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73 Cards in this Set

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Incas
Their empire was founded by Patchacuti. There was a split of the empire because of a civil war and Francisco Pizarro took advantage and took over most of the territory.
Mayans
It was a great empire that kept getting bigger until the Spanish arrived. They didn't create writing,epigraphy or the calendar, but fully developed them. They were mostly noted for their art, architecture,math, and astronomical .
Aztecs
They were the main people that were from Mesoamerica form 14th century to the 16th century. Their capital was Tenochtitlan. Hernan Cortez conquered the Triple alliance under the ruler, Moctezuma II.
Chaco Canyon
It was a major center of culture. It could read the sun cycles and they believed they emigrated due to the drought of 1130 that lasted for 50 years.
Woodland Indians
They were Indians that were in the 19th of North America. Iy was a cultural area.
Mobile Societies(Native Americans)
They were the people that were here before the Europeans, French, or any other country and helped the Americans help with agricultural techniques and land development.
Agriculture(Natives)
They developed agriculture that was adapted to the climate of America. They grew crops and their major ones were squash, maize, and climbing beans. They taught these techniques to the Europeans.
Leif Erikson
He was a Norse explorer that was named the first European in America. He arrived 500 years before Columbus.
Prince Henry the Navigator
he was the prince of Portugal. he was the explorer leader of the first expedition.
Christopher Columbus
He was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer. He wasn't the first one to the Americas, but was the second and he created contact with Europeans and Natives.
Ferdinand Magellan
He was the first one to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
The Conquistadors
The were a group of Spanish that brought much of America under th leadership of Christopher Columbus.
Hernan Cortes
He was a Spanish explorer that took over and caused the Aztec Empire to fall.
Francisco Pizarro
he was a Spanish conquistador and conquered the Incas.
Ordinance of Discovery (Aztec)
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Catholic Missions (Natives)
The missions were for Indians who wanted to convert to Christianity, instead of getting killed or as a slave.
St. Augustine 1565
Founded in 1565 by a Spanish admiral and explorer,Pedro Menedez de Aviles.
Ecomiendas
It was a labor system employed by the Spanish during colonization of the Americas.
Pueblo Revolt
Also called the Pope's rebellion, it was a revolt from the pueblo people of colonization in America in the province of New Mexico.
Mestizo
It was a Spanish term that referred to the people of mixed European and Native ancestry.
John Cabot
He was an Italian explorer and navigator and discovered America in 1497
Richard Hakluyt
He was an English who supported America colonization by the English.
Doctrine of Predestination
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The English Reformation
It was a series of events which was the Church of England breaking away from the Pope and Roman Catholic Church.
John Calvin
he was an influential French theologian and pastor during the protestant reformation. He was important in the development of the system of Christian theology(Calvinism)
Puritan Separatist
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Elizabeth the I
She was the Queen of England. She was also the fifth and last of the Tudor dynasty.
Coureurs De Bois
It was a person that went selling and trading fur without permission.
New Amsterdam
It was a 17th-century Dutch colonial settlement that served as the capital of New Netherland. It later became New York City.
West India Company
was a chartered company established in 1664. Their charter gave them the property and seignory of Canada, Acadia, the Antilles, Cayenne, and the terra firma of South America, from the Amazon to the Orinoco.
Sir Walter Raleigh
was an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy and explorer who is also largely known for popularising tobacco in England.
Roanoke
it was an enterprise financed and organized by Sir Walter Raleigh
James I
he ruled England, Scotland, and Ireland for 22 years, often using the title King of Great Britain
Lord De Lawar
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Tobacco
it was a cash crop that helped the economy though it had dried up the nutrients which meant for more land and disputes with the natives.
Virginia Company
purposes of establishing settlements on the coast of North America that gave people land for new settlers.
Powhatan
they were a powerful tribe in the Virginia area. they had many issues with the colonists.
Maryland and the Calvert
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Proprietary Rule
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Toleration Act
was a law mandating religious tolerance for trinitarian Christians.
