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28 Cards in this Set

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The person can look within for guiding values and rules and does not allow others to dictate their decisions and behavior.

Autonomy and Independence

The person is oriented towards growth and self-actualization

Maximization of one's potential

The person can face the day with hope and a positive outlook despite not knowing what lies ahead

Tolerence of life's uncertainties

The person has a realistic awareness of his or her abilities and limitations

Self-esteem

The person can influence the environment in a capable competent and creative manner

Mastery of the environment

The person can distinguish the real world from a dream fact from fantasy and act accordingly

Reality orientation

The person can experience failure without devastation and uses support from family and friends to cope with crises

Stress management

The state of complete physical mental and social well-being not merely the absence of disease and infirmity

WHO definition of health

The state of emotional, mental, and psychological wellness evidenced by satisfying interpersonal relationships, emotional stability, positive self-concept and effective behavior and coping.

Mental health

A clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that is associated with present distress or disability or an increased risk of death, pain and disability.

Mental disorder

General criteria to diagnose mental disorders

1) Dissatisfaction with one's capabilities


2) Ineffective relationships


3) Dissatisfaction with one's place in the world


4) Ineffective coping with life events


5) Lack of personal growth

Factors contributing to mental illness

Individual


Interpersonal


Social/cultural factors

Purposes of DSM

To provide a standardized nomenclature for mental health professionals


To provide the defining characteristics that differentiate mental disorders


To help in identifying the underlying causes of disorders.

Axis for identifying all major psychiatric disorders except mental retardation and personality disorders

Axis 1

Axis for reporting mental retardation and personality disorders

Axis 2

Axis for reporting relevant medical conditions

Axis 3

Axis for reporing psychosocial and environmental problems that may affect the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of mental disorders

Axis 4

Axis that presents a Global Assessment of Functioning, which rates the person's psychological functioning on a scale of 0 to 100

Axis 5

The scientific study of psychiatry began with _______

Sigmund Freud

Who challenged society to view humans objectively?

Freud

Who classified mental disorders according to their symptoms?

Kraeplin

Who coined the term schizophrenia?

Bleuler

What are psychotropic drugs?

drugs used to treat mental illness

Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

An antipsychotic

Lithium

Antimanic

Monoamine oxidase inhibitor

Antidepressant

Haloperidol (Haldol)

Antipsychotic

Benzodiazepine

Antianxiety agents