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216 Cards in this Set

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Possiblist

Back (Definition)

Aristotle and Plato

Greek philosophers who believed that the earth was round

Cartograms

Maps that assign space by the size of some datum

Cartographers

Map makers

Concentration

The density of particular phenomena over an area

Conformal maps

Maps that distort area but keep shapes intact

Conic projection maps

Maps that put a cone over the Earth and keep distance intact but lose directional qualities

Cultural landscape

Cultural attributes of an area often used to describe a place

Cylindrical maps

Maps that show true direction but lose distance

Dark Ages

A time when academic thought was not advancing in Europe but was very active across the rest of the world

Density

Describes how often an object occurs within a given area or space

Diffusion

Describes the spread out movement of a principle or idea

Forward Capitol

A Capitol city that is put in a particular location to show that the home country intends to use land in the future, although it is not currently in use.

Distribution

This term comes from the idea that everything on the Earth's surface must have a physical location

Environmental Determinism

An important development in the field of geography in the early 20th century that stated that human behaviors are a direct result of their environment

Equal-area projection maps

Maps that try to distribute distortion equally throughout the map

Johann Heinrich von Thunen

Developed an agricultural land use model that suggested that certain crops were grown in direct relation to their distance to market

Johann Heinrich von Thunen

Developed an agricultural land use model that suggested that certain crops were grown in direct relation to their distance to market

Subsistence farmers

Producing the food that their families need to survive, subsistence farmers depend on the crops

Slash-and-burn agriculture

The process of burning the physical landscape for both added space and additional nutrients put in the soil

Shifting Cultivation

The moving of farm fields after several years in search of more productive soil after depleting the nutrients in the original field

Shifting Cultivation

The moving of farm fields after several years in search of more productive soil after depleting the nutrients in the original field

Seed agriculture

The taking of seeds from existing plants and planting them to produce new plants

Shifting Cultivation

The moving of farm fields after several years in search of more productive soil after depleting the nutrients in the original field

Seed agriculture

The taking of seeds from existing plants and planting them to produce new plants

Long lots

A system of farming where lots up to a half mile or more extend back from a river, which farmers use as their primary means of hauling their agricultural products to the market

Intertillage

The manual clearing of rows in the field through the use of hoes, takes, and other manual equipment

Grain farming

The mass planting and harvesting of grain crops, such as wheat, barley, and millet.

Intertillage

The manual clearing of rows in the field through the use of hoes, takes, and other manual equipment

Grain farming

The mass planting and harvesting of grain crops, such as wheat, barley, and millet.

Feedlots

Farms that specialize in cattle or hogs and may have thousands of head of livestock, feedlots can create large amounts of waste runoff, air pollution, and groundwater contamination

Intertillage

The manual clearing of rows in the field through the use of hoes, takes, and other manual equipment

Grain farming

The mass planting and harvesting of grain crops, such as wheat, barley, and millet.

Feedlots

Farms that specialize in cattle or hogs and may have thousands of head of livestock, feedlots can create large amounts of waste runoff, air pollution, and groundwater contamination

Farm crisis

Occurs when farmers are too productive, causing a surplus of crops and, therefore, lowering prices and producing less revenue for the farmers

Intertillage

The manual clearing of rows in the field through the use of hoes, takes, and other manual equipment

Grain farming

The mass planting and harvesting of grain crops, such as wheat, barley, and millet.

Feedlots

Farms that specialize in cattle or hogs and may have thousands of head of livestock, feedlots can create large amounts of waste runoff, air pollution, and groundwater contamination

Farm crisis

Occurs when farmers are too productive, causing a surplus of crops and, therefore, lowering prices and producing less revenue for the farmers

Double-cropping

The growing of two crops per year to double agricultural output

Intertillage

The manual clearing of rows in the field through the use of hoes, takes, and other manual equipment

Grain farming

The mass planting and harvesting of grain crops, such as wheat, barley, and millet.

Feedlots

Farms that specialize in cattle or hogs and may have thousands of head of livestock, feedlots can create large amounts of waste runoff, air pollution, and groundwater contamination

Farm crisis

Occurs when farmers are too productive, causing a surplus of crops and, therefore, lowering prices and producing less revenue for the farmers

Double-cropping

The growing of two crops per year to double agricultural output

Net migration

The number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants

Intertillage

The manual clearing of rows in the field through the use of hoes, takes, and other manual equipment

Grain farming

The mass planting and harvesting of grain crops, such as wheat, barley, and millet.

