Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

periodical essay

Addison & Steele / Spectator & Tattler


short, affordable, frequently published, accessible, easy language, entertainment, ease of style

urban pastoral

representing rurality, rural activities, recreational


rural idleness

urban georgic

treats of countryside as place of labor/production


rural labor

town eclogue

apply to various kinds of short writings


pastoral/rural poetry

parody

imitate/use elements of something for purpose of style


satire/mocking

burlesque

sub-type of parody


using conventions of a certain genre to mock society/people involved/represented


can take high style to low subjects, or vice versa

epic simile

extended simile of several lines, linking by 'so' or 'as'

mock epic

realistic/gritty content


satirizes epic; applies lofty language to low subject

closed couplet

2 lines of verse, sense of closure/containment, syntax comes to conclusion, strong pause

end-stop

stopped at the end of the second line with punctuation

heroic couplet

rhymed pair of iambic pentameter lines

iambic pentameter

5 iambs of unstressed/stressed

enjambment

pouring over of one line of poetry to the next

elegy

type of lyric poem that is mourning someone who's lost


more generally a poem of mourning/loss

lyric

to show a process of perceptions/feelings


single speaker taking you through thoughts/feelings


emotional process/thought

sonnet

14 lines


petrarchan/italian = 8 lines, turn, 6 lines


shakespearean/english = 3 quatrains, turn, couplet

sensibility

human capacity for sensory perception and emotions

narrative

type of poetry that mainly exists to tell a story


repetition


tragic incident

popular ballad

sub-category of narrative


told with dialogue


oral poetry, bare essentials, no extra, tight, refrain from editorializing, reader inferring

dramatic lyric

sub-category of lyric


"Tintern Abbey"


lyric that has another person present in poem

dramatic

dramatic work written in lines of verse


blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

byronic hero

introspective, moody, broods a lot, isolated, passionate nature, want to be in charge of their fate/independent, strange secret about them, super-intelligent, reject/defiant to authority, tortured figure, noble class/pedigree

closet drama

drama not intended for the stage or for being performed, just read

anti-hero

flawed, lacking in traditional qualities associated with heroes (power, strength, greatness, nobility, etc.)


elicit sympathy from reader

frame tale/narrative

story within a story/tale within a tale

objective correlative

external equivalent for internal state of mind


(nature)

John Dryden

1631-1700


heroic couplet, conversational and clear prose, diverse ability


"Annus Mirabilis"

Anne Finch

1661-1720


high family born


retired into natural surroundings


"The Introduction"


"A Nocturnal Reverie"


Jonathan Swift

1667-1745


satire


poetry never without a moral view


"A Description of a City Shower"


"A Description of the Morning"

Alexander Pope

1688-1744


unique: wit, satire, style, voice


large scope of issues being addressed


not afraid to take on large entities


bravado/ego/confidence


"An Essay on Man"


"Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot"


"The Dunciad- The Triumph of Dulness"


"Essay on Criticism"



Samuel Johnson

1709-1784


critical voice, prose voice


truth and realism


"Rasselas"


"Rasselas"

concern for imagination


realities of human life and Johnson's work as a writer


novelty of change to solitude is at first good but becomes tedious


fancy/imagination very powerful


attempting to control nature/ascendancy


not to strive after any one thing

Thomas Gray


1716-1771


scholar, classicist, poet


surge of interest in lower class/rural folk


"Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard"

Charlotte Smith


1749-1806

mourning in poems comes from tough life


elegaic sonnets, popular, important to sonnet


nature in a diff. vein/ human concerns


"Written at the Close of Spring"


"Written in the Churchyard at Middleton in Sussex"


"On Being Cautioned Against Walking on an Headland Overlooking the Sea, Because It Was Frequented by a Lunatic"

William Blake


1757-1827

questioning authority, steeped in Bible


"Songs of Innocence"


"Songs of Innocence and Experience"


contrariness produces progression

William Wordsworth


1770-1850

"Simon Lee"


"We Are Seven"


"Tintern Abbey"


"Preface to Lyrical Ballads"


"The Prelude"


Lord Byron


1788-1824

known for being wild


fought for working class



"Manfred"

Percy Bysshe Shelley


1792-1822

radical/rebel


passionate, bucked pedigree


wanted to have a large audience/impact


"England in 1819"


"Ode to the West Wind"


"To A Sky Lark"


"A Defence of Poetry"

"England of 1819"

kings and princes


French Revolution 1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo


economic depression


peaceful demonstration led to Peterloo Massacre

"Defence of Poetry"

poets as legislators and prophets


unacknowledged legislators


that which is true, good, beautiful


as well as eternal, infinite, one


poets make laws (right laws) but are unacknowledged

Mary Shelley


1797-1851

"Frankenstein"


Frankenstein

frame tale


objective correlative


Frankenstein and Creature as Byronic Hero?


Anti hero?


Themes: education, domestic, sympathy


tragic hero

character neither thoroughly good or bad, evokes both pity and terror


tragic effect stronger if hero is "better" than reader is


suffers from some change in fortune - brought from happiness to misery


big change could be from a mistake in choice in action or could be a tragic flaw (i.e. too much pride)


misfortune seems to be too much, undeserved

terza rima

verse form, rhymed tercets linked by rhyme


aba bcb cdc ded etc


(i.e. "Ode to the West Wind")