Squat Physiology - a Brief Discussion Essay
This report will attempt to define the sports skill ‘the squat’ by describing the associated physiology in its performance. Topics of discussion will include: Mobility and Stability; Development of Force; Coordination of movement; Delivery of Energy; Maintenance of Working Muscles; Integration of Systems and Functions.
Often named “The King of all Exercises”, the squat is a complex movement which targets the Quadriceps, Hamstrings and the Gluteus Maximus muscles, amongst others. It is an exercise which Physiologists, Sports Scientists and Personal Trainers will all agree is a necessary component of any weight lifting or rehabilitation program. "[the squat] is capable of inducing more and faster muscle growth …show more content…
The force-velocity relationship can be applied to the squat. Obviously, the heavier the weight, the slower the subject will lift it. The optimum ratio is to use 1/3 of both maximum force and velocity to generate the most power in a given movement. However, with emphasis on either force or velocity, this ratio can change. Similarly, it can differ between individuals.
Also, the length-tension relationship in muscles can be highlighted by the squat. The optimum length of a muscle to deliver maximum tension is slightly greater than the resting length of the muscle. This can be related back to the discussion earlier. Many people do not squat deep enough because the length of their muscles is allowing them to