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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
An individual that has certain rights guaranteed by government.
Citizen
A system of law based on previous court decisions.
Common Law
System of hereditary rule that limits the power of the monarch with a written document that sets up checks and balances on power.
Constitutional Monarchy
Rule by the people (Aristotle)
Democracy
Democracy in which citizens make the laws.
Direct Democracy
The structures and institutions (branches) that allocate political power.
Government
1st monotheistic religion. Old Testament~Moses, Abraham
Judaism
Traditions that set up the basis of morality of law. Contribute to concepts of fairness, justice, equality, and tolerance.
Judeo-Christian Tradition
The task of government to carry out the law.
Justice
"Great Letter" or "Great Charter" presented to King John in 1215 that limited the right of the king, and required consent of the lords.
MAGNA CARTA
The hereditary transition of executive power. (Divine right)
Monarchy
Rights guaranteed by birth (life, liberty,property/happiness) John Locke
Natural Rights
Representative democracy (Example-Rome)
Republic
Order and consent to obey the laws of the state/government
Rule of Law
Obligations by citizens to obey the law in exchange for protection of rights by government (Rosseau)
Social Contract
Seizing power by force (Coup d 'etat) or a ruler that does not protect the peoples rights-like a dinosaur
Tyranny
1st Ten Amendments to the US Constitution-Protections of individual rights
Bill of Rights
Document that explained the complaints against King George III and parliament by the US colonists
Declaration of Independence
Belief that god endows monarchs with the right to be king or queen
Divine Right
Document presented to the King in 1689 that lays out certain individual rights. Becomes the foundation of the Bill of Rights.
English Bill of Rights
Document written by the National Assembly that lays out the rights of French citizens. Modeled on the US Declaration on Independence and Bill of Rights.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Events that lead to the overthrow of the French monarchy, lead to the Reign of Terror, a directory government, and end with the Napoleonic Empire
French Revolution
Often referred to as the Revolution on Horseback. General who becomes Emperor of France.
Napoleon Bonaparte
Ideology marked by strong ethnic, linguistic, or cultural feelings and drive to form a separate nations
Nationalism
Legislative branch in England that consists of two houses (House of Lords and House of Commons)
Parliament
Philosopher that wrote about the separation of powers in three branches and the concept of checks and balances
Montesquieu
Philosopher that strongly believed in freedom of speech and expression. Foundation of the First Amendment
Voltaire
Division of power into three branches.
Separation of Powers.
Change in one type of government to a new type of government through use of force or peaceful means.
Revolution
Movement that starts in Italy (Florence) that renews interest in humanism mainly through art
Renaissance
Movement in Europe that challenged the old order of the Catholic Church and resulted in the emergence of Protestant Religions (Martin Luther)
Reformation
Movement that begins to challenge long held beliefs about the age of the planet, the center of the solar system, and the beliefs of the church
Scientific Revolution
Movement that changed the way people looked at the world around them and started to question the old order.
Enlightenment