Feedlots

Farms that specialize in cattle or hogs and may have thousands of head of livestock, feedlots can create large amounts of waste runoff, air pollution, and groundwater contamination

Farm crisis

Occurs when farmers are too productive, causing a surplus of crops and, therefore, lowering prices and producing less revenue for the farmers

Double-cropping

The growing of two crops per year to double agricultural output

Net migration

The number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants

Overpopulation

The lack of necessary resources to meet the needs of a population in a defined area determined by carrying capacity

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Dependency ratio

Determined by comparing the sum of persons age 0-14 and over 65 to those age 15-64; children and the elderly depend on the population's workforce for support

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crude birth rate

The number of births in a society per 1,000 people

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

J-curve

^^

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Dependency ratio

Determined by comparing the sum of persons age 0-14 and over 65 to those age 15-64; children and the elderly depend on the population's workforce for support

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crude birth rate

The number of births in a society per 1,000 people

Crude death rate

The number of deaths in a society per 1,000 people

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

J-curve

^^

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Dependency ratio

Determined by comparing the sum of persons age 0-14 and over 65 to those age 15-64; children and the elderly depend on the population's workforce for support

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crude birth rate

The number of births in a society per 1,000 people

Crude death rate

The number of deaths in a society per 1,000 people

Cotite

A nickname given to person who is hired to assist illegal immigrants into the US, often at a cost that does not depend upon success of entry

J-curve

^^

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Dependency ratio

Determined by comparing the sum of persons age 0-14 and over 65 to those age 15-64; children and the elderly depend on the population's workforce for support

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crude birth rate

The number of births in a society per 1,000 people

Crude death rate

The number of deaths in a society per 1,000 people

Cotite

A nickname given to person who is hired to assist illegal immigrants into the US, often at a cost that does not depend upon success of entry

J-curve

^^

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Dependency ratio

Determined by comparing the sum of persons age 0-14 and over 65 to those age 15-64; children and the elderly depend on the population's workforce for support

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crude birth rate

The number of births in a society per 1,000 people

Crude death rate

The number of deaths in a society per 1,000 people

Cotite

A nickname given to person who is hired to assist illegal immigrants into the US, often at a cost that does not depend upon success of entry

Arithmetic density

Determined by dividing the population of a country by the total land area

Scale

The relationship between the size of a map to the amount of the planet it represents; the dimension into which one is trying to cast the real world

Relative location

A location that is based on, or refers to, another feature on the Earth's surface

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Dependency ratio

Determined by comparing the sum of persons age 0-14 and over 65 to those age 15-64; children and the elderly depend on the population's workforce for support

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crude birth rate

The number of births in a society per 1,000 people

Crude death rate

The number of deaths in a society per 1,000 people

Cotite

A nickname given to person who is hired to assist illegal immigrants into the US, often at a cost that does not depend upon success of entry

J-curve

^^

Scale

The relationship between the size of a map to the amount of the planet it represents; the dimension into which one is trying to cast the real world

Relative location

A location that is based on, or refers to, another feature on the Earth's surface

Ptolemy

Back (Definition)

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country (move to location)

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country or region (move from location)

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Ptolemy

Back (Definition)

Total Fertility Rate

The number of babies that an average woman delivers during her childbearing years

Crude birth rate

The number of births in a society per 1,000 people

Crude death rate

The number of deaths in a society per 1,000 people

Cotite

A nickname given to person who is hired to assist illegal immigrants into the US, often at a cost that does not depend upon success of entry

J-curve

^^

Scale

The relationship between the size of a map to the amount of the planet it represents; the dimension into which one is trying to cast the real world

Relative location

A location that is based on, or refers to, another feature on the Earth's surface

Ptolemy

Back (Definition)

Possiblist

^^

Migration diffusion

The term used to describe the physical spread of people moving from one place to another

Middle Ages

A time after the fall of the Roman Empire and before the Enlightenment

Crop rotation

The planting of different crops each year to replenish the soil's nutrients that were lost to the previous crop

Zero population growth

Describes a population in which the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate

Thomas Malthus

A British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was growing faster than agricultural productivity

J-curve

^^

Infant mortality rate

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday

Ptolemy

Back (Definition)

Possiblist

^^

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases

Dependency ratio

Determined by comparing the sum of persons age 0-14 and over 65 to those age 15-64; children and the elderly depend on the population's workforce for support

Gerardus Mercator

Latitudes (parallels)

Parallel lines that run east/west on the surface of the Earth; the highest degree is 90 degrees

Longitudes (meridians)

Parallel lines that run north/south on the surface of the Earth

Geographic information system (GIS)

Geographical positioning system (GPS)

Back (Definition)