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12 Cards in this Set

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The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment is the:
a) Group level
b) Individual level
c) Procedural level
d) Implementation level
b) Individual level
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective interventions for socially significant behavior by focusing on the
a) Behavior of individuals with cognitive delays
b) Common behavior of groups of individuals
c) Behavior of individual subjects
d) Behavior of professionals
c) Behavior of individual subjects
Combining analytic tactics in an experimental design is a good idea when
a) It allows for a more convincing demonstration of experimental effect
b) The research question is too broad for a single design
c) The procedures are quite complex
d) None of these is a justification for combining tactics
a) It allows for a more convincing demonstration of experimental effect
The research tactic for examining two or more elements of a treatment package is called a(n)
a) Alternating treatment design
b) Multiple baseline across interventions
c) Multiple treatments
d) Component analysis
d) Component analysis
Experiments that demonstrate a clear functional relationship between the independent variable and the observed behavior are said to have a high degree of
a) Internal validity
b) External validity
c) Social validity
d) Reliability
a) Internal validity
An uncontrolled factor that is known or suspected to have exerted influence on the dependent variable is called a(n)
a) Extraneous factor
b) Confounding variable
c) Behavioral control
d) Maintaining event
b) Confounding variable
All of the following are methods for assessing the social validity of outcomes except:
a) Comparing participants' performance to the performance of a normative sample
b) Using standardized assessment instruments
c)Asking consumers to rate the social validity of participant outcomes
d) Asking the researchers to rate the social validity of participant outcomes
d) Asking the researchers to rate the social validity of participant outcomes
The ultimate purpose of social validity assessment is to
a) Guide behavior change program development and application
b) Improve researchers' chances of publication
c) Improve the relationship between researchers and clients
d) Increase the magnitude of behavior change
a) Guide behavior change program development and application
The degree to which a functional relationship can be demonstrated in circumstances that are different from the experimental conditions is called:
a) Internal validity
b) Treatment acceptability
c) Replication
d) External validity
d) External validity
Which of the following research designs have contributed the least in terms of effective technology for behavior change?
a) Group comparison designs
b) Multiple baseline across settings
c) Reversal designs
d) Component analyses
a) Group comparison designs
Which of the following is a factor not to consider when determining whether or not a functional relation has been demonstrated in an experiment?
a) The degree to which the researcher controlled potential confounds
b) An examination of the measurement system
c) Visual analysis and interpretation of the data
d) Systematic replication of effects
d) Systematic replication of effects
Which of the following is not a reason that applied behavior analysts favor visual analysis of data over statistical methods?
a) Statistical significance is not the target outcome for behavior analysts.
b) Visual analysis is well suited for demonstrating strong effects.
c) Highly variable data may not be statistically significant.
d) Predetermined criteria of statistical tests offer less flexibility in experimental design.
c) Highly variable data may not be statistically significant.