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81 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

The condition called cyanosis results from

lack of oxygen circulating in blood

Endothelia are found in

blood vessels

Skin covering what surface has no hair follicles or oil glands

Plantar surface, palms

Hyonychium refers to a component or feature that is

an accessory structure of the integument & made of epithelium

Vertebrochondral ribs are also know as ____ ribs

false

What would decrease the rate of diffusion of substance X from point A to point B

-decreased temperature


-increased size of x


-increased distance between A and B

Which of the following are epidermal derivatives?


-sudoriferous glands


-arrector pili


-sebaceous glands


-nails


-hair

suderiferous glands, sebaceous glands, nails, hair



What is responsible for diaphoresis

merocrine sweat glands

If a normal red blood cell is places in a solution that causes it to shrink, you can conclude that

the solution is hypertonic

The yellow color of fat is due to what pigment

carotene

A congenital disorder of the skeleton in which there is insufficient collagen in the bone matrix is called

osteogenesis imperfecta

Functions of the skeleton include



-hemopoiesis


-Produce calcium regulating hormones

Functions of the skeleton do not include

-regulation of certain electrolytes


-mineral storage

Basic structural unit of compact bone

osteon

What are bones of the orbit

palatine, maxilla, ethmoid

Where is endosteum found

lining central canals of osteons, covering trabecular inside the epiphyses

An abnormal anterior exaggeration in the lumbar curvature is called

lordosis

Which of the following are bones in the axial skeleton? atlas, manubrium, sacrum, scapula, talus

atlas, manubrium, sacrum

____ are common in compact bone but rarely seen in spongy bone

central canals

Which of the following is a facial bone? ethmoid, frontal, nasal, sphenoid, temporal

nasal

Calcitonin is produced by cells of the

thyroid

Parathyroid hormone does not

-stimulate osteoblast activity


-inhibit osteoclast activity



Parathyroid hormone does

-promote calcium reabsorption by the kidneys


-increase blood calcium


-promote calcitrol synthesis

Blood Ca2+ excess stimulates ____ secretion, which leads to _____

calcitonin, increased osteoblast activity

Cartilage expands through

interstitial growth

Cells in the ___ provide a hair with its sole source of growth

bulb

An example of a gland whose cells use merocrine secretion are

mammary glands, sudoriferous glands, salivary glands

Lining of the stomach

simple columnar epithelium

Dermis

dense irregular connective tissue

External ear

elastic cartilage

Wall of aorta

elastic connective tissue

lining of nasal cavity

pseudo stratified epithelium

meniscus of knee

fibrocartilage

most of larynx

hyaline cartilage

endosteum

reticular connective tissue

mesothelium

simple squamous epithelium

lining of esophagus

non-keratanized stratified squamous

2 basic categories of active transport

carrier & vesicular

what type of skin cancer is least dangerous

basal cell

4 functions of the integument

protection


synthesis of vit d


water barrier


thermoregulation

why is cartilage slower to heal than bone

bc its avascular and it relies on diffusion

Which of the following is true of cell membranes? a) consist largely of covalently-bonded phospholipids b) is a bilayer of proteins with phospholipids dispersed throughout c) contains cholesterol

contains cholesterol

mesothelia are found in

peritoneum

Which of the following is(are) NOT an epithelial membrane? a) parietal pericardium b) synovial membrane c) periosteum d) peritoneum e) mucous membrane

peritoneum, parietal pericardium, mucous membrane

Eponychium refers to a component or feature that is:

an accessory structure of the integument, made of epithelium

These are all types of cells found in the epidermis except

fibroblasts

A mucous membrane may have which of the following components?

a) areolar tissue b) simple columnar epithelia c) pseudostratified epithelia

The reddish color of the skin of the lips is primarily due to this pigment

hemoglobin

The lung cavity is lined by which type of membrane?

parietal pleura

If a normal red blood cell is placed in a solution that causes it to swell, you can conclude that:

the solution is hypotonic

These increase a cell's external surface area and are found on intestinal cells

microvilli

A congenital disorder of the skeleton in which there is insufficient long bone growth in the limbs is called

achondroplasia

Which of the following membrane transport processes requires a membrane protein?

diffusion of an electrolyte, such as sodium ion, most of osmotic flow, active transport of glucose

Epithelial tissue is characterized by

tightly packed cells, typically an association with auroral tissue

Which of the following is NOT a bone of the orbit? a) palatine b) temporal c) lacrimal d) mandible e) ethmoid

mandible

Ethnic differences in skin color are primarily caused by differences in

quantity of melanin produced

An abnormal posterior exaggeration of the thoracic curvature is called

kyphosis

Which of the following is(are) a bone of the appendicular skeleton?CIRCLE ALL THAT APPLY a) atlas b) manubrium c) sacrum d) scapula e) talus

scapula, talus

_______________ are common in compact bone but rarely seen in spongy bone.

central canals

Blood vessels in the _________ provide a hair with its sole source of nutrition

dermal papilla

An example of a gland whose cells use holocrine type of secretion is(are):

sebaceous glands

Secretions from __________ glands contribute to the acid mantle that inhibits bacterial growth on the skin.

merocrine sweat

A child lives under the dense canopy of a rainforest in a developing nation. The child shows early symptoms of rickets with the legs beginning to bow. Which one of the following best explains the cause of rickets

the child cannot form sufficient vitamin D3

Which of the following is(are) a cranial bone?


a) ethmoid b) frontal c) nasal d) sphenoid e) temporal

ethmoid, frontal

These increase a cell's external surface area and are found on intestinal cells

microvilli

When ____________ become enclosed in lacunae, they become cells called _____________.

osteoblasts; osteocytes

Mature bones are remodeled throughout life by employing

appositional growth

Bone elongation is a result of

cartilage growth

Wolff's law of bone explains the effect of

mechanical stress on bone remodeling

Intramembranous ossification produces the

flat bones of the skull

Parathyroid hormone (PTH) does not

lower blood calcium

___________ is synthesized by the combined action of the skin, kidneys, and liver, and is important to the deposition of bone.

calcitriol

Blood Ca2+ deficiency stimulates __________ secretion, which leads to _____________.

parathyroid hormone; increased osteoclast activity

If a normal red blood cell is placed in a 500 mOsm solution of non-permeating solute, what will happen?

????

Which of the following sklin cells alert the immune system to pathogens?

keratinocytes

Which cells have a ruffled border and secrete hydrochloric acid?

osteoclasts

Scalp hairs grow about 2mm/week due to mitosis of cells in the

hair matrix

Where would you expect to find endosteum?

lining the central canals of compact bone, covering the trabeculae of cancellous bone

Which of the following glands produce the acid mantle?

merocrine sweat glands

When ____________ become enclosed in lacunae, they become cells called _____________.

osteoblasts; osteocytes

In the intestine, __________________ ensure(s) that most digested nutrients pass through the epithelial cells and not between them.

tight junctions