Strategic Decision Making in the Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

1600 Words Jun 20th, 2008 7 Pages
Strategic decision success is heavily reliant on the attitudes that managers take toward the decision-making process and toward the decision itself. The Cuban missile crisis is the most well known case of strategic decision making at the level of the nation-state. The nature of the case was such that the use of evaluative frameworks and concepts along with the right managerial attitudes eventuated in a successful strategic outcome. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, the Soviet Union and Cuba. In April 1962 the Soviets began supplying Cuba with military arms in the form of surface-to-air missiles and surface-to-surface cruiser missiles, and later, sometime during the spring of 1962, the Soviets began to …show more content…
An offensive attack would almost certainly result in military retaliation, something the United States were desperately trying to avoid. The attack would have openly invited an attack on Berlin, Turkey, or elsewhere as well as making it likely that some of the missiles that were in Cuba would be launched against them.

In the end the Kennedy government decided to impose a naval blockade on Cuba, forcing all Soviet ships that were carrying offensive weapons to turn around. The blockade was the midpoint between inaction and attack, it gave the Soviets the last clear choice on whether there would be a military clash or not. The blockade also provided immediate superiority of the sea to the United States, so if there was to be any resistance from the Soviets, they would be ready. On October 22nd 1962, Kennedy gave his speech to the nation were he said “To halt this offensive buildup, a strict quarantine on all offensive military equipment under shipment to Cuba is being initiated. All ships of any kind bound for Cuba from whatever nation or port will, if found to contain cargoes of offensive weapons, be turned back... We are not at this time, however, denying the necessities of life as the Soviets attempted to do in their Berlin blockade of 1948” (The History Place).

This decision was selected after the Executive Committee carefully analysed the outcomes of possible alternatives. The decision to avoid

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