Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
in a woman, erection of the clitoris, engorgement of the labia, and secretion of the Bartholin glands are caused by the sympathetic/parasympathetic
parasympathetic
parasympathetic/sympathetic causes orgasm in a woman
sympathetic
steps in oogenesis
-oogonia (mitosis/multiplication)
-primary oocytes - arrested until puberty
-secondary ooctyes - created when a woman starts menstruating
-mature secondary oocytes - arrested in middle of second meiotic division until fertilization
-ova made after sperm penetrates ooctye
isolated oocyte on a mound of granulosa cells; formed from Graafian follicle
cumulus oophorus
granulosa cells around the oocyte
cumulus cells/corona radiata
the ruptured Graafian follicle develops into the ?, which secretes ?
corpus luteum
progesterone
the corpus luteum is made of converted granulosa cells called ?
luteal cells
3 stages of menstrual cycle
Follicular
Ovulatory
Luteal
4 phases of the uterus
-proliferative
-secretory
-ischemic
-menstrual
the proliferative phase is caused by ? secreted by graulosa cells.
estradiol
the secretory phase is caused by ? secreted by the luteal cells
progesterone
the ischemic phase is triggered by ? withdrawal, caused by degeneration of the corpus luteum.
progesterone
hormones in birth control pills; how pills generally work
estrogen, progesterone

suppress LH surge by maintaining elevated levels of estrogen
how does mifepristone (RU-486) work?
binds to progesterone receptors so that the body thinks no progesterone is present; uterine lining sloughs off as a consequence, and the baby goes with it
define menopause.
a woman's last menstrual period.
what therapies reduce bone lost in women with osteoporosis?
estrogen, calcitonin, biphosphonates (inhibit osteclasts)
what treatment "tricks the system," triggering osteoblasts to build bone but not leaving time to stimulate osteoclasts?
PTH