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22 Cards in this Set

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ankle joint

"true ankle joint"

"true ankle joint"/talocrural/talotibial

formed by the articulation of the distal end & medial malleolus of the tibia & the lateral malleolus of fibular with the talus
uniaxial joint that is triplanar (motion around an obliquely oriented axis tha...


  • "true ankle joint"/talocrural/talotibial
  • formed by the articulation of the distal end & medial malleolus of the tibia & the lateral malleolus of fibular with the talus
  • uniaxial joint that is triplanar (motion around an obliquely oriented axis that passes through all three planes)

subtalar joint

(talocalcaneal joint)

formed by the articulation of the talus with the calcaneus

formed by the articulation of the talus with the calcaneus

transverse tarsal joint

(midtarsal joint)

formed by the articulation of the talus & calcaneus with the navicular & cuboid

formed by the articulation of the talus & calcaneus with the navicular & cuboid

tarsometatarsal joint

any of the three joints between the tarsal & metatarsal bones
medial joint: between the 1st cuneiform & 1st metatarsal
intermediate joint: between the 2nd & 3rd cuneiforms & corresponding metatarsals
lateral joint: between the cuboid and 4th & 5th...
any of the three joints between the tarsal & metatarsal bones
  • medial joint: between the 1st cuneiform & 1st metatarsal
  • intermediate joint: between the 2nd & 3rd cuneiforms & corresponding metatarsals
  • lateral joint: between the cuboid and 4th & 5th metatarsals

superior tibiofibular joint

formed by the articulation of the head of the fibula with the posterior lateral tibia

a small gliding motion occurs here


  • formed by the articulation of the head of the fibula with the posterior lateral tibia
  • a small gliding motion occurs here

inferior tibiofibular joint

formed by the articulation of the distal tibia with the distal fibula
much of the strength of the ankle joint depends on the strength of the union of this joint
  • formed by the articulation of the distal tibia with the distal fibula
  • much of the strength of the ankle joint depends on the strength of the union of this joint

foot joints

metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints
interphalangeal (IP) joint [great toe]  

proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints [toes 2-5]
distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint [toes 2-5]
  • metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints
  • interphalangeal (IP) joint [great toe]
  • proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints [toes 2-5]
  • distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint [toes 2-5]

osteokinematics:

"true ankle joint"

(talocrural/talotibial)

has 1 degree of freedom: dorsiflexion & plantar flexion occur in the sagittal plane

has 1 degree of freedom: dorsiflexion & plantar flexion occur in the sagittal plane

osteokinematics:


  • subtalar joint (talocalcaneal)
  • transverse tarsal joint (midtarsal)
have 1 degree of freedom:
inversion & eversion occur in the frontal plane

have 1 degree of freedom:


inversion & eversion occur in the frontal plane

osteokinematics:

toe MTP joints

have 2 degrees of freedom:
flexion & extension occur in the sagittal plane

abduction & adduction occur in the frontal plane

have 2 degrees of freedom:



  1. flexion & extension occur in the sagittal plane
  2. abduction & adduction occur in the frontal plane

osteokinematics:

toe IP joints

have 1 degree of freedom:
flexion & extension occur in the sagittal plane

have 1 degree of freedom:


flexion & extension occur in the sagittal plane

valgus

the distal end of a bone of a joint is turned away from the midline of the body

the distal end of a bone of a joint is turned away from the midline of the body

varus

the most distal end of a bone of a joint is turned toward the midline of the body

the most distal end of a bone of a joint is turned toward the midline of the body

coxa valgus & varus

genu valgus & varus

(knock-knees & bowlegged)

talipes valgus & varus

calcaneal valgus & varus

hallux valgus


supination of the foot

combination of plantar flexion, inversion & adduction

combination of plantar flexion, inversion & adduction

pronation of the foot

combination of dorsiflexion, eversion & abduction

combination of dorsiflexion, eversion & abduction

pes planus

"flat foot"
loss of the medial longitudinal arch
low arch w/ feet that are pronated


  • "flat foot"
  • loss of the medial longitudinal arch
  • low arch w/ feet that are pronated

pes cavus

hollow foot

refers to an abnormally high medial longitudinal arch

high arch w/ feet that are supinated


  • hollow foot
  • refers to an abnormally high medial longitudinal arch
  • high arch w/ feet that are supinated