Essay on The Case Studies Study Method

812 Words Mar 6th, 2016 4 Pages
The case study method often describes an extensive investigation of one person (or a particular group of people), with the “hope of revealing universal principles” (Myers, D. (2010). Psychology (9th Edition), United States of America: Worth Publishers). They often adopt an idiographic approach, which is defined as “relating to the study or discovery of particular scientific facts and processes” (Oxford Dictionary). These clinical and developmental studies are undertaken over a fixed period of time, and result in the development of norms and/or generalisations about a specific population of people. There are two distinct types of case study research. These include intrinsic and instrumental case studies. Intrinsic case studies are aimed at discovering specific information about a particular subject, whereas instrumental case studies hope to achieve a more general idea about a subject. Scientists utilise a number of research techniques in order to obtain and collate the data found in case studies, including qualitative techniques, personal notes, and official documents. Through the collation of information found through these various techniques, scientists are able to infer would could be true of a given population, but these are not to be seen as pure fact.

There are a variety of advantages to be had from the use of case studies, as seen in the case of Little Albert. Case studies often prompt new research through the discovery of extraordinary behaviour. They may also…

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