The Pros and Cons of Abortion Essay

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The topic of abortion is one of the most controversial issues in today’s society. Thousands of abortions take place every single day, and yet public opinion remains at a standstill as to whether or not abortion is ethical or not. According to a poll in 2013, fifty-four percent of the American public believes that the practice of abortion should be legal in all or most cases (“Public Opinion on Abortion”) Abortion has been defined as “the act of removing a human embryo or fetus from the uterus of a pregnant woman prior to the completion of the full term of pregnancy”(Rich, Wagner, and Geraldine). There are very strong opinions for and against this issue, but no one can deny the vast gray area of abortion. A person’s stance on the …show more content…
Forty-five percent of pregnant women in the United States who are unmarried or do not live with the unborn child’s father receive abortions (“Induced Abortion”). Another debate concerning abortion is the point of gestation when a mother terminates the pregnancy. According to a study by the Guttmacher Institue, thirty-three percent of women get an abortion during the first six weeks. Eighty-eight percent terminate their pregnancy within the first twelve weeks, and only one and a half percent wait until twenty-one weeks or later (“Induced Abortion”). This is a major issue because people have differing opinions as to when the fetus is considered a human being and no longer a part of the mother’s body, which leads to when is the right to an abortion no longer the decision of the mother. In the United States, there are currently six methods of abortion that are most commonly practiced. The most common method is Suction Aspiration, which is often used in the first twelve weeks of a pregnancy (“About Abortion”). This method is when the physician dilates the women’s cervix and uses an aspirator to suction the fetus from the womb (“About Abortion”). Another method of abortion that is used during the first trimester is called D and C, and during this method, the doctor uses a curette to dismember the fetus (“About Abortion”). Two methods that are often used in the second trimester are known as D and E and D

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