United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change ( Unfccc )

1947 Words Dec 14th, 2014 null Page
In December 1997, there was an international treaty adopted unanimously by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that was named after a Japanese City, it was called the Kyoto Protocol. It took only one year for members of the UNFCCC to decide that there needed to be stricter demands for reducing gas emissions (UNFCCC, 2014). This Protocol was designed to reduce the emissions of gases that contribute to global warming.
Given that, there were 41 countries plus the European Union who agreed to reduce emissions of six greenhouse gases by 5.2 percent. This period was called the “commitment period”, which ran from 2008 – 2012. With this intention, it was hyped as the most significant environmental treaty ever negotiated (Britannica, 2014). This Protocol was the first agreement between nations to order a country by country reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Nearly all nations have now approved the treaty, with the notable exception of the United States.
However, some developing countries, including China and India, were not ordered to reduce emissions, because they contributed a rather small share of the build-up of CO2 (Hensen, 2011). The Kyoto Protocol grouped the countries into either Annex A for the developing countries and Annex B for the developed countries. The Annex B countries agreed to a 95 percent reduction of the 1990 levels 1 greenhouse gas emissions, as well as individual country commitments ranging from -8 percent for the…

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