Should Abortion Be Ethical? Essay

1051 Words Jun 2nd, 2016 null Page
Whether Abortion is Ethical
A main ethical/social issue with the people of the world is abortion, it is defined as a deliberate termination of a pregnancy. There are different arguments on whether it is ethical or moral to terminate a fetus’ life during a pregnancy and before the normal childbirth. With the modernization of medicine people have been given means to have an abortion based on their own will and needs in many countries. It is estimated that 45 to 55 million abortions take place in just one year which has made society question this act as heinous or justifiable. Before discussing this ethical issue, we need to consider these questions: Is a fetus a human person who has rights, self-consciousness and self-awareness? The fact is that there is no sufficient or solid evidence for this question. Some say that a fetus is able to feel pain between twenty to twenty-six weeks during the pregnancy (Kutlucan, 2009). Regardless of the answer, the better way is to apply this issue with different philosophical perspectives under various situations. We will discuss this issue of two opposite views from Immanuel Kant and Jeremy Bentham’s act-utilitarianism. Based on the full analysis, I prefer Bentham’s view because it is a better way to understand, justify and resolve abortion as an ethical issue.
Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher who believes that all humans have certain dignity and commands to respect (Sandel, 2011). According to Kant, all behaviors and actions are done by…

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