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55 Cards in this Set

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Linear A/Linear B

Forms of writing used in certain prehistoric Aegean times

Labyrinth

A maze, complicated network

Citadel

A fortress dominating a city

Cyclopean masonry

A type of stonework from the Mycenaeans using limestones with no mortar

Corbelled arch

A type of arch created by having stones get more closed in as they go up

Tholos

A round building or tomb

Dome

A rounded vault forming a roof of a building

Wet fresco

When an artist paints on wet plaster so that it dries and becomes part of the wall

Kamares Ware

A type of ceramic produced by the Minoans

Faience

Glazed ceramic ware

Repousse

Metalwork hammered into a relief on the opposite side

Register

Artwork that is separated by different levels (like a comic book)

Black figure

Painted black figures on a lighter background, most likely red

Red figure

Painted red figures with a black background

Tempera

A type of paint created with colors and egg yolks

Metopes

A square space in between triglyphs on a Doric frieze

Entablature

A horizontal piece that rests on the columns that contains the friezes

Capital

The uppermost part of a column, the top

Entasis

A slight curve in the shaft of a column

Volute

The spirals that come out from an Ionic order

Frieze

A broad horizontal band that is sculpted or decorated, on a wall up by the ceiling/ above columns

Pediment

The triangle upper part of a building, the "pointed roof", around columns

Caryatid

A female figure serving as support in place of a column

Kouros

Archaic Greek statue of a young man, often naked

Kore

Archaic Greek statue of a young woman, often with loose robes

Archaic smile

In Archaic Greek art, the smile that was one the faces of the sculptures and people in the artwork

Encaustic

A painting technique that used hot wax and pigment. Lasts a long time

Idealism

Forming unrealistic expectations, in art it's creating an unrealistic version of the person portrayed



Hellenistic

Greek culture that came after the death of Alexander the great. Lots of emotion, drama

Necropolis

A cemetery in an ancient city

Tumulus

A mound of Earth raised over a grave

Chimera

A female Greek monster that is a lion's head, goat's body and serpent's tail that breathes fire

Cremation

The act of burning a body after death

First Style painting

A type of painting in Rome that was used to create an illusion that the wall was made of a more expensive material (marble or stones)

Second Style Painting

Created the illusion of 3 dimensional spaces, often landscape scenes that opened up the room into something more

Third Style Painting

Embraced the flatness of a wall, monochromatic, intricate details

Fourth Style Painting

Used panels of individual paintings, still life paintings

Mosaics

A picture made by arranging colored stones or glass.

Amphitheater

A round or oval building used for entertainment, presentations, fights, etc

Synagogue

A building used for Jewish worship

Catacomb

An underground cemetery

Lunette

Something crescent shaped

Apse

A large semi-circle in a church, usually containing the alter

Relic

An object surviving from earlier times, historic or sentimental

Tesserae

A small piece of glass, stone, etc used to create a mosaic

Chi-Rho

The Christian symbol Constantine saw in battle that assured him that he would win the battle

Iconography

Visual images used in a work

Vellum

Parchment made from calf skin

Parchment

Stiff, flat, thin piece of animal skin used for writing in ancient times

Diptych

A painting that is like a book, hinged and can close, book cover

Atrium (basilica)

An open-roofed entrance hall or central court

Narthex

A porch-like structure with railing in a church

Aisles

A passageway between rows of seats

Clerestory

Upper part of a church that contain clerestory windows

Transept

A transverse section that lays across a building, crosswise, like a cruciform (cross shaped)