Essay on Utilitarianism Facing Abortion

4738 Words Jun 11th, 2011 19 Pages
Utilitarianism Facing Abortion
MBA 6277

Table of Contents
Abstraction ………………………………………………………. 3
Ethical Principals and Methodologies ……………………………………. 4
Utilitarism ………………………………………………. 5
Types ………………………………………………. 6
Consequences ………………………………………………. 6
Statistics ………………………………… 7
Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism ………………………………………. 11
Healthcare vs. Marketplace ………………………………… 16 Government Allocation
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Whatever brings the greatest happiness to the most people is the morally ‘right’ decision. It is a consequentialist principal where the majority rules. It is also relative as each situation is looked at differently and will have a different outcome. Utilitarianism is known as the theory of utility. The meaning of utility is usefulness. Each action is judged by its usefulness in bringing about desired consequences. The word utility was first used to describe a group of social reformers. They attempted to make laws and practices of use-useful to people.
Mill also linked Utilitarianism with Christian morality. He connected the theory with the teachings of Jesus. He said that the ‘ideal perfection of utilitarian morality’ was abiding by the ‘Golden Rule’-‘Do onto others as you have them do to you.’ This made many more people accept Utilitarianism as it linked with their religion. Rules were introduced into Utilitarianism by Mill. The rules introduced were ones that generally brought about the greatest happiness for the greatest number. For example, Mill argued that society needs the principal of truthfulness as it brings the most happiness on the long run.
Types
There are three types of Utilitarianism, Act, Rule, and Preference. Act Utilitarianism is where you look at the consequences of each individual action and asses which brings the most good. Act

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