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126 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
distortion of color or form for emotional impact
Expression
human ability to make things; creativity of man as distinguished from the world of nature
Art: Dictionary definition
involves a degree of human involvement — through manual skills or thought — as with the word "artificial," meaning made by humans instead of by nature
Art: Artforms definition
particular material, along with its accompanying technique
Medium
4 examples of media
photography, video, film, paint
sacred circles used as religious meditation aid
Mandala
pieces of photographs pasted together to make a new image (like collage)
Photomontage
An overall feeling or emotion, often equated with expression; neutral colors, anger, trees withered, guardian angel, tidings associated with christmas
Mood
The __ arts improve the quality of our surroundings.
utilitarian
Art made with a combination of different materials is referred to as __________.
Mixed Media
having only basic form with little or no attempt at representation
Abstract
usually learned through family, relatives, or community through generations; little or no formal schooling
Folk art
A lot of the artwork in certain time periods look the same because of this type of training
apprentice
depicts the appearance of things - objects we recognize from the everyday world
Representational
3 types of representational art
realistic, expressionistic, Tromp l'oleil
freely
Expressionistic
fool the eye
Trompe l'oleil
Works of art that have no reference at all to natural objects (nonrepresentational); Works that depict natural objects in a simplified, distorted, or exaggerated way; may simplify shapes, add colors
Abstract (non-representational)
Art in which the objects are simplified or distorted is referred to as ______
abstract
the total effect of the combined visual qualities within a work (what we see); color, dimensions, line, mass, medium, scale, shape, space, texture, value
Form
message or meaning of the work; what a work of art is about; its subject matter
Content
Content is what we interpret and __________ is what we see.
form
the study of subject matter and symbolism in the visual arts; representational
Iconography
________ refers to an awareness of beauty or an elevated awareness of the viewer.
Aesthetics
The criteria for ________ is often based on culturally accepted standards
beauty
A work of art with no recognizable objects is called:
non-representational
__________ refers to the message or the meaning in a work of art.
Content
is the symbolic meaning of signs and subjects.
Iconography
__________ applies to art by artists who are part of established traditions of style, theme, and craftsmanship.
Folkart
The term __________ refers to art that depicts the appearance of things
representational
__________ art presents visual forms with no specific references to anything outside themselves.
Non-representational
any flat or level surface
Plane
a moving dot; path of a point moving in space; invisible line of site
Line
the points are connected and continuous
Actual line
not continuous but because of the context the viewer perceives as continuous
Implied line
line created by the edge of things
Contour line
creating shading space with parellel lines or is parallel that make gray
Hatching
Parallel lines that cross one another
Crosshatching
using dots to make different shades
Stippling
areas within a composition that have boundaries that separates them from what surrounds them
Shape
always unnatural and mathematical in appearance
Geometric shapes
things that resemble organisms in nature
Organic shapes
shapes in a work of art that you naturally look at; Objects or works that viewers naturally focus on
Positive shapes
whatever spaces left over. Can be empty space or unimportant imagery
Negative shapes
2 examples of Negative shapes
shape of space & figure-ground reversals
bulk in 3 dimensions
Mass in 3d
2 types of 3D
closed form & open form
sculpture is well contained, referring back into itself, closed (no arms, legs hanging out)
Closed form
breaks out into space
Open form
mass that is implied; can have in painting or drawing
Mass in 2d
the general receptical of all things; the bounded or boundless container of all objects
Space
building structure (architecture)
3d
implied space; decorative tomb
2d
for depth; one of the most important means of conveying an illusion of depth; when one thing lies over, partly covering something else
Overlapping
any means of representing 3d on a 2d surface
Perspective
a system of organizing space in 2d media wherein lines that in reality are parallel and horizontal are represented as diagonals converging on a point; a system of drawing or painting in which the artist attempts to create the illusion of spatial depth on a two-dimensional surface
Linear Perspective
view level
Horizon
point where all the angles are drawn out from to produce an illusion of depth in a two-dimensional representation of space
Vanishing point
diagnols that are pulled out from the vanishing point
Orthogonals
change the color and distinctness (sharpness) of objects viewed at a distance
Atmoshperic Perspective
may be the subject matter
Time
time may be an element
Continuous narrative
literal time (time as it is displayed)
Manipulated time
it changes form and may have time element
Actual motion
sculpture that literally moves
Kinetic sculpture
is electromagnetc energy
Physical light
lightness or darkness of something; The greater the light reflected the greater the light; make things pop
Light Value
Using light dark contrast to simulate 3d on 2d; example: painting egg
Chiaroscuro
red, yellow, blue
Primary colors
mixture of colors
Secondary colors
opposite on the color wheel
Complimentary colors
chooses one color make painting; different hues
Monochromatic color
colors adjacent to one another
Analogous color
color mixed with white
Tint
color mixed with a darker color
Shade
pureness of the color
Saturation
2 types of texture
actual & visual simulated
the actual paint
Actual texture
implied texture; illusion
Visual simulated texture
The elements of art are:
line, color, texture, mass, shape, light, space, time, and motion.
