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18 Cards in this Set

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Community
A group of people who have common characteristics. This can be defined by location, race, ethnicity, age, occupation, interest in particular problems or outcomes, or common bonds.
-Geographical area with specific boundaries, a group of people who have common characteristics, defined by population side
Public Health
Things that society does collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy (street cleaning & garbage pickup)
Community Health
Health status of a defined group of people and the actions to promote, protect, and protect, and preserve the people’s health.
Personal Health Activities
Individual actions and decisions making that affect the health of an individual or their immediate family.
Morbidity Rate
The incidence/frequency of a particular disease or disorder in a population
Mortality Rate
Rate of death in a population
Acute Diseases
Lasts three months of less (cold)
Chronic Diseases
Lasts longer than three months, Incidence and prevalence rates expressed as crude or specific (cancer)
Epidemiology
study of distribution & determinants of health-related states of events in specified populations (population medicine)
Epidemic
Unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific health-related behavior or event, in a particular population
Pandemic
outbreak over wide geographic area (H1N1), widespread area
Biologic Causative Agents
pathogen/toxin (fungi, metazoa, viruses, rickettsiae, bacteria, protozoa) (NOT pesticides & food additives)
Mental Health
Emotional and social well-being; psychological resources for dealing with day-to-day problems of life
Mental Disorders
Health conditions characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior (or some combination thereof) associated with distress and/or impaired functioning
Empowered Community
“One in which individuals & organizations apply their skills & resources in collective efforts to meet their receptive needs.”
Environmental Health
the study & management of environmental conditions that affect our health & well-being
Health Disparities
The difference in health between different populations. They can result from poverty, environmental threats, lack of health care, individual & behavioral factors, educational inequalities.
Social Determinants of Health
conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.