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80 Cards in this Set

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Style
an artist’s distinctive manner of producing an object, the way it looks
canon of proportions
a rule of what is considered “correct” proportions.
composition
the way in which an artist organized forms in an artwork, either by placing shapes on a flat surface or arranging forms in space
form
an object’s shape and structure, either in two dimensions or in three dimensionsan object’s shape and structure, either in two dimensions or in three dimensions
hierarchy of scale / hieratic scale
an artistic convention in which greater size indicates greater importance
line
the extension of a point along a path, made by drawing on or chiseling into a plane
medium
the material in which an artist works
space
both the actual area an object occupies or building encloses, or the illusion of space in a painting/sculpture
technique
the process artists employ to create form, as well as the distinctive, personal ways in which they handle their materials and tools
texture
the quality of a surface, such as rough or shiny
perspective
a method of presenting an illusion of the three dimensional world on a two dimensional surface
foreshortening
the use of perspective to represent the apparent visual contraction of a subject.
additive sculpture
a kind of sculpture technique in which the materials are built up or added to create form
high relief
figures project a good deal from the background which they are a part of
low-relief (bas relief)
where the figures are carved into the stone so that the highest part of the sculpture is no higher then the stone itself
subtractive sculpture
a kind of sculpture technique where the materials are built up or added to create form
elevation
architecture - head on view of external or internal wall
plan
architecture - horizontal arrangements of the parts of a building or a city
section
architecture - diagram or representation of a part of a structure or building
patrons
the person or entity that commissions an artist to create artwork
in situ
a work of art made specifically for a host site or takes into account the site where it will be displayed
causality
the relationship between cause and effect
iconography
the writing of images in an artwork/ the study of symbolic content in an artwork
formal analysis
the visual analysis of artistic form
contextual analysis
a strategy in which the viewer interprets the meaning of a piece of art from the context in which it appears
brushwork
the particular way in which paint is applied to the canvas
impasto
paint that is applied thickly to a canvas or panel so that it stands in relief and retains the brushmarks
sfumato
"smokey" a smokelike haziness that subtly softens edges in paintings
tenebrism
"painting in the shadowy manner" using violent contrasts or sharp lights and darks
neolithic
"New Stone Age"
mesolithic
"middle stone age"
prehistory
the time before written records
mesopotamia
an ancient region of southwest Asia in present-day Iraq
Stele
a carved stone slab used to mark graves or commemorate historical events
cuniform writing
system of writing in ancient mesopotamia with wedge shaped letters carved into clay tablets
ziggurat
a monumental platform for a temple in ancient mesopotamian architecture
votive figures
deific figures
pharaoh
an ancient egyptian king
papyrus
a plant native to egypt used to make writing surfaces
mastaba
ancient egyptian rectangular brick or stone structure over a subterranean burial chamber
Ka
in ancient egypt - the immortal life force
Serdab
a small concealed chamber in an Egyptian mastaba that contained a statue of the deceased
mummification
a technique used by the ancient egyptians to preserve the body so as to have a home for the immortal Ka
mortuary temple
Egyptian architecture - temple erected for the worship of a deceased pharaoh
valley temple
temple closest to the Nile river associated with each of the great pyramids of Gizeh in egypt
Nemes
(headdress) the headdress that the pharaoh wears
Uraeus
the serpent on top of the headdress that the pharaoh wears
Pylon Temple
the wide entrance gateway of an egyptian temple, characterized by its sloping walls
hypostyle hall
a hall with a roof supported by columns
clerestory
the part of a building that rises above the roofs of other parts - originated in Egypt
Thebes
ancient city in Egypt - destroyed by Alexander the great
peristyle court
an area enclosed by columns
colonnade
series of columns, usually spanned by lintels
Armana period
era of Egyptian history when Akheneton ruled during the latter half of the eighteenth dynasty - art style changed drastically
buon fresco
painting into wet lime plaster
fresco secco
painting into dry lime plaster
citadel
a fortress, usually on high ground
cyclopean masonry
a method of stone construction that uses massive irregular
corbeled arch
a projecting wall member used to support from some element of the superstructure
relieving triangle
in Mycenaean architecture, the triangular opening above the lintel that serves to lighten the weight that the lintel itself carries
tholos
a temple with a circular plan
Geometric Period
the style of Greek art during the ninth and eighth centuries BCE characterized by abstract geometric ornamentation
Archaic Period
the artistic style of 600 - 480 BCE in Greece, characterized by the composite view for painted and relief figures and egyptian stance for statues
Archaic Smile
the smile that appears on all Greek statues from 570-480 BCE - indicates that the person is alive
cult statue
the statue of the deity that stood in the cella of an ancient temple
Doric Order
characterized by capitals with funnel shaped echinus', columns with no bases, and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes
Ionic Order
characterized by volutes, capitals, columns with bases, and an uninterrupted frieze
Black figure painting
early greek pottery with black figures silhouetted against reddish clay
red figure painting
latter greek pottery where red figures were silhouetted against a black background
contrapposto
where the human figure is in part turned in a way opposing that of another part, counterbalancing the body
tholos
a temple with a circular plan
Geometric Period
the style of Greek art during the ninth and eighth centuries BCE characterized by abstract geometric ornamentation
Archaic Period
the artistic style of 600 - 480 BCE in Greece, characterized by the composite view for painted and relief figures and egyptian stance for statues
Archaic Smile
the smile that appears on all Greek statues from 570-480 BCE - indicates that the person is alive
cult statue
the statue of the deity that stood in the cella of an ancient temple
Doric Order
characterized by capitals with funnel shaped echinus', columns with no bases, and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes
Ionic Order
characterized by volutes, capitals, columns with bases, and an uninterrupted frieze
Black figure painting
early greek pottery with black figures silhouetted against reddish clay
red figure painting
latter greek pottery where red figures were silhouetted against a black background
contrapposto
where the human figure is in part turned in a way opposing that of another part, counterbalancing the body