The Relationship Between Adult Attachment Classification and Symptoms of Depression

1662 Words Oct 12th, 2008 7 Pages
Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between adult attachment classification and symptoms of depression. By assessing adult attachment classifications in this study it is proposed it will identify individuals at risk to depressive symptoms and help in gaining a better understanding of the types of treatment interventions that may be most effective given an individual’s attachment style.

One hundred undergraduate students will complete two online questionnaires each, with one on adult attachment and one on depression. Data on age and gender will also be collected. It is hypothesized that participants with a preoccupied or fearful style (negative view of self) will have higher levels of depression symptoms
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Materials
Online access to participants to complete to the following self administered questionnaires.

Adult Attachment Style. The Relationship Questionnaire (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991) an adaptation of the attachment measure developed by Hazan and Shaver (1987) and is made up of four short paragraphs, describing each attachment style. Each participant will be asked to make ratings on a 7- point scale of the degree to which they resemble each of the four styles. Eg. A participant might rate him or herself Secure 6, Fearful 2, Preoccupied 1, Dismissing 4. These ratings (or "scores") provide a profile of an individual's attachment feelings and behaviour. The highest of the four attachment ratings will be used to classify participants into an attachment category. If when two or more attachment are rated equally high participants will be asked to choose a single, best fitting attachment pattern.

Depression. Beck Depression Inventory (Beck, 1967) which is a self-administered 21 item self-report scale measuring manifestations of depression. Individual questions of the BDI assess mood, pessimism, sense of failure, self-dissatisfaction, guilt, punishment, self-dislike, self-accusation, suicidal ideas, crying, irritability, social withdrawal, body image, work difficulties, insomnia, fatigue, appetite, weight loss, bodily preoccupation, and loss of libido. Items 1 to 13 assess symptoms that are psychological in nature, while items 14 to 21

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