Plymouth Plantation
one of the earliest successful colonies to be founded by the English in North America and the first sizable permanent English settlement in the New England region.
Mayflower Compact
was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony.
William Bradford
was an English leader of the settlers of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, and was elected thirty times to be the Governor after John Carver died.
Colonial Currency
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John Winthrop
obtained a royal charter,he was voted out of the governorship and then re-elected a total of 12 times,was a respected political figure,
Theocratic Society
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Roger Williams
was an American Protestant theologian, and the first American proponent of religious freedom and the separation of church and state. In 1636, he began the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, which provided a refuge for religious minorities.
Anne Hutchinson
wass a pioneer settler in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Netherlands and the unauthorized minister of a dissident church discussion group,he went beyond Bible study to proclaim her own theological interpretations of sermons.ffended the colony leadership. A major controversy ensued and after a trial before a jury of officials and clergy, she was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Pequot War
it was as an armed conflict in 1634-1638 between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies with Native American allies (the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes) against the Pequot tribe. The result was the elimination of the Pequot.
King Philips War
ometimes called Metacom's War or Metacom's Rebellion was an armed conflict between Native American inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Native American allies in 1675–1676. The war is named after the main leader of the Native American side, Metacomet, Metacom, or Pometacom, known to the English as "King Philip".It continued in northern New England (primarily on the Maine frontier) even after King Philip was killed, until a treaty was signed at Casco Bay in April 1678
The Narragansetts
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English Civil War
was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists.
Middle Colonies
were one area of the region's production of wheat, grain, and oats
Quakers
they were people that were different and unpopular with the rest of England. they mwere hanged or they fleeted
Charter of Liberties
as a written proclamation by Henry I of England, issued upon his accession to the throne in 1100. It sought to bind the King to certain laws regarding the treatment of church officials and nobles.
Black Codes
were laws passed on the state and local level in the United States, but mostly in the south, to limit the basic human rights and civil liberties of African Americans
Holy Experiment
was an attempt by the Quakers to establish a community for themselves in Pennsylvania. They hoped it would show to the world how well they could function on their own without any persecution or dissension.
California 1760’s
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James Oglethorpe
was a British general, a philanthropist, and was the founder of the colony of Georgia
Mercantilism
is an economic theory, thought to be a form of economic nationalism that holds that the prosperity of a nation is dependent upon its supply of capital, and that the global volume of international trade is "unchangeable".
The Navigation Acts
ere a series of laws which restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England (after 1707 Great Britain) and its colonies, which started in 1651.
Sir Edmond Andros
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The Glorious Revolution
was the overthrow of King James II of England (VII of Scotland and II of Ireland) in 1688 by a union of Parliamentarians with an invading army led by the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau (William of Orange) who, as a result, ascended the English throne as William III of England together with his wife Mary II of England.
Willaim Bradford
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Cambridge Agreement
The Cambridge Agreement was a deal over whether the Massachusetts Bay Colony would be under local control, in New England, or under the control of a corporate board in London.
Church of England (Anglican)
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Covenant Theology
s a conceptual overview and interpretive framework for understanding the overall flow of the Bible. It uses the theological concept of covenant as an organizing principle for Christian theology.
Halfway Covenant
was a form of partial church membership created by New England in 1662. It was promoted in particular by the Reverend Solomon Stoddard, who felt that the people of the English colonies were drifting away from their original religious purpose.
Thomas Hooker
was a prominent Puritan religious and colonial leader, who founded the Colony of Connecticut after dissenting with Puritan leaders in Massachusetts.
Saybrook Plattform
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Joint Stock Company
is a type of business entity: it is a type of corporation or partnership involving two or more legal persons. Certificates of ownership (or stocks) are issued by the company in return for each financial contribution, and the shareholders are free to transfer their ownership interest at any time by selling their stockholding to others.
Cavaliers (1642-1647)
as the name used by Parliamentarians for a Royalist supporter of King Charles I during the English Civil War (1642–1651).
John Locke
widely known as the Father of Liberalism was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists,