Transformational Leadership And Related Theories Essay
Transformational leadership and related theories are in the focus of the current review. Developed by theorists in the 1980-s, the main assumption of transformational leadership is that leaders ' behavior have an impact on the organization 's performance. The author of the current essay would like to review how the theory developed, and how it can be used to improve the performance of health care organizations.
Theoretical Review Before analyzing the theory of transformational leadership, it is important to clarify the definition of leadership itself. Chemers (1997) defines leadership as “a process of social influence by which an individual enlists the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a task or mission”. The distinction between transactional and transformational leadership was developed by Bass (1991). According to the author, the main difference is that transactional leaders follow existing rules and norms to respond to emerging problems, while transformational leaders change the organization 's culture and refocus the vision, mission, while creating shared norms that increase follower engagement. Therefore, transformational leadership is an approach that initiates and facilitates change within the organization. Leaders who engage in transformational leadership are the facilitators of change. The theory developed even further in 2008, when the elements of transformational leadership were defined (Bass &…