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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

andr/o

male

balan/o

glans penis

crypt/o

hidden

epididym/o

epididymis

orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o

testis, testicle (1)

pen

penis

semin/o

semen, seed

terat/o

monster

test/o

testes, testicle (2)

varic/o

varicose vein

vas/o

vessel, duct; vas deferens

-genesis

formation

-one

hormone

-pexy

fixation; putting in place

-stomy

new opening

bulbourethral glands (Cowper glands)

located near the male urethra; secretes fluid into the urethra

epididymis

pair of long, coiled tubes above each testes. They store and carry sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vas deferens

Leydig cells

specialized cells in the testes that produce testosterone (interstitial cells of the testes)

prepuce

foreskin

scrotum

external sac that contains the testes

seminal vesicles

exocrine glands that secrete fluid into the vas deferens

testis

one testicle

testes

two testicles

vas deferens

narrow tube that carries sperm from the epididymis towards the urethra

testicular cancer

The most common tumor in men ages 15-34. This is one of the cancers that affect young men, and it typically presents as a painless mass.

seminoma

most common type of testicular cancer

cryptorchism, cryptorchidism

the failure of the testis to descend from its intra-abdominal location into the scrotum

orchiopexy

the treatment for cryptorchism/cryptorchidism

hydrocele

a collection of serous fluid that results from a defect or irritation in the tunica vaginalis of the scrotum

testicular torsion

a urologic emergency where the testicle twists spontaneously on the spermatic cord 1 or more times

varicocele

the reverse flow of blood stretches and enlarges the tiny veins around the testicle, creating this. It is a tangled network of blood vessels

prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate that frequently occurs as part of the aging process

prostate cancer

the most common cancer in American men (30%) but has a very low fatality rate (3%). Complications from this are related to both the disease and the treatment.

hypospadias

a birth defect in boys in which the urinary tract opening is not located properly at the tip of the penis. The opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis

phimosis

inability to retract the distal prepuce over the glans penis. Occurs in the uncircumcised penis

congenital phimosis

phimosis that is physiologic in young children

acquired phimosis

phimosis that is likely due to a history of poor hygiene, or the forceful retraction of a congenital phimosis

paraphimosis

entrapment of a retracted foreskin behind the coronal sulcus

chlamydial infection

the #1 bacterial STI in the US, known as the "silent epidemic" because 3/4 of women and 1/3 of men with the disease have no symptoms

gonorrhea

STI caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae

herpes genitalis (genital herpes)

infection caused by the herpes simplex virus/HSV

type 1 herpes

herpes that most commonly infects the lips, causing sores known as fever blisters or cold sores, but can also infect the genital area

type 2 herpes

the usual cause of genital herpes, but it can also affect the mouth during oral sex

syphilis

sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, and it is often called the "great imitator" because so many signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other disease. Passed from person to person via. direct contact with a syphilis sore. Treated with penicillin

chancre

a single, painless lesion that is a classic symptom of syphilis

primary stage syphilis

marked by the appearance of one or more chancres that disappear in 3-6 weeks

secondary stage syphilis

skin breaks into a rash that does not itch along with fever, lymphadenopathy, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headaches, weight loss, muscle aches, and fatigue

tertiary stage syphilis

the latent stage of syphilis where the secondary symptoms disappear

congenital syphilis

syphilis passed from the mother to the fetus during pregnancy. Classic symptom is Hutchinson teeth

prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

a blood sample is analyzed for a substance that's naturally produced by the prostate gland to help liquefy semen

transrectal ultrasound

ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum to evaluate the prostate. A biopsy of the prostate can also be performed if necessary with the guide of the probe

prostate biopsy

a fine, hollow needle is aimed at the center of prostate, and a spring propels the needle into the prostate gland and retrieves a very thin section of tissue

semen analysis

a test in infertility analysis where the semen is observed for volume, viscosity, pH and color of the ejaculate, sperm concentration, motility, morphology, and forward progression of the sperm

castration

excision of both testicles (not the removal of the penis).

progrestrone

injections of this can be used for chemical castration

eunuch

castration prior to puberty, resulting in the failure of the development of male sex characteristics

circumcision

the removal of the prepuce of the foreskin. Usually performed on the 1st or 2nd day after birth and only takes about 5-10 minutes.

digital rectal examination (DRE)

insertion of a gloved, lubricated finger into the patient's rectum to examine the prostate (texture, shape, and size are analyzed)

transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

a device is inserted up the urethra via the penis, and the excess prostate capsule material is removed

green light photoselective vaporization of the prostate

removal of benign prostatic tissue using a green light laser. Used more than TURP because it is less invasive

vasectomy

operation which blocks the tubes (vas deferens) which carry a man's sperm to the penis. Less expensive and involves fewer complications than a tubal ligation

erectile dysfunction (impotence)

a presistent or recurrent failure to reach or maintain a complete erection

primary impotence

the patient has never maintained an erection

secondary impotence

patient has lost the ability to maintain an erection

selective impotence

person cannot maintain an erection due to a person or specific situation

viagra (silendafil), cialis (tadalafil), levitra (vardenafil)

treatments commonly used to treat impotence. These are phosphodiesterase inhibitors that are involved with smooth muscle activity