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22 Cards in this Set

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Pendentives

-a dome rest on a second larger dome


-made it possible to set a round dome over a square one

Mandorla

almond shaped aureole of light

almond shaped aureole of light


Paten

large shallow bowl or plate for the Eucharist bread

large shallow bowl or plate for the Eucharist bread

Chi-rho-iota

monogram for Christ

monogram for Christ

Iconoclasm

-the destruction of images used in religious worship


-the end of the first Byzantine Art period

Theotokos

-"she who bore God"

Minarets

Modifications on the preexisting Roman square towers

Modifications on the preexisting Roman square towers

Qibla

the direction (towards Mecca) Muslims face while praying

Imam

leader of collective worship

Mihrab

a semicircular niche usually set into the qibla wall.

Calligraphy

ornamental writing

Kufic Script

angular writing with the uprights forming almost right angles with the baseline

Cloisonne

a cross between mosaic and stained glass 

a cross between mosaic and stained glass

Vellum

paper made from calfskin

Radiating chapels

three semicircular chapel opening into the ambulatory that surrounds the choir  

three semicircular chapel opening into the ambulatory that surrounds the choir

Barrel Vault

Groin vaults

Compound Piers

piers with columns or pila

Historiated capitals

capitals on columns ornamented with figures

Tympanum

the prominent semicircular lunette above the doorway proper

the prominent semicircular lunette above the doorway proper

Jambs

the side posts of the doorway

the side posts of the doorway

Trumeau

the center post supporting the lintel in the middle of the doorway

the center post supporting the lintel in the middle of the doorway