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27 Cards in this Set

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What are the three types of structural classes of joints?

Fibrous, Carilaginous, and Synovial

Fibrous:

Join bones by dense regular connective tissue. (No joint cavity)

What are 3 types of fibrous joints?

Suture, Syndesmosis, Gomphosis

Suture


Made of, location, and function

Made of: short fibers


Location: squamous suture between parietal, and temporal bones


Function: Immovable

Syndesomosis


made of, location, and function

Made of: long fibers


Location: between the tibia and fibula


Function: amphiarthrosis (slightly move able)

Gomphosis


made of, location, and function

Made of: periodontal liagment


Location: tooth socket


Function: synarthrosis (immovable)

Cartilaginous joint

join bones united by cartilage

Two types of cartilaginous joins

Synchondrosis and Symphysis

Synchondrosis


made of, Location, and function

Made of: Hyaline cartilage


Location: between the costal cartilage of rib 1 and sternum,


Function: synarthorosis (No movement)

Symphysis


made of, location, and function

Made of: fibrocartilage


Location: disks of the invertebrae


Function: amphiarthrosis (slightly moveable)

Synovial Joint functions (5)

1. join bones


2. covered in articular cartilage


3. separated by joint cavity


4. enclosed in an articular capsule


5. lined with a synovial membrane

Types of Synovial Joints (6)

1. Plane


2. Hinge


3. Pivot


4. Condylar


5. Saddle


6. Ball and Socket

Ball and socket

Hip joint

Condyloid

Atlanto-occipital joint


or Head of radius-capitulum (looking up and down)

Gliding

Intercarpal

Hinge

Elbow joint


or Jaw

Pivot

Atlanto-axial joint


(Looking left to right)

Saddle

Thumb joint

Flexion vs Extension

Forward vs Straight up

Hypertension

Back

Dorsiflexion vs Plantar flexion

Flexed vs Pointed toes

Abduction vs Adduction

Far from thighs vs close

Rotation vs Circumduction

Left to right vs complete circle

Supination vs Pronation

Face up vs face down

Eversion vs Inversion

toes out vs toes in

Protraction vs Retraction

Push jaw out vs pull in

Elevation vs Depression

Closed mouth vs open