The phenomenon when positive and negative space change places - as seen in Escher's Sky and Water I painting is called:
figure-ground reversal
The method of creating the illusion of depth on a 2-D surface through the appearance of converging parallel lines and one or more vanishing points is called ____________
linear perspective
The relative lightness or darkness of a color is:
value
The gradual shifting from light to dark to create the illusion of a curved surface is __________
chiaroscuro
Opposites on the color wheel are called:
compliments
The saturation of a color is its:
purity
Works of art that use variations of one hue are referred to as:
monochromatic
Painter Georges Seurat developed the painting technique using small dots of color called ___________
pointillism
The surface/tactile quality of a work is ___________.
texture
__________ lines suggest a visual connection.
Implied
__________ shapes are irregular, sometimes curving and rounded.
Organic
Linear perspective uses a system of lines which appear to converge at a __________.
vanishing point
__________ colors are made by mixing equal portions of two primary colors.
Secondary
In __________ perspective parallel lines remain parallel, they do not converge as they recede
isometric
__________ refers to the physical bulk of a solid body of material of a three-dimensional area
Mass
When you add black to a hue it creates a __________.
shade
organization in visual element in 2D
Composition
both product of visual elements and process
Design
feeling of oneness or a wholeness; through patterns, concepts, colors, etc.
Unity
added difference to unity to make interesting
Variety
achievement of equilibrium, distribution of weight using visual elements
Balance
equal balance or mirror or exact matching of the left and right side in 2D & 3D
Symmetrical balance
Left and right sides are not the same
Assymetrical balance
specific parts of a work of art that seize and hold the viewers attention; it's what catches your eye
Focal point
paths for your eye to follow
Directional forces
to show difference
Conrast
putting 2 strong disimilar objects next to each other;
Juxtaposition
the same thing over and over again; Soft, curving shapes,
Repetition
regular recurrence of elements with related variations
Repetition and Rhythm
size relation to one another
Scale
size relationship of parts to a whole
Proportion
intentional distortion of scale to enlarge elements considered to be most important; higher in status
Hierarchial scale
The principles of design include
Balance, unity, variety
Which of the following occurs when nonequal forms, masses, or other elements balance one another?
asymmetrical balance.
___________ is the size relationship of the parts to a whole.
Proportion
The achievement of visual equilibrium in a work of art is _________.
balance
Repetition of similar elements in a work of art creates the illusion of:
rhythm
________ is the appearance or condition of oneness is work of art.
Unity
Which of the following occurs when equal forms, masses, or elements balance one another?
symmetrical balance.
The organization of visual elements in a in a work of art is referred to as ________.
the composition
The use of unnatural proportions to show the importance of the figures is called _______________.
hierarchical scale
The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements is referred to as ____________.
contrast
A work of art possesses __________ when its visual weights or masses are distributed in such a way that they achieve harmony.
balance
Artists frequently stir the viewer's interest by creating __________ within unity.
variety
__________ is the size relation of one thing to another.
Scale
The direction of a line produces visual sensations. __________ lines create a sense of being at rest.
Horizontal