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66 Cards in this Set

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As you work in rescue operations, you will need personal protective equipment that includes:




a. helmet and boots


b. protective eye wear


c. puncture proof gloves


d. all of the above

d. all the above

All of the following are necessary components of an effective EMS system EXCEPT:




a. communications


b. public information and education


c. air transport capabilities


d. medical direction

c. air transport capabilities

There are varying degrees of hospital advance directives, such as:




a. allowing for CPR if the arrest is witnessed only


b. not allowing the use of long term life support measures


c. allowing comfort care only


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

Organisms that cause infection are called:




a. pathogens


b. antigens


c. toxins


d. antibodies

a. pathogens

A positive form of stress that helps people work under pressure and respond effectively is called:




a. distress


b. stimulation


c. eustress


d. rest

c. eustress

The signs and symptoms of stress include all of the following EXCEPT:




a. drinking alcoholic beverages with a meal


b. irritability with family, friends, and coworkers


c. loss of appetite


d. inability to concentrate

a. drinking alcoholic beverages with a meal

A CISD is most effective if it is held:




a. a week after the incident


b. within two hours of the incident


c. within one to three days of the incident


d. none of the above

c. within one to three days of the incident

The EMT's primary concern at a hazardous material scene is to:




a. remove victim's without delay


b. maintain a safe distance from the source of the hazardous material


c. ensure that all bystanders are moved a safe distance from the scene


d. treat only immediately life-threatening injuries before decontamination

b. maintain a safe distance from the source of the hazardous material

The legislation that describes the scope of practice for the EMT is called the:




a. Health Disciplines Act


b. Good Samaritan Act


c. Immunity Provision


d. national standards

a. Health Disciplines Act

Orders given to the EMT by telephone or radio are called:




a. protocols


b. on-line medical direction


c. off-line medical direction


d. standing orders

b. on-line medical direction

Your partner has worked many shifts in a row and has recently handled a number of serious trauma calls. She has recently become irritable at home and at work and complains of the inability to sleep and concentrate. She is probably suffering from:




a. a cumulative stress reaction


b. mononucleosis


c. hypertension syndrome


d. all of the above

a. a cumulative stress reaction

To perform appropriate patient care you must first perform a proper:




a. diagnosis


b. set of vital signs


c. assessment


d. all of the above

c. assessment

At a crime scene you should:




a. not disturb any item at the scene unless emergency care requires it


b. protect the scene by closing all open doors and windows


c. use the phone at the scene rather than your radio to contact police


d. not enter or provide any care until police arrive

a. not disturb any item at the scene unless emergency care requires it

Understanding the reactions to death, the EMT should:




a. not falsely reassure


b. be tolerant of angry reactions


c. offer as much comfort as one realistically can


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

After the CISD:




a. the EMS providers should go home and have a big meal


b. the EMS providers should speak openly with the press


c. follow-up by the team members is essential


d. all of the above

c. follow-up by the team members is essential

To promote confidence in both patients and bystanders and to reduce the possibility of contamination, the EMT should be:




a. able to lead


b. controlled in conversation


c. neat and clean


d. able to listen to others

c. neat and clean

Stopping the treatment of a patient without assuring the continuation of treatment at the same level or higher is referred to as:




a. negligence


b. abandonment


c. assault


d. breach of duty

b. abandonment

As a professional, you must be concerned with the safety of:




a. bystanders


b. the patient


c. your crew


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

What different ways can an EMT review material presented in the original training course on a regular basis to satisfy the requirements of most provinces is to:




a. attende conferences


b. listen to occasional lectures on topics of interest


c. complete a refresher course


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

To help overcome the unpleasant aspects of an emergency so that needed care may be rendered and any uneasy feelings that exist afterwards may be resolved, the EMT should be:




a. emotionally stable


b. a self-starter


c. of good moral character


d. in control of personal habits

a. emotionally stable

A communications system that has the capability of automatically identifying the caller's phone number and location is called:




a. an emergency medical dispatcher


b. enhanced 911


c. auto call back


d. priority dispatch

b. enhanced 911

A series of laws, varying in each province, designed to provide limited legal protection for citizens and some health care personnel is called:




a. the liability statutes


b. negligence waivers


c. Emergency Medical Aid Act


d. government immunities

c. Emergency Medical Aid Actq

The EMS physician's practice of delegation to non-physician providers such as the EMT is usually referred to as:




a. medical direction


b. trauma system


c. standing orders


d. evaluation

a. medical direction

Your first responsibility as an EMT is to:




a. open the patient's airway


b. keep yourself safe


c. provide the patients safety


d. gain access to the patient

b. keep yourself safe



When there is a strong indication of poisonous gases at an incident, the hazmat team should be outfitted with:




a. SCBA


b. reference texts


c. appropriate level hazmat suit


d. all of the above





d. all of the above

Which of the following would provide the greatest personal safety for the EMT working at night or in traffic:




a. reflective clothing


b. emergency spotlights


c. a white uniform shift


d. flares

a. reflective clothing

In order to prove negligence, the attorney must show all the following EXCEPT:




a. a duty to act was breached


b. the actions caused injury


c. the injury was life-threatening


d. an injury was inflicted

c. the injury was life-threatening

Unlawful touching of another person without consent is:




a. implied consent


b. waiver of consent


c. assault or battery


d. negligence

c. assault or battery

Ways that you can help improve the quality of care in your service include:




a. continuing your education


b. maintaining your equipment


c. getting feedback from patients and hospital staff


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

For those calls at which the physician cannot be present there should be:




a. a detailed plan for all the actions of the EMT


b. a chief officer present


c. standing orders for treatment


d. all of the above

c. standing orders for treatment

A reference tool which should be placed on every emergency vehicle is the:




a. Physician's Desk Reference


b. Merck Manual


c. CPS or Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties


d. EMT textbook

c. CPS or Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties

The EMT's ethical responsibilities combined with his/her legal duty to the patient, public, and medical director are called:




a. scope of practice


b. medical direction


c. duty to act


d. advanced directives

a. scope of practice

Positive ways of dealing with stress include all of the following EXCEPT:




a. developing more healthful and positive habits


b. exercising


c. devoting time to relaxing


d. requesting a busier work shift

d. requesting a busier work shift

Emergencies that seem to have a higher potential for causing excess stress on EMS providers include all the following EXCEPT:




a. call involving infants and children


b. call involving medical emergencies


c. multiple casualty incidents


d. death of a co-worker

b. call involving medical emergencies

A process where a team of trained peer counsellors and mental health professionals meet with EMT's who have been involved in a major incident is called a/an:




a. quality circle


b. CISD


c. ongoing assessment


d. quality assurance review

B. CISD

A reaction to death or dying where the patient says, "If you would just let him be okay, I would..." is referred to as:




a. denial


b. acceptance


c. depression


d. bargaining

d. bargaining

Of the following, which is not a responsibility of the EMT:




a. patient assessment


b. diagnosis


c. lifting and moving


d. transfer of care

b. diagnosis

Medical identification insignia that indicates serious medical conditions come in:




a. necklaces


b. bracelets


c. wallet cards


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

The program for evaluating and improving the effectiveness of the EMS system is called:




a. evaluation


b. quality improvement


c. quality assessment


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

The only time(s) when you can release confidential patient information is(are) to:




a. inform other health care professionals who need information in order to continue care


b. comply with a legal subpoena


c. report incidents required by law such as rape of abuse


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

Emergency Medical Dispatch has been developed to:




a. provide an exact location of the caller using GPS


b. see what is going on at the scene.


c. allow dispatchers to provide instructions to the caller until EMS arrives.


d. all of the above.

c. allow dispatchers to provide instructions to the caller until EMS arrives.

The type of medical control where a physician may either confirm or modify a proposed treatment plan over the radio or telephone is referred to as:




a. offline or indirect medical control.


b. retrospective Medical control.


c. online or direct medical control.


d. implied medical control.

c. online or direct medical control.

A Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) system is designed to:




a. identify medical mistakes and punish those who commit them.


b. identify new trends in medical care and implement them.


c. identify EMS providers who have to recertify.


d. identify areas of improvement and appropriate education to help fix them.



d. identify areas of improvement and appropriate education to help fix them.

The roles and responsibilities of the EMT-B do not include:




a. placing yourself or your partner at risk to save a patient's life.


b. providing essential immediate intervention.


c. advising the patient of any procedures you will perform.


d. documenting all findings and care on the patient care report.

a. placing yourself or your partner at risk to save a patient's life.

When you are called to assist a patient who is uncooperative and verbally abusive, you should:




a. treat the patient in a similar manner to gain control of the situation.


b. leave the scene and go back in service.


c. threaten the patient with force if they don't calm down


d. treat the patient with respect and call for law enforcement assistance.

d. treat the patient with respect and call for law enforcement assistance.

The second phase of a coordinated continuum of care is:




a. the patient receives assessment and stabilization in the hospital emergency department.


b. the patient receives the necessary definitive specialized care.


c. the patient recognizes an emergency and initiates the EMS system.


d. the patient is assessed, treated, packaged, and transported to the hospital.

d. the patient is assessed, treated, packaged, and transported to the hospital.

The party responsible for ensuring that an EMT maintains his or her ability to provide high-quality EMS care and updates his or her knowledge of EMS care is the:




a. state regulatory authority


b. EMT


c. medical director


d. EMS agency chief

b. EMT

According to Dr. Kubler-Ross, the stage of the grieving process identified by the open expression of grief, hopelessness, and the desire to die is:




a. denial


b. acceptance


c. bargaining


d. depression

d. depression

When dealing with the death of a child, the EMT-B should:




a. attempt to joke with the family regarding the circumstances


b. tell the family that child is going to "make it."


c. acknowledge to the family that the child is dead.


d. not tell the family anything until a clergy member is present.

c. acknowledge to the family that the child is dead.

The three stages of the body's reaction to stress (general adaptation syndrome) do not include:




a. the alarm response


b. burnout


c. reaction and resistance


d. recovery or exhaustion

b. burnout

The goal of universal precautions is to:




a. protect you from all infectious diseases.


b. protect you from all hazardous materials.


c. interrupt the transmission of germs.


d. prevent exposure to stressful situations.

c. interrupt the transmission of germs.

If you suspect that a patient has a communicable disease, you may:




a. refuse to treat them


b. delay treating them while you wait to learn the seriousness of the condition.


c. pause to don appropriate personal protective equipment.


d. none of the above.

c. pause to don appropriate personal protective equipment.

The carrier of an infectious organism:




a. may never know that they have the disease.


b. will always tell an EMT-B that they are contagious.


c. can only transmit the disease by exposure to blood.


d. can be traced through an investigation.

a. may never know that they have the disease.

One of the simplest and most effective ways to control disease transmission is to:




a. wear latex gloves on all EMS calls


b. wear a HEPA mask during long transports


c. wash your hands after every call


d. recap a dirty needle after it is used

c. wash your hands after every call

If you arrive at the scene of a motor vehicle crash involving a truck with a black and white diamond-shaped label stating "corrosive" that is leaking a fluid, you should:




a. slowly walk around the vehicles, looking for more leaks.


b. keep a safe distance from the scene and notify dispatch of a hazardous material.


c. quickly but carefully run to the cab of the truck to check for patients.


d. begin treating any patients.

b. keep a safe distance from the scene and notify dispatch of a hazardous material.

At violent situations, EMS personnel should:




a. assume that parties will not try to harm EMS providers.


b. enter the scene as soon as law enforcement arrives.


c. trust that bystanders will protect them from possible harm.


d. enter the scene only when law enforcement indicates it is safe.

d. enter the scene only when law enforcement indicates it is safe.

The _____________________ is commonly defined by state law and outlines the care that an EMT-B may provide.




a. standard of care


b. duty to act


c. scope of practice


d. good samaritan law

c. scope of practice

Deviation from the established standard of care may:




a. result in civil prosecution


b. bring sanctions from state regulatory agencies


c. cause criminal charges to be filed


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

In determining legal negligence, the following four elements must be present: duty, breach of duty, damages and:




a. abandonment


b. cause


c. neglect


d. consent

b. cause

The type of consent that assumes that an unconscious person would want to receive care is:




a. implied consent


b. expressed consent


c. informed consent


d. denied consent

a. implied consent

If a mentally competent patient with a minor injury refuses transport to a hospital, you should:




a. return to service immediately


b. document your assessment on a patient care report and have the patient sign a refusal form.


c. contact law enforcement to have the patient arrested and taken to the hospital.


d. restrain the patient and transport them to the hospital.

b. document your assessment on a patient care report and have the patient sign a refusal form.

An advance directive is a document that specifies:




a. when an EMT should not resuscitate a patient.


b. who an EMT should call if the patient becomes unconscious.


c. medical treatments that a patient would like to withhold or receive if they become unable to make decisions.


d. types of "comfort care" that an EMT should assist with.

c. medical treatments that a patient would like to withhold or receive if they become unable to make decisions.

Compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) generally has the following effect:




a. Protected heath information can be shared EMS providers for training.


b. Follow-up with hospitals regarding patient care has become easier.


c. Protected health information may be shared with those directly providing patient care.


d. all of the above

c. Protected health information may be shared with those directly providing patient care.

An incomplete or untidy patient care report may be viewed by a court as:




a. acceptable if you work for a busy service.


b. evidence of incompetence by the author


c. understandable if you are a volunteer


d. excusable if it only happens rarely

b. evidence of incompetence by the author

Definitive signs of death include the following except:




a. dependent lividity


b. exposed brain tissue


c. rigor mortis


d. decapitation

b. exposed brain tissue

When treating a patient with a serious head injury and the patient is a known organ donor and may not live, you should:




a. treat the patient in the same manner you would another patient with similar injuries.


b. give the patient extra oxygen.


c. give the patient a higher priority because they can save several lives.


d. treat the patient as if they had a do not resuscitate order.

a. treat the patient in the same manner you would another patient with similar injuries.