Social and Ethical Impact of Artificial Intelligence Essay

1506 Words Apr 30th, 2006 7 Pages
Contents

Introduction III

History III

What is Artificial Intelligence? III

Social and Ethical Issues Associated with Artificial Intelligence IV

Part I Social Impact of Artificial Intelligence IV
Part II Advantages IV
Part III Disadvantages IV

Ethical Impact of Artificial Intelligence V

Conclusion VI

Bibliography VII

Introduction

As our world expands through the growing abilities and applications of computers in our everyday lives, it seems that the role of the computer has been reversed. Before we knew that the computer only understood what we programmed it to understand; however, now the majority of our society is learning more from computers than
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One of the most famous examples is in the movie "Wargames". In this movie humans develop a computer network (Joshua) to command the deployment of America's nuclear arsenal in defence of itself and its NATO allies. The system even allows for simulated war games so that various nuclear war scenarios can be played out and analyzed. When a teenage boy hacks into the system and accidentally starts the wargames for real it is a tense moment before the 'Game' is aborted. In this movie the computer had no malicious intentions; it was just playing a game.

Ethical Impact of Artificial Intelligence

Ethics (n) the science of morals in human conduct; rules of conduct.
Moral (adj) concerned with the goodness or badness of human character or behaviour

If sentient AI's, as depicted in many science fiction movies, became real, many ethical problems would derive from that.

1. Could a computer simulate an animal or human brain in a way that the simulation should receive the same animal rights or human rights as the actual creature?

2. What are the possible criteria for a computer, whether it simulates a brain or not, to be considered sentient or sapient? Is the Turing test applicable?

3. Can a computer that must be considered sentient ever be turned off?

4. In order to be intelligent does AI need to replicate human thought, and if so, to what extent (e.g. can expert systems become AI)? What other avenues to achieving AI exist?

One book

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