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23 Cards in this Set

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Gladiator

A person, usually a slave, who fought in a arena against animals or other gladiators for the entertainment of the audience

Paterfamilias

Head of a roman family, with life-and-death power over family members

Collegiality

Shared responsibility for the same office

Consul

Highest ranking annual roman official, whose primary duty was to lead the army

Legion

Largest unit of roman army, roughly 5,000 men

Triumph

Victory ceremony given to a roman general who had won a great victory

Census

Assessment of property carried out by the censors for taxation purposes

Twelve tables

First written collection of roman law, created by decemvirs in 451-450b.c.e.

Rule of law

The idea that the law has higher authority than governments and officials

Princeps

The first man on the list of senators drawn up by the censors

New man

A consul who did not have an ancestor who had been a consul

Celts

The people of the inland Europe, also known as Gauls

Gaul

Modern France, homeland of the Gauls

Militia

Military force of nonprofessional citizen soldiers

Pyrrhus of Epirus

Greek king who fought the Romans between 280 and 275b.c.e.

Italian alliance

Defeated cities and peoples of Italy who were required to follow romantic foreign policy and supply Rome with soldiers

Punic wars

Series of 3 wars that Rome fought against Carthage in North Africa

Indemnity

Monetary penalty imposed by the Romans on a defeated ememy

Hannibal

Carthaginian general who invaded Italy in 218b.c.e., beginning the second punic war

Numidia

Region of western North Africa famous for horsemanship

Scipio Africanus

Roman general who defeated Hannibal at the battle of Zama in 202b.c.e.

Cato the elder

Conservative romantic senator who represented old roman values and opposed the assimilation of Greek culture

Scorpio Aemilianus

Roman senator who defeated Carthage and favored the assimilation of Greek culture