Uncertainty Reduction Theory Essay

4695 Words Sep 24th, 2008 19 Pages
Abstract
This paper deals with uncertainty reduction theory from its origin to date. Ever since uncertainty reduction theory was first created, many researchers have examined it by comparing it with other theories. Uncertainty reduction theory had been tested across different cultures in order to confirm its generalizability. It had also been applied to real life situations to examine how individuals interact in their initial encounters with strangers. In addition, researchers suggested testing uncertainty reduction theory beyond initial encounters rather than strangers. Finally, criticisms were provided for potential future studies. Introduction
Uncertainty reduction theory was created by Charles Berger in 1975. This theory
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Or they will face ambiguity or uncertainty about outcomes when information is less than optimal. Therefore, for the individual, reducing uncertainty and increasing attributional confidence become synonymous. To measure retroactive attributional confidence, subjects were asked about how confident they were in factual knowledge of the other. Proactive attributional confidence was measured by asking subjects how confident they were in prediction about the other. All hypotheses were confirmed showing that attributional confidence is an operationalization of uncertainty.
An Attributional Confidence Scale was designed by Clatterbuck (1976, 1979) to operationalize the uncertainty reduction theory developed by Berger and Calabrese (1975). However, Clatterbuck (1979) found two caveats which should be advanced concerning the relationships among CLUES, attributional confidence, and uncertainty. First, it was not totally clear in Berger and Calabrese that uncertainty and attributional confidence were identical constructs. Secondly, the CLUES instruments only weakly supported the hypotheses. Since all hypotheses were qualified to reject the null hypotheses, one would not reject the CLUES instruments just because they did not support uncertainty reduction theory as strongly as proponents would expect. In conclusion, it seemed that the empirical

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