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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Preamble
Constitution's introduction
articles
seven numbered sections of the Constitution
constitutionalism
government must obey laws
rule of law
holds that government and its officers are always subject to-never above-the law
separation of powers
basic powers are distributed-separated-among three distinct and independent branches of the government
checks of balances
system of overlapping the powers of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches to permit each branch to check the actions of the others
veto
reject
judicial review
the power of courts to determine whether what government does is in accord with what the Constitution provides
federalism
the division of power among a central government and several regional governments - came to the Constitution out of both experience and necessity.
amendment
changes for the written words
amendment
changes in Constitution's written words
formal amendment
changes or additions that become part of the written language of the Constitution itself
Bill of Rights
first ten amendments
executive agreement
a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state
treaty
a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
electoral college
the group that makes the formal selection of the nation's President
cabinet
an advisory body to the President
senatorial courtesy
amounts to an unwritten rule that is closely followed in the Senate.