.1 physical science unit

identifies and compares physical evidence

ch.1 toxicology unit

examines body fluids and organs for the


presence of drugs or poisons.

ch. 1 latent fingerprint unit

processes and examines evidence for latent


fingerprints

ch. 1 polygraph unit

conducts lie-detector tests

ch.1 crime scene investigation unit

special trained personnel collect and preserve physical evidence

ch. 1 forensic psychiatry

examines the relationship between human behavior and legal proceedings.

ch.1 forensic odontology

using teeth to provide information about the identification of a victim when a body is left in an unrecognizable state. Investigates bite marks.

forensic engineering

concerned with failure analysis, accident


reconstruction, and causes and origins of fires and explosions.

the scientific method

1) formulate question worthy of investigation


2) formulate a reasonable hypothesis to answer the question


3)test the hypothesis through experimentation


4) upon validation of the hypothesis, it becomes suitable as scientific evidence

expert witness

an individual who the court determines possesses knowledge relevant to the trial that is not


expected of the average person