Sociological Theories : Compare And Contrast Essay

877 Words Oct 31st, 2015 4 Pages
Sociology 1301
Courtney Baldwin
Sociological Theories: Compare and Contrast

The Structural-Functional theory definition:
“Functionalism addresses the society as a whole in terms of function of its constituent elements such as norms, customs, traditions, and institutions.”(Subedi) The structural-functional theory looks at society as many different parts and how they work together to form a stable society; it is a macro-level oriented theory. One important component of the structural-functional approach is the idea of social structure. Social structure is patterns of social behavior. Using these patterns, functionalist can see how they bring people together. Augustus Comte, Emile Durkheim, and Herbert Spencer were all sociologists who used the structural-functional approach. The Social Conflict theory definition: The social conflict focuses on social inequality and how society is structured so as to only help a select few and not the majority. The social conflict approach is a macro-level oriented theory. Some examples of such social inequality are: race, class, gender, and age. For sociologists who use this theory, it is all about how certain majorities are more fortunate than the lesser minority. One well-known sociologist who used and is accredited for founding the social conflict theory is Karl Marx. “This perspective is derived from the works of Karl Marx, who saw society as fragmented into groups that compete for social and economic resources.”(Crossman).…

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