Theories of International Organization Essay

4125 Words Oct 20th, 2007 17 Pages
Introduction

International Organizations are formal institutional structures transcending national boundaries that are created by multilateral agreement among nation-states. Their purpose is to foster international cooperation in areas such as security, law, economic and social matters and diplomacy.
The theory of international organization has evolved from developments in such areas as internationalism, transnationalism, complex interdependence, and the study of regimes, functionalism, federalism and integration.

Defining International organization

International organization is a process; international organizations are representative aspects of the phase of that process which has been reached at a given time. Based primarily
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They saw the failure of the League of Nations and were more concerned about a perfect reformation of a non-political international organization. In brief, the idealist point of view was to prevent global disorder and ensure peace.
The American lawyers, Clark and Sohn, had a legal solution for global disorder in there book World Peace through World Law. One of the solutions was the revision of the UN charter and the other was a new world security and development organization to supplement the present work of the United Nations. This was seen as a practical prospect with the process of universal and complete disarmament using either a revised UNO or a supplementary organization as the instrument of change. The realists criticized Clark and Sohn by saying that, disappearance of political division can stop violence. And the governments or the larger powers won't agree to the plan because it outweighs their existence.
Another American writer Eagleton examined the United Nations in the context of its predecessors in the history of the growth of international government, and of its legal and political background. He reported that the UN has failed to achieve the ‘international government' and concluded that a change in the attitudes of states and their people is needed first.
Leonard Woolf, one of the founder of the Fabian Society, the reformist discussion group, outlined the ‘international government'-
"If war is